What happens if the media (or elements within it) lies to the American people? What does Sullivan v. NY Times tell us? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: What happens if the media (or elements within it) lies to the American people? What does Sullivan v. NY Times tell us?


1
What happens if the media (or elements within it)
lies to the American people?What does Sullivan
v. NY Times tell us?
2
Media Regulation
  • As the amount of media in the U.S. has increased
    (types and outlets), the amount of regulation of
    the media has decreased.
  • Can you explain why?

3
Media Regulations The Basics
  • Overriding Principal
  • Congress shall make no lawabridging the freedom
    of speech, or of the press
  • - 1st Amendment
  • Print media is exempt from most regulations.
  • Electronic media is not.
  • Airwaves are public property leased out by the
    government.
  • Government control frequencies and channels to
    prevent jamming

4
Sample Regulations
  • Print and Electronic
  • Libel False written statements or statements
    tending to call someones reputation into
    disrepute. NY Times v. Sullivan
  • Slander Untrue spoken statements that defame
    the character of a person.
  • National Security censorship The government has
    been allowed to regulate news coverage of
    security sensitive issues. (case by case basis
    Vietnam v. Operation Iraqi Freedom)
  • Electronic only
  • Equal Time Rule Broadcast stations must sell
    airtime equally to all political candidates, if
    they sell any.
  • Fairness Doctrine (1949-1985) Required
    broadcasters to be fair in their coverage of
    news events. Abolished because of the diversity
    that exist naturally due to the increase in media
    outlets.

5
Content Regulation
  • Federal Communications Commission The
    regulatory agency of electronic communications.
  • Sample Regulations of public airwaves
  • Obscene content is completely banned.
  • Indecent and profane content cannot be aired
    between 600 a.m. and 1000 p.m.
  • H.R. 310 (Janet Jackson law) To increase
    penalties for violations by television and radio
    broadcasters of the prohibitions against
    transmission of obscene, indecent, and profane
    material, and for other purposes (up to
    500,000.00)

6
Business Regulation
  • For years, anti-trust laws were used to prevent
    or break up media monopolies (Ex. Ma Bell)
  • Regulations actually decreased competition
    creating baby Bells in various
    telecommunications and media areas.
  • 1996 Telecommunications Act deregulated whole
    segments of electronic media in hopes of
    stimulating competition.
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What happens if the media (or elements within it) lies to the American people? What does Sullivan v. NY Times tell us?

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Title: What happens if the media (or elements within it) lies to the American people? What does Sullivan v. NY Times tell us?


1
What happens if the media (or elements within it)
lies to the American people?What does Sullivan
v. NY Times tell us?
2
Media Regulation
  • As the amount of media in the U.S. has increased
    (types and outlets), the amount of regulation of
    the media has decreased.
  • Can you explain why?

3
Media Regulations The Basics
  • Overriding Principal
  • Congress shall make no lawabridging the freedom
    of speech, or of the press
  • - 1st Amendment
  • Print media is exempt from most regulations.
  • Electronic media is not.
  • Airwaves are public property leased out by the
    government.
  • Government control frequencies and channels to
    prevent jamming

4
Sample Regulations
  • Print and Electronic
  • Libel False written statements or statements
    tending to call someones reputation into
    disrepute. NY Times v. Sullivan
  • Slander Untrue spoken statements that defame
    the character of a person.
  • National Security censorship The government has
    been allowed to regulate news coverage of
    security sensitive issues. (case by case basis
    Vietnam v. Operation Iraqi Freedom)
  • Electronic only
  • Equal Time Rule Broadcast stations must sell
    airtime equally to all political candidates, if
    they sell any.
  • Fairness Doctrine (1949-1985) Required
    broadcasters to be fair in their coverage of
    news events. Abolished because of the diversity
    that exist naturally due to the increase in media
    outlets.

5
Content Regulation
  • Federal Communications Commission The
    regulatory agency of electronic communications.
  • Sample Regulations of public airwaves
  • Obscene content is completely banned.
  • Indecent and profane content cannot be aired
    between 600 a.m. and 1000 p.m.
  • H.R. 310 (Janet Jackson law) To increase
    penalties for violations by television and radio
    broadcasters of the prohibitions against
    transmission of obscene, indecent, and profane
    material, and for other purposes (up to
    500,000.00)

6
Business Regulation
  • For years, anti-trust laws were used to prevent
    or break up media monopolies (Ex. Ma Bell)
  • Regulations actually decreased competition
    creating baby Bells in various
    telecommunications and media areas.
  • 1996 Telecommunications Act deregulated whole
    segments of electronic media in hopes of
    stimulating competition.
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