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Rise of Militarism and WWII

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Title: Rise of Militarism and WWII Author: Cecilia Bonfante Last modified by: apah.bakerth Created Date: 4/20/2009 1:27:32 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Rise of Militarism and WWII


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World-Wide Depression and the Rise of Militarism
3
Key Terms
  • Totalitarianism
  • A form of government that controls every aspect
    of its citizens lives. Citizens have no rights.
    No opposition.
  • Fascism
  • Political philosophy that places the importance
    of the nation over the individual. Nationalism!
    Dictator!

4
  • Nationalism an extreme form of patriotism.
    Glorifying and increasing the influence of ones
    own country (often at the expense of others)
  • Militarism - Glorifying and building up your
    military. Using military force to promote your
    countries goals.

5
Communist Soviet Union Joseph Stalin
  • Create a sound communist state and wait for world
    revolution
  • Revolution by workers
  • State ownership of property

6
Stalins Plan
  • 2 Main goals
  • Raise agriculture production
  • Modernize industry
  • Five-Year Plan
  • Take private lands from farmers -
    collectivization
  • Those who refuse forced into hard labor in
    concentration camps
  • Export food for profit famine

7
The Great Purge
  • Secret police
  • Use of force against all other political parties
    and those who stood against him.

8
Difficulties in Germany
  • High debts from WWI
  • High unemployment
  • Massive inflation in the 1920s

9
Germany--Weimar Republic-1920s
  • The Weimar Republic
  • discredited in the eyes of the world AND Germany
  • Blame of communists, Jews and liberals for the
    problems of the Weimar Republic.
  • Treaty of Versailles
  • Political ExtremismCommunist and fascist and
    extreme nationalist
  • Economic disaster!
  • The people are looking for SALVATION

10
What is going on in this picture?
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Hitler Germany
  • Promised the people work and a stable government
  • Increased his power through force
  • Arrested enemies and opponents
  • Built up the armed forces

15
Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
  • Extreme nationalism and racism
  • Militaristic expansionism
  • Private property with strong government controls
  • Anticommunist

16
January 1933 Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany
17
The Nazi State 1933-1945
  • Total State control techniques
  • propaganda masters
  • mass demonstrations
  • rearmament of the military put everyone to
    work!
  • Retake land
  • SS control of police using terror based on Nazi
    ideology (secret police,camps execution and
    extermination)

18
Nazi PropagandaHitler Youth
19
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1935-1936 Germany remilitarizes
Hitler visits a factory and is enthusiastically
greeted. Many Germans were grateful for jobs
after the misery of he depression years.
21
1935-1936 Germany remilitarizes
  • Hitler announces new Air Force
  • Compulsory Military Service
  • Troops enter the Rhineland

League of Nations lodges a formal protest.
22
1938 German Anschluss with Austria
  • Hitler pressures the Austrian Government to join
    with Germany.
  • March troops cross border without opposition

League of Nations lodges a formal protest.
23
38
24
1939 Germany invades Czechoslovakia
  • Hitler claims that Germans need Lebensraum
    Living Space
  • Wants to join the Sudetenland of Southern
    Czechoslovakia with Germany threatens to invade

I Bring You Peace In Our Time!
  • British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain signs
    the Munich Pact September, 1938
  • Troops enter the Sudetenland

25
On March 15, 1939
  • Hitler invades the rest of Czechoslovakia

Britain and France warn them not to invade anyone
else
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Mussolini Il Duce Italy
  • Italy was plagued with
  • Poverty
  • Unemployment
  • social unrest
  • In 1919 Mussolini forms the Fascist party
  • Appointed prime minister in 1922

28
Fascist Italy Benito Mussolini
  • Extreme nationalism
  • Militaristic expansionism
  • Charismatic leader
  • Private property with strong government controls
  • Anticommunist

29
What did he do once in power?
  • Suspended elections
  • Banned labor unions
  • Outlawed opposing political parties
  • Censored the press
  • Employed spies and secret police

30
1935 Italy Invades Ethiopia
  • Ethiopian Forces cannot stop the invasion
  • Ethiopia Annexed
  • Rome-Berlin Axis formed

League of Nations imposes trade sanctions on
Italy. U.S. refuses to do so
31
1936-1939 Spanish Civil War
  • Francisco Franco leads a military rebellion in
    Spain
  • Italy and Germany send supplies, weapons and
    troops
  • Franco wins and sets up a totalitarian
    dictatorship

32
Some U.S. volunteers fight but congress passes
Neutrality Acts keeping the U.S. from getting
involved
33
Other faces
Francisco Franco Spain Fascist Dictatorship
Hideki Tojo Japan Imperialist Military Regime
34
1937 Japanese troops massacre civilians in Nanjing
Roosevelt calls for quarantine against
aggressive nations like Japan
  • Japanese army invades Nanjing
  • 300,000 dead
  • 20,000 women raped
  • Rape of Nanjing

Japan invades Vietnam, Formosa, Korea, much of
China and several Pacific Islands
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