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Lord of the Flies


Lord of the Flies – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lord of the Flies

Lord of the Flies
William Golding...
  • Goldings first and most successful novel, Lord
    of the Flies, was published in England in 1954
    but its popularity was not established until five
    years later when it appeared in paperback.

William Golding...
  • This book was followed by a series of other
    novels, each concerned in one way or another with
    the theme of mans capacity for evil The
    Inheritors, Free Fall and The Brass Butterfly.

Theme of Lord of the Flies.
  • The theme of Lord of the Flies is that humankind
    is inherently evil and needs the structure of
    civilization (laws and order) to control its
    natural tendencies.

A not too brief synopsis...
  • British schoolboys are stranded on an uninhabited
    island during a nuclear war. Ralph meets Piggy,
    a fat, bespectacled boy, and together they find a
    conch shell which Ralph uses as a trumpet.

A not too brief synopsis...
  • In response to the sound, other boys appear, some
    very small, none older than twelve, and finally a
    group dressed in choir robes and led by Jack

A not too brief synopsis...
  • Realizing that there are no adults, the boys
    attempt to organize their own society. Ralph is
    elected chief and Jack is given control of the
    choir who become his hunters.

A not too brief synopsis...
  • The division of labor is agreed upon Jack and
    his group will become hunters Ralph, aided by
    Simon, Piggy and the twins Samneric, will build
    huts and carry water

A not too brief synopsis...
  • Ralph and Piggy criticize Jack who responds by
    breaking Piggys glasses with a blow, and then
    boasts about the pig his hunters have slain.

A not too brief synopsis...
  • As the novel progresses, fear becomes a part of
    island life for the boys.
  • One of the fears is that there is an unexplained
    beast on the island.

A not too brief synopsis...
  • Laced with such fears, the power struggle between
    the two boys grows.
  • The boys become more and more fascinated with
    their savage side.

A not too brief synopsis...
  • By the end of the novel, the boys are offering
    sacrifices to the beast, Piggy and Simon are
    killed, and Ralph is being hunted by the group he
    once lead.

Information about Lord of the Flies
  • Even though humankind strives to create civilized
    societies, it will fail at doing so. Contrary to
    the belief that man is innocent and society evil,
    the story shows that laws and rules, policemen
    and schools are necessary to keep the darker side
    of human nature in line. When these institutions
    and concepts slip away, humankind reverts to
    being primitive.

  • Evil (the beast) is human, a part of human
    nature, not outside us.
  • Golding implies that the loss of innocence has
    little to do with age but is related to a
    person's understanding of human nature. It can
    happen at any age or not at all. Painful though
    it may be, this loss of innocence by coming to
    terms with reality is necessary if humanity is to

  • Fear of the unknown on the island revolves around
    the boys' terror of the beast. The recognition
    that no real beast exists, that there is only the
    power of fear, is one of the deepest meanings of
    the story.

Theyre the real thing
  • Golding establishes a sense of reality by his
    descriptions of the boys and by the language of
    their conversations with each other.
  • The boys have ordinary physical attributes and
    mannerisms of young boys. The group includes a
    variety of physical types short, tall, dark,
    light, freckled, tow-headed, etc.

...Theyre the real thing
  • To stress the universality of their later
    actions, Golding takes great pains to present the
    boys as normal. The littluns suck their
    thumbs, eat sloppily, etc., while the older ones
    roll about in the sand, stand on their heads, and

...Theyre the real thing
  • Even their unkindness to Piggy is credible, for
    children often display a natural cruelty to
    anyone they consider different or inferior.

Life among the savages
  • Even their metamorphosis from ordinary schoolboys
    into bloodthirsty savages seems likely, for
    Golding has taken their descent one step at a

Characters as symbols
  • Ralphcommon sense, and responsibility
  • Jackimmediate gratification and irresponsible
  • Piggyineffective intellectualism
  • Simonmystic, Religious side of man. Understands
    good and evil but cannot express it effectively.
  • Samnericincapable of acting independently. They
    represent loss of identity through fear of the

Characters as symbols
  • Dead parachutist the sign, evil developing on
    the island
  • Each of the characters represents a part of man.

...Characters as symbols
  • We all have good, evil, common sense,
    intelligence, a sense of nature within us.

Objects as symbols
  • Conch shell
  • law and order. The shell loses authority as
    anarchy grows. The conch fades in colour and
    value. Its power is destroyed with the fall of
  • Lord of the Flies
  • Refers to the head of the pig which Jack has left
    as an offering to the beast. Literal
    translation of the Beelzebub, prince of demons.
    Symbolizes mans capacity for evil

Objects as symbols
  • Huts
  • represent the desire to preserve civilization
    when Jack gains power they move into caves like
    the animals they have become.
  • Fire
  • its use divides civilization from savagery.
    Ralph uses it for hope Jack for cooking.
  • Fire contd
  • It is Jacks group that allows the fire (hope) to
    go out.
  • Fire also symbolizes mans potential for
    savagery, destroying the island completely, when
    uncontrolled, in the same way savagery consumes
    the boys as they hunt Ralph.

Objects as symbols
  • Piggys glasses
  • They signify mans ability to perceive, to think,
    and to see. They also symbolize how
    intelligence can be misused for destructive
    purposes when Piggys glasses are used to smoke
    Ralph out.
  • Night and Darkness
  • an archetypal symbol of evil, the powers of
    darkness. The boys would have recognized the
    parachutist in the daylight, as would they have
    Simon. The beast is more real at night.

Objects as symbols
  • Stick sharpened on both ends
  • Represents how much evil has taken the boys over.
    First it was used to offer the beast the pig
    sacrifice next to offer it Ralphs.
  • Face paint
  • The paint helps the boys hide from their own
    consciences, turning them into anonymous savages
    who are freed from the restraints of civilized

  • Jack, chief representative of evil in the
    novel, is too inhibited by societys teachings to
    teachings to slay the piglet the first day, he
    later progresses to exhilaration in his first

  • Eventually he comes to kill for the sheer thrill
    of slaughter rather than the need for meat, and
    this becomes the motive for hunting.

  • Ralph is a tall, blond twelve year old,
    establishes himself as the leader of the boys
    when he blows the conch shell to call the first
    assembly. Throughout the story, he struggles to
    maintain order and is forced to compete with Jack
    for respect.
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