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Medieval Quiz

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Title: Middle Ages - Crusades Author: rory.gregory Last modified by: Owner Created Date: 10/26/2009 2:34:40 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medieval Quiz


1
Medieval Quiz Use your cards.
  • 1. T or F The Roman Catholic Church allowed
    freedom of worship for all religions.
  • 2. T or F In 1054 A.D., the Christianity split
    into two branches Catholic and Orthodox.
  • 3. T or F The Pope would reward nobles for
    their loyalty with excommunication.
  • 4. T or F Heresy was crimes in feudalism
  • 5. T or F The Roman Catholic Church was the
    single unifying force in Medieval Europe.
  • 6. T or F Heretics were often given trials
    with a jury of their peers.
  • 7. T or F The Church baptised, married, and
    buried Europeans.
  • 8. T or F Feudalism was a system in which
    kings gave lords land (fiefs) in exchange for
    loyalty and services.
  • 9. T or F Manorialism was a system in which
    peasants and serfs worked the Lords land in
    exchange for protection.

2
Middle Ages The Crusades God Wills It!
3
Introduction
  • Crusades were military expeditions sent by the
    Pope to capture the Holy Land from people called
    Muslim Turks.
  • The Empire of the Turks included Palestine, the
    land where Christ was born.
  • Several crusades (9 officially) between 1096 and
    1291 failed to win the Holy Land, but
    nevertheless had important results for the people
    of Western Europe.

4
The Crusades 1. Defintion 2. Was the goal
achieved?
  • Causes
  • Effects

5
(No Transcript)
6
Cause
  • Muslim Turks captured Jerusalem and neighboring
    lands from the Byzantine Empire.
  • Pilgrims, people on religious journeys, traveled
    to the Holy Land.
  • Byzantine Empire said they were being attacked.

7
Cause
  • Pope Urban II called a meeting of churchmen and
    feudal lords in 1095 A.D.
  • Knights defeat the Turks.
  • Feudal lords will stop fighting each other.
  • Increase his power and influence.
  • God wills it!

8
Cause
  • Feudal lords had several reasons for going to the
    Holy Land.
  • Religious duty.
  • Gain wealth and land.
  • Adventure Hero.
  • God wills it!

9
Cause
  • Merchants, especially those from the Italian port
    cities of Venice and Genoa, backed the plans of
    the crusaders.
  • Provided ships.
  • Merchants hoped for increase in trade.
  • God wills it!

10
First Crusade 1096 -1099 AD
  • Preachers convinced peasants to crusade, but most
    died.
  • Knights reached the Holy Land and captured
    Jerusalem.
  • God wills it!

11
Second Crusade 1147-1149 AD
  • Most Christians returned to Europe after the
    First Crusade.
  • Muslim Turks won back some land.
  • Kings of France and Germany were defeated.
  • God wills it!

12
Third Crusade 1189-1192 AD
  • Began when Jerusalem was recaptured by Muslim
    Turks.
  • Led by King Richard the Lion-Hearted of England,
    crusaders convinced the Turks to allow Christian
    pilgrims free travel.
  • God wills it!

13
Last 6 Crusades
  • Little or no success.
  • Childrens crusade.
  • 30,000 young crusaders never reached the Holy
    Land and few ever returned home safely.
  • God wills it!

14
Results of the Crusades
  • The Holy Land remained under Muslim Turk control.
  • Europeans learned how to build better ships and
    draw better maps.
  • Trade increased between Western Europe and Asia
    re-opening old trade routes.
  • Towns and cities grew
  • Jobs increased
  • People became richer
  • Middle Class grew
  • Black Death 1347 to 1351 killed 1/3 Europeans
    killed
  • The power of feudal lords declined as many lords
    were killed in battle while others spent all
    their money on military supplies and equipment.
  • Kings powers increased.
  • Peasants and Serfs became left fiefs and demanded
    more money
  • The desire to travel increased among Europeans.

15
Essential Questions
  • 1. What were the Crusades?
  • 1. Crusades were military expeditions from 1096
    to 1272 A.D. to recapture the Holy Land from
    Muslim control.
  • 2. What caused the Crusades?
  • 2. The crusades began when Muslims took control
    of the Holy Land, Pope Urban II called for the
    recapture of the Holy Land, Lords wanted more
    power, the Pope wanted more power for the Church,
    Italian Merchants wanted increased trade.
  • 3. What occurred during the Crusades?
  • 3. First Crusade Knights took control of
    Jerusalem, Second Crusade Muslims gained back
    land and some nobles returned home, Third Crusade
    Muslims gained back land, but Pilgrims were
    allowed safe travel, remaining Crusades had
    limited success.
  • 4. What were the effects of the Crusades?
  • 4. Several effects of the Crusades were Holy
    Land remained under Muslim control, the Feudal
    system changed with the Lords losing power to
    Kings, trade and towns grew, map and ship making
    got better, travel increased.

16
The Crusades Game
  • The class will be divided into 6 teams. Each
    team will be a group of crusaders who will follow
    a route to the Holy Land.
  • Since the Crusaders failed to permanently conquer
    the Holy Land, the losers of this game will be
    the teams who reach the Holy Land first.
  • These teams will lose because they will have been
    defeated in battle by the powerful Muslim Turks.
    The team the least spaces will be the winner
    because it successfully avoided battle with the
    Turks.
  • The game begins when the teacher asks a question
    about the Crusades.
  • Look for answers on your notes. Answers will be
    written on the dry-erase board. Correct answers
    will result in spaces remaining blank.
  • Incorrect answers will have a space crossed out.
    The team with the least amount of spaces marked
    off is the winner!

17
Independent Activity
  • A simile is a comparison of two different objects
    using like or as.
  • Jake is as wise as an owl.
  • He laughs like a monkey.
  • A big as an ox.
  • As fast as a cheetah
  • As slow as a snail.
  • A metaphor is a word or phrase used to take on a
    meaning of an object or idea to show comparison.
  • He has a heart of stone.
  • Time is money.
  • A blanket of snow covered the streets.
  • My memory is a little cloudy.
  • Life is a rollercoster.

18
Directions
  • Design a visual metaphor or simile about the
    Crusades.
  • Include the following
  • Those involved in the Crusades
  • What the sides are fighting for/over
  • Winners and Losers
  • Several causes of the Crusades
  • Several effects of the Crusades

19
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20
  • 1. Explain the term you heard God wills it!
    Why do you think it was used so often?
  • 2. Were the Crusades justified or an example of
    an abuse of power?
  • 3. Determine if the Crusades were a failure, a
    success or both?
  • Answer one of the questions using a complete
    sentence in at least one paragraph.
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