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Human Anatomy Introduction

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Human Anatomy Introduction ... Study of the STRUCTURE of the Human Body Closely related ... of Anatomy Gross Anatomy Structures that can be seen with the eye ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Human Anatomy Introduction


1
Human AnatomyIntroduction
2
What is Anatomy?
  • Study of the STRUCTURE of the Human Body
  • Closely related to PHYSIOLOGY!
  • Physiology is the study of the FUNCTION of the
    human body

3
Divisions of Anatomy
  • Gross Anatomy
  • Structures that can be seen with the eye
  • Muscles, bones, various organs
  • Microscopic Anatomy
  • Structures that cannot be seen with the eye
  • Need to use a microscope
  • Cytology study of cells
  • Histology study of tissues

4
What are you made of ?
5
Ways to Study Anatomy
  • Regional Anatomy study one region of the body
    at a time and learn everything about the region
  • Systemic Anatomy study one body system at a
    time. This is the approach we will use in this
    course

6
Anatomical Organization
  • Cells
  • Tissues
  • Organs
  • Organ Systems
  • Organism

7
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8
Organ Systems
  • 1. Integument
  • 2. Skeletal
  • 3. Muscular
  • 4. Nervous
  • 5. Endocrine
  • 6. Cardiovascular
  • 7. Lymphatic
  • 8. Respiratory
  • 9. Digestive
  • 10. Urinary
  • 11. Reproductive

9
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12
Four-footed body directions
13
Planes and Sections
  • Sagittal section divides the body into right
    and left sides
  • Mid-sagittal section straight down the center
    of the body
  • Frontal section divides the body into front and
    back sides
  • Transverse (cross) section cut straight across
    the body

14
Planes and Sections
15
Body Cavities
16
Body Cavities
17
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18
Body Quadrants
  • Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ)
  • Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ)
  • Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)
  • Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)

19
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