Objective:%20SWBAT%20identify%20at%20least%20five%20characteristics%20from%20the%20Paleolithic%20Era%20on%20a%20textbook%20worksheet. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Objective:%20SWBAT%20identify%20at%20least%20five%20characteristics%20from%20the%20Paleolithic%20Era%20on%20a%20textbook%20worksheet.

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Title: Objective:%20SWBAT%20identify%20at%20least%20five%20characteristics%20from%20the%20Paleolithic%20Era%20on%20a%20textbook%20worksheet.


1
Unit One, Day One
Day one       Quiz on map/timeline Reading on Paleolithic Era Vocab Terms on Paleolithic Era Notes on Paleolithic Era Textbook worksheet, side one  Turn in Timeline project
  • Objective SWBAT identify at least five
    characteristics from the Paleolithic Era on a
    textbook worksheet.

2
Warm-up 1
  • Give the number (for A to D)
  • South America
  • The Indian Ocean lies directly to the south of
  • The Mediterranean Sea lies to the south of
  • The Nile River is located in which continent?
  • Which came first 1000 BCE or 2000 BCE?

2
6
4
5
2000BC
3
Unit One, Day Two
    Warmup Questions/Vocab Reading on Neolithic Era Vocab Terms on Neolithic Era Notes on Neolithic Era Textbook worksheet, side two  Whats due Terms on Paleolithic Era
  • Objective SWBAT identify at least five
    characteristics from the Neolithic Era on a chart.

4
Warm-up 2
  1. The period of time before writing existed is
    called prehistory or paleolithic?
  2. Early humans arose in East Africa or Northern
    Europe?
  3. The scientific term for modern humans is homo
    sapiens or homo habilis?
  4. Early humans lived in extended family groups
    called villages or clans?
  5. Why were early humans nomadic?
  6. Name 5 technologies developed by Early Humans.

5
Warm-up 2 answers
  • Why were early humans nomadic?
    They were searching for food, water, and shelter
    and following migrating animals.
  • Name 5 technologies developed by Early Humans.
    simple tools and weapons, oral language,
    clothing, fire, and cave art

6
Unit One, Day Three
    Warmup Questions Quiz on Paleo/Neolithic Eras Civilization Notes Civilization Chart Civilization Cut/Paste activity Finish terms Due Book worksheet, side 2 Terms on Neolithic Era
Objective SWBAT identify at least five
characteristics from the beginnings of
civilizations.
7
Warm-up 3
  1. Another name for the Neolithic Era is the Old
    Stone Age or the New Stone Age?
  2. The Neolithic Era began when humans learned
    agriculture or how to domesticate or gather
    plants and animals?
  3. Why were Neolithic humans able to settle in one
    place and build houses and villages?
  4. Name five technologies developed during the
    Neolithic Era?
  5. Name two Neolithic sites being studied by
    archaeologists today.

8
Warm-up 3 answers
  • Why were Neolithic humans able to settle in one
    place and build houses and villages? Since they
    could farm and domesticate animals they had a
    ready supply of food
  • Name five technologies developed during the
    Neolithic Era? agriculture, domesticated
    animals, weaving, pottery and advanced tools and
    weapons
  • Name two Neolithic sites being studied by
    archaeologists today. Jericho, Aleppo, Catal
    Hoyuk, and Stonehenge

9
Unit one, Day four
    Unit Review Beginning of Mankindmovie, episode one      
  • Objective SWBAT use their resources in order to
    complete a unit review to prepare for tomorrow's
    test.

10
Warm-up 4
  1. A complex society with cities, writing,
    government, religion, and advanced technology is
    called a culture or civilization?
  2. What caused population to grow and trade to
    develop?
  3. The earliest written languages developed from
    sounds or pictures?
  4. Early civilizations learned how to make tools
    from bronze and iron or stone and wood?
  5. City-states, kingdoms and empires are examples of
    job specialization or centralized governments?

11
Unit One, Day Five
Unit one test Begin new Unit   Due TestEverything in packet is collected
  • Objective SWBAT apply their knowledge of the
    Paleolithic Era, the Neolithic Era and early
    civilizations on a unit test.

12
Prehistory to Early Civilizations
  • Paleolithic Era

Civilization
Neolithic Era
13
Prehistory
  • The period of time before writing existed
  • It includes the Paleolithic and Neolithic eras

14
Paleolithic Era2 million BCE to 8000 BCE
  • old stone age
  • lasted from the appearance of man until the
    development of agriculture (farming)

15
  • Where are the oldest remains of humans found?

16
East Africa
17
Homo Sapiens
  • (Modern man) Emerged in Africa between 100,000
    and 400,000 years ago

18
How did geography affect the lives of early
humans?
19
  • Early humans were hunters and gatherers whose
    survival depended on the availability of wild
    plants and animals
  • They were nomadic (they migrated in search of
    food, water, and shelter).

20
  • They migrated from Africa to Eurasia, Australia,
    and the Americas

21
Migration Out of Africa
22
What were the characteristics of hunter-gatherer
societies during the Paleolithic era?
23
  • Because they followed herds of animals they lived
    in temporary shelters (caves and tents).


24
  • Spent most of their time hunting or gathering
    food and water necessary for survival.

25
  • Lived in clans (extended family groups)

26
Technology
  • The way people apply knowledge, tools, and
    inventions to meet their needs.


27
What technologies were developed during the
Paleolithic era?
28
  • simple tools and weapons (made of stone, wood,
    etc.)

29
  • oral (spoken) language

30
  • fire
  • clothes (from animal skins and grasses)

31
  • cave art

32
The Age of Cave Art
33
Neolithic Era8000 BCE to 3500 BCE
New Stone Age
  • period of time that began when people took up
    farming (the Agricultural Revolution) and ended
    with the advent of civilization.

34
  • Humans learned how to domesticate both plants and
    animals.

35
  • Domesticated (tamed) animals were penned or
    herded to provide a ready supply of meat, milk,
    fur,etc.

Domesticated pig
Wild boar
36
How did the beginning of agriculture and the
domestication of animals promote the rise of
settled communities?
37
  • People could settle in one place because they
    didnt have to search for food, water and
    shelter.

38
  • They built permanent dwellings and settled in
    small villages

39
  • They spent less time searching for food and had
    some 'spare time' in which to innovate and create
    new technologies.

40
Migration into the Fertile Crescent
41
What technologies were developed during the
Neolithic era?
42
  • agriculture
  • domesticated animals

43
advanced tools and weapons
44
pottery
45
weaving
46
How do we learn about prehistoric humans?
47
Archaeologists
  • Study past cultures by locating and analyzing
    human remains, settlements, fossils, and artifacts

48
Artifacts
  • Things made by people

49
  • Archaeologists apply scientific tests such as
    carbon dating to analyze fossils and artifacts.

50
  • Carbon 14 dating used to find the age of organic
    materials.

51
The Ice Man
52
What Neolithic sites are being studied by
archaeologists today?
53
TURKEY
Catal Hoyuk
Aleppo
FERTILE CRESCENT (in white)
Jericho
Aleppo and Jericho
  • Two of the worlds earliest cities located in the
    Fertile Crescent, a region in the Middle East
    with rich soil for farming.

54
Aleppo
Why did they build this city on top of a hill?
55
Jericho
Whats Jericho famous for?
56
Catalhoyuk
  • An example of a large Neolithic settlement
    currently under excavation in Anatolia (present-
    day Turkey)

57
Stonehenge
  • an example of an archaeological site located in
    England. It was begun during the Neolithic and
    completed during the Bronze Age.

58
Civilization
59
What is a civilization?
60
Civilization
  • A culture with cities, writing (record keeping),
    centralized government, complex religion,
    specialized workers, and advanced technology.

61
How and Why Did Civilizations Begin?
62
What is the key feature to the emergence of
civilization?
63
The growth of cities
64
What caused cities to grow?
65
Farming Technology
(better tools, plows, and irrigation) improved to
the point that in fertile areas people were able
to produce more food then they needed.
66
Agricultural Surplus
  • (extra food)

Caused population to grow and trade to develop
67
What were the characteristics of early
civilizations?
68
Characteristics of Early Civilizations
  • Cities

69
Written Language/Record keeping
  • Written language developed from pictures
  • Pictograms earliest written symbols

70
The Development of Writing
71
Centralized Governments
  • City-states, kingdoms, and empires
  • Power was often based on religious authority

72
Hereditary Rulers
  • Dynasties (ruling families) of Kings, Emperors or
    Pharaohs
  • Dynasty ruling family

73
Written Law Codes


Ten Commandments
  • Code of Hammurabi

74
Job Specialization
  • An abundant food supply allowed some people to
    become expert at jobs besides farming (artisans,
    scribes, and merchants)

75
Scribes
76
Rigid Class System
  • Very small upper class king, nobles, priests
  • Small middle class artisans, scribes, merchants
  • Huge lower class peasant farmers and laborers

king priests nobles
merchants artisans scribes
peasants
77
  • Slavery developed in most cultures

78
Polytheism
  • Belief in many gods
  • Practiced by most early civilizations

79
Temples
80
Metal Tools and Weapons
  • Bronze and iron

Egyptian Sword
81
  • The wheel and the sail allowed traders to
    transport more goods over longer distances.
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