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National Government I will: Discuss the benefits of living in a democratic society and the importance of voting. Know how a government is elected and run. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: National%20Government

National Government
  • I will
  • Discuss the benefits of living in a democratic
    society and the importance of voting.
  • Know how a government is elected and run.
  • Understand how Parliament functions.

Can you match the name, the face and the
political party?
Ming Campbell
Tony Blair
David Cameron
1. What is a democracy? 2. How are MPs elected?
3. What is a political party? 4. How does a political party become government?
5. What do MPs do in the House of Commons? 6. What is the job of the House of Lords?
7. What are the duties of the government? 8. What does the PM do?
9. What is the job of the opposition? 10. What is the Cabinet and how is it chosen?
11. What are the three main political parties? 12. Who is the PM and to what political party does he belong?
  • A democratic system of government is where the
    people choose representatives (MPs) to run the
  • In the UK we live in a democratic society. We
    elect governments every 5 years or so.
  • If we do not like the decision that a government
    is making then we get the chance to kick them out
    at the next General Election. This helps keep the
    Governments power in check.
  • Democracy is about more than voting in a
    democratic society, people can speak out, or
    protest if they want something changed.

  • Who cant vote
  • Anyone under 18.
  • Members of the House of Lords.
  • Church of England bishops and archbishops.
  • Prisoners serving a sentence for a criminal
  • Those with learning disabilities or a mental
    illness that the authorities believe prevents
    them from making a reasoned judgement on the day
    of the election.
  • Who can vote
  • People who are 18 or over.
  • Citizens of the UK, the Commonwealth, or a
    European Union member state.
  • People whos name is on the electoral register.

Why is voting important?
Voting at 16?
  • In 1969 the voting age in Britain was lowered
    from 21 to 18. It is now being suggested that it
    should be further reduced to 16. Here are some
    views about this. Sort them in to for or against.

The opinions of teenagers may be too easily
influenced by others.
If 16 year olds can smoke, work and get married
then why should they not be able to vote?
Teenagers dont have the maturity to use the vote
The numbers of young people who have taken part
in demonstrations shows that many young people
are interested in politics.
16 year olds have as much right to have their say
and be listened to as anyone.
Young people do not show enough interest in
politics and so should not be allowed to vote.
16 year olds have to live in the country so why
should they not be able to have their say in how
it is run.
Against voting at 16
For voting at 16
How are MPs Elected?
  • In the General Election the UK is divided up into
  • The voters in each constituency elect one person
    to become their Member of Parliament (MP).
  • MPs represent the people of the constituency in
    Parliament. They represent all of the people not
    just the ones that voted for them.
  • On election day the voters go to a polling
    station. They are given a ballot paper with the
    names of the candidates written on it. They take
    the paper to a polling booth and they put an x
    next to the candidate they are voting for and put
    their ballot paper in a box.
  • People can now vote by post.
  • After the voting has been closed the ballot
    papers are counted. The candidate with the most
    votes becomes the MP.
  • People have to be 0ver 21 in order to stand as a
    candidate in a general election.

Political Parties
  • Most MPs belong to political parties.
  • Political parties are organisations of (usually)
    like minded people. They have a set of views
    about how the country should be run. Political
    parties have a leader and members.
  • The political party with the most MPs forms the
    government. The leader of the political party
    becomes the Prime Minister.
  • There are three main political parties in
  • Labour
  • Conservatives
  • Liberal Democrats
  • The political party with the second largest
    number of MPs forms the official Opposition.
  • The job of the opposition is to criticise and
    challenge the government to ensure it does a good
    job, is not corrupt and does not do things that
    harm the citizens.

The Houses of Parliament (in Westminster. London)
are made up of
  • The House of Commons
  • In the House of Commons MPs.
  • Make laws
  • Examine the work of the Government by asking
    questions and having debates.
  • Keep a check on government spending.
  • Represent their constituencies and the interests
    of their people.
  • The House of Lords
  • The job of the House of Lords is to
  • Check on the House of Commons and make sure laws
    are not rushed.
  • Criticise the government if it thinks that it has
    become to powerful.
  • Hold debates on important issues.

The Duties of the Government
  • To protect citizens and keep them safe.
  • To look after the welfare of citizens.
  • To watch over the employment of citizens.
  • To look after the environment.
  • To run the economy.

The Prime Minister
  • Leads government and directs government policy.
  • Chooses Cabinet Ministers and chairs the Cabinet.
  • Is the head of the armed forces.
  • Appoints senior judges and archbishops in the
    Church of England.
  • Represents the nation in international affairs.

The Cabinet
  • The PM chooses a group of MPs to help run the
    country. This group is called the Cabinet.
  • The Cabinet are the most important MPs. They get
    put in charge of the big departments such as
  • The Foreign Office (relations with other
  • The Home Office (law and order, police and
  • Health (hospitals, doctors and nurses)
  • Members of the Cabinet become The Minister for
  • The Cabinet works with the PM to decide the
    governments major policies.

My Cabinet
  • Create your own cabinet.
  • Your cabinet ministers should be celebrities.
  • Use your imagination to create the departments
    that your celebrities will be minister of.