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The US News New Best Global Universities ranking by subject

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Title: U.S News & World Report STEM-INAR Author: masonm Last modified by: Przemys aw Siwi ski Created Date: 3/20/2014 4:11:20 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The US News New Best Global Universities ranking by subject


1
The US News New Best Global Universities ranking
by subject main assumptions and analysis of
first results
  • Robert J. Morse, Chief Data Strategist
  • U.S. News World Report
  • A Road to Academic Excellence - Russian
    Universities
  • in Rankings by Subject
  • Moscow, Russia / April 9. 2015

2
  • About U.S. News World Report
  • For 80 years, U.S. News World Report has been a
    publisher of news and information that empowers
    people to make better, more informed decisions
    about important issues affecting their lives.
    The U.S. News team has been ranking higher
    education institutions in the U.S. for more than
    30 years.

3
  • Other rankings
  • U.S. News has become the authoritative leader and
    credible source for data, rankings and research
    across many different products and resources.

4
U.S. News Academic Rankings and Data
ProjectsMost recent 12 months in 2014 2015
  • Best High Schools Best STEM High Schools April
    2014
  • Best Online Programs for Military Veterans May
    2014
  • Community Colleges Directory and Search June
    2014
  • Best Colleges September 2014
  • Best Colleges for Military Veterans September
    2014
  • Best Global Universities- 10/28/2014
  • Arab Region Universities Rankings 11/4/2014
  • Best Online Programs January 2015
  • Best Graduate Schools March 2015

5
Record Traffic and Exposure on Education section
at www.usnews.com
  • Best Colleges launch (September 9, 2014)
  • 1.47 million unique visitors 13.6 million page
    views to the Education section
  • Traffic up 2x over launch in September 2012
  • Full Year 2014
  • the Education section on USNWR.com had generated
    over 63 Million unique visitors and 460 Million
    page views 
  • Best Global Universities received 7.4 million PVs
    from over 1 million unique visitors in Q4 2014
  • March 2015 50 million page views 7 million
    unique visitors

6
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ
  • Inaugural U.S. News Best Global Universities
    rankings launched on www.usnews.com on October
    28, 2014.
  • The Best Global Universities rankings are powered
    by data from Thomson Reuters InCitesTM research
    analytics solutions.

7

Best Global Universities rankings Why is U.S.
News doing them?
  •  U.S. News started publishing the Best
    Colleges rankings more than 30 years ago which
    spawned national and global rankings. Natural
    extension for U.S. News to do a global ranking.
  • The Best Global Universities rankings can help
    put global trends into context
  • Large number of students exploring options
    outside their own borders.
  • Universities are competing globally for best
    students, faculty and research dollars
  • Give prospective students the tools to
    accurately compare universities globally,
    regionally and within their own country, as well
    as by field of study.
  •  

8
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ
  • Weights and ranking factors were developed by
    U.S. News
  • Methodology focused on institutions research
    performance using 10 factors global and regional
    reputation, bibliometric indicators and school
    level data

9
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ
  • The first step in producing these rankings
    involved creating?????????????????????????????????
    ????? ?a pool of 750 universities that was used
    to rank the top 500 schools. To be included in
    the 750
  • Institution had to first be among the top
    200 universities in the results of Thomson
    Reuters' global reputation survey.
  • Next, an institution had to be among those that
    had published the most total number of ?articles
    during the 2008-2012 recent five years using
    Thomson Reuters Web of Science , de-duplicated
    with the top 200 from the reputation survey.
  • This meant that any stand-alone graduate schools,
    including the Rockefeller Institute of New York
    and University of CaliforniaSan Francisco, were
    eligible to be ranked and were included in the
    ranking universe.

10
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ
  • Best Global Universities rankings include
  • Top 500 Universities worldwide in 49 countries
  • Four regional rankings - Asia, Australia/New
    Zealand, Europe and Latin America 
  • 11 country rankings  of the top institutions in
     Canada, China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan,
    the Netherlands, South Korea, Spain, Sweden and
    the United Kingdom
  • Top 100 universities in 21 subjects in such key
    fields as chemistry, clinical medicine, computer
    science, economics and business, engineering, envi
    ronment/ecology, mathematics and physics. 

11
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ

12
  • Best Global Universities -- Countries

13
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • The 10 ranking factors and weights used in
    overall Best Global Universities rankings.

Ranking indicator  Weight
Global research reputation 12.5
Regional research reputation  12.5
Publications 12.5
Normalized citation impact    10
Total citations  10
Number of publications that are among the 10 percent most cited 12.5
Percentage of total publications that are among the 10 percent most cited 10
Number of Ph.D.s awarded   5
Number of Ph.D.s awarded per academic staff member   5
14
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Best Global Universities
  • Best Global Universities -The Top 20

2015 Best Global Top 500 Universities 2015 Best Global Top 500 Universities 2015 Best Global Top 500 Universities 2015 Best Global Top 500 Universities
Name Country Region Overall Rank
Harvard University United States North America 1
Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States North America 2
University of California--Berkeley United States North America 3
Stanford University United States North America 4
University of Oxford United Kingdom Europe 5
University of Cambridge United Kingdom Europe 6
California Institute of Technology United States North America 7
University of California--Los Angeles United States North America 8
University of Chicago United States North America 9
Columbia University United States North America 10
Johns Hopkins University United States North America 11
Imperial College London United Kingdom Europe 12
Princeton University United States North America 13
University of Michigan United States North America 14
University of Toronto Canada North America 14
University of Washington United States North America 14
Yale University United States North America 17
University of California--San Diego United States North America 18
University of Pennsylvania United States North America 19
Duke University United States North America 20
15
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ
  • Top 11 countries account for 77 percent of the
    Top 500

2015 Best Global Universities Rankings Country Counts 2015 Best Global Universities Rankings Country Counts 2015 Best Global Universities Rankings Country Counts
Country Number of universities in top 500 Percent of universities in top 500
U.?S. 134 26.8
Germany 42 8.4
United Kingdom 38 7.6
China 27 5.4
Italy 23 4.6
France 22 4.4
Australia 19 3.8
Canada 19 3.8
Japan 17 3.4
Netherlands 13 2.6
Spain 12 2.4
South Korea 11 2.2
Sweden 10 2.0
16
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ

2015 Best Global Country Counts by Country in Top 500 Subject Rankings 2015 Best Global Country Counts by Country in Top 500 Subject Rankings 2015 Best Global Country Counts by Country in Top 500 Subject Rankings
Country Number of Universities in Top 500 Number of Universities in Top 500 and Subjects
Denmark 4 6
Greece 4 5
India 4 4
New Zealand 4 4
Norway 4 4
Portugal 4 4
South Africa 4 5
Czech Republic 3 3
Iran 3 4
Ireland 3 3
Chile 2 2
Poland 2 2
Russian Federation 2 2
Singapore 2 3
Argentina 1 1
Croatia 1 1
17
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Methodology used to determine and rank the 21
    Subjects
  • The Thomson Reuters Essential Science Indicators
    schema is the organization structure that is used
    for the Best Global Universities Subject
    Rankings.
  • Essential Science Indicators comprises 22 subject
    areas in science and social sciences and is based
    on journal assignments.
  • Essential Science Indicators uses the Web of
    Sciences 12,000 journals.

18
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Methodology used to determine and rank the 21
    Subjects
  • Arts Humanities journals are not included in
    the Essential Science Indicators
  • Each journal is found in only one of the 22
    subject areas and there is no overlap between
    categories which can facilitate a simpler
    analysis.
  • U.S News did not rank one of the 22 Essential
    Science Indicator subject fields
    Multidisciplinary

19
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • The 21 subjects in the Best Global Universities
    Subject rankings
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Biology Biochemistry
  • Chemistry
  • Clinical Medicine
  • Computer Science
  • Environment/Ecology
  • Economics Business
  • Engineering
  • Geosciences
  • Immunology
  • Material Sciences
  • Mathematics
  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology Genetics
  • Neuroscience Behavior
  • Pharmacology Toxicology
  • Physics
  • Plant Animal Science

20
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Methodology used to determine and rank the 21
    Subjects
  • The next step in producing the Best Global
    Universities Subject rankings was to create the
    universe of universities to determine the top 100
    in each of the 21 subject fields.
  • The top 250 universities that had published the
    most papers in that subject area in the 2008-2012
    time period were included in the ranking universe
    for each subject area.

21
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Methodology used to determine and rank the 21
    Subjects
  • As a result, there were many cases when an
    institution that had a strong focus on a certain
    subject was ranked in the top 100 in a subject
    ranking but was excluded from the overall Best
    Global Universities rankings encompassing the top
    500 universities worldwide.
  • In total, there were 59 universities and one
    country, Romania, that were in the subject
    rankings but not the overall top 500 rankings.

22
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Methodology used to determine and rank the 21
    Subjects
  • U.S. News tailored the subject ranking
    methodology to the different publication
    characteristics of the soft sciences and
    mathematics compared with the hard sciences.
  • The soft sciences are computer science economics
    and business engineering and social sciences
    and public health in addition to math all others
    are hard sciences.
  • School-level data on number of Ph.D.s awarded and
    number of faculty were not available at the
    subject level and therefore not included in the
    subject rankings methodology.

23
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Methodology used to determine and rank the 21
    Subjects
  • The use of citation analysis within the hard
    sciences is well established.
  • However, in the soft sciences the relationship
    between citations and performance is less clear.
    There are a number of reasons for this.
  • First, unlike the hard sciences, journal articles
    are often not the main method of communication of
    research, and citation rates to the articles may
    be low.
  • Second, in the social sciences and economics and
    business, when a scholar cites another work, it
    is frequently a point of debate or discussion.
  • This is in contrast to the hard sciences, where
    the reason for citing another work is usually one
    of utility or influence.

24
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Methodology used to rank the 21 Subjects The
    soft sciences are computer science economics and
    business engineering and social sciences and
    public health in addition to math all others are
    hard sciences.

Ranking indicator Weights used for soft sciences Weights used forhard sciences
Global research reputation 12.5 12.5
Regional research reputation 12.5 12.5
Publications 17.5 15
Normalized citation impact 7.5 10
Total citations  12.5 15
Number of highly cited papers -top 10 most cited 17.5 15
Percentage of highly cited papers in top 10 most cited 10 10
International collaboration  10 10
25
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ

2015 Best Global Ranking Indicators and Weights Used 2015 Best Global Ranking Indicators and Weights Used 2015 Best Global Ranking Indicators and Weights Used 2015 Best Global Ranking Indicators and Weights Used 2015 Best Global Ranking Indicators and Weights Used 2015 Best Global Ranking Indicators and Weights Used 2015 Best Global Ranking Indicators and Weights Used 2015 Best Global Ranking Indicators and Weights Used 2015 Best Global Ranking Indicators and Weights Used 2015 Best Global Ranking Indicators and Weights Used 2015 Best Global Ranking Indicators and Weights Used 2015 Best Global Ranking Indicators and Weights Used
  Papers Citations Research Power of Documents in top 10 Percent of Documents in Top 10 International collaboration (relative to country) Global Reputation Local Reputation of PhD's awarded PhD Awarded to Faculty Ratio Total
Overall 12.5 10 10 12.5 10 10 12.5 12.5 5 5 100
Agricultural Sciences 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Biology Biochemistry 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Chemistry 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Clinical Medicine 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Computer Science 17.5 7.5 12.5 17.5 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Environment/Ecology 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Economics Business 17.5 7.5 12.5 17.5 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Engineering 17.5 7.5 12.5 17.5 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Geosciences 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Immunology 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Material Sciences 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Mathematics 17.5 7.5 12.5 17.5 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Microbiology 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Molecular Biology Genetics 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Neuroscience Behavior 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Pharmacology Toxicology 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Physics 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Plant Animal Science 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Psychology/Psychiatry 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Social Sciences and Public Health 17.5 7.5 12.5 17.5 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
Space Science 15 10 15 15 10 10 12.5 12.5 X X 100
26
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Methodology used to determine and rank the 21
    Subjects
  • To arrive at a school's rank in each of the 21
    subjects, the subject ?scores were calculated
    using a combination of the weights and z-scores
    for each of the eight indicators used in each
    subject ranking.
  • In statistics, a z-score is a standardized score
    that indicates how many standard deviations a
    data point is from the mean of that variable.
  • This transformation of the data is essential when
    combining diverse information into a single
    ranking because it allows for fair comparisons
    between the different types of data.

27
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Methodology used to determine and rank the 21
    Subjects
  • Several of the indicators were highly skewed, so
    the logs of the original values were used. These
    indicators that were logged were
  • Publications
  • Total citations
  • Number of publications that are among the 10
    percent most cited
  • Global research reputation
  • Regional research reputation
  • This log manipulation rescaled the data and
    allowed for a more normalized and uniform spread
    across each of the indicators.

28
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Methodology used to determine and rank the 21
    Subjects
  • In order to calculate a school's subject score,
    the calculated z-scores for each of the eight
    indicators were weighted using the weights
    described earlier.
  • U.S. News determined the weights based on our
    judgment of the relative importance of the
    ranking factors and in consultation with
    bibliometric experts.
  • The subject score was calculated by summing the
    school's weighted values for the eight indicators
    in that subject. The minimum score from the pool
    of 250 schools was then subtracted from each of
    the scores in order to make zero the lowest
    possible score.

29
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • Methodology used to determine and rank the 21
    Subjects
  • The scores were then rescaled by multiplying the
    ratio between the overall performance of each
    university in that subject and the
    highest-performing university by 100. This forced
    the scores to fall on a 0-100 scale, with the
    highest-performing school earning a subject score
    of 100.
  • The 250 schools in each of the 21 subject areas
    were then numerically ranked in descending order
    from 1 to 250 based ??????????????????????????????
    ?on their weighted subject score. Each school's
    subject score was rounded to one decimal place in
    order to increase variance between scores and to
    minimize the occurrence of ties. U.S. News
    published the top 100 ranked schools in each
    subject.

30
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ

Best Global Top Ranked Universities in the 21 Subjects Best Global Top Ranked Universities in the 21 Subjects Best Global Top Ranked Universities in the 21 Subjects
Subject University Name Country
Agricultural Sciences Wageningen University and Research Center Netherlands
Biology Biochemistry Harvard University United States
Chemistry University of California--Berkeley United States
Clinical Medicine Harvard University United States
Computer Science Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
Economics Business Harvard University United States
Engineering Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
Environment/Ecology University of California--Berkeley United States
Geosciences California Institute of Technology United States
Immunology Harvard University United States
Material Sciences Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
Mathematics University of California--Berkeley United States
Microbiology Harvard University United States
Molecular Biology Genetics Harvard University United States
Neuroscience Behavior Harvard University United States
Pharmacology Toxicology Harvard University United States
Physics Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
Plant Animal Science Cornell University United States
Psychiatry/Psychology Harvard University United States
Social Sciences and Public Health Harvard University United States
Space Science California Institute of Technology United States
31
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ
  • Top Countries in 21 Subject Rankings

2015 Country Counts for Best Global Universities Subject Rankings 2015 Country Counts for Best Global Universities Subject Rankings 2015 Country Counts for Best Global Universities Subject Rankings
Country Number of Schools Ranked in Subjects Percent of Schools Ranked in Subjects
United States 838 39.90
United Kingdom 204 9.71
China 110 5.24
Germany 108 5.14
Canada 90 4.29
Netherlands 88 4.19
Australia 84 4.00
France 69 3.29
Japan 67 3.19
Switzerland 62 2.95
Sweden 46 2.19
Spain 37 1.76
Hong Kong 35 1.67
Italy 31 1.48
South Korea 31 1.48
Belgium 27 1.29
Denmark 27 1.29
Taiwan 22 1.05
Singapore 20 0.95
Israel 17 0.81
32
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ

2015 Country Counts for Best Global Universities Subject Rankings 2015 Country Counts for Best Global Universities Subject Rankings 2015 Country Counts for Best Global Universities Subject Rankings
Country Number of Schools Ranked in Subjects Percent of Schools Ranked in Subjects
Israel 17 0.81
Brazil 13 0.62
Finland 13 0.62
South Africa 8 0.38
Austria 7 0.33
Norway 7 0.33
Iran 6 0.29
Portugal 5 0.24
Ireland 4 0.19
Czech Republic 3 0.14
India 3 0.14
Russian Federation 3 0.14
Greece 2 0.10
Malaysia 2 0.10
New Zealand 2 0.10
Saudi Arabia 2 0.10
Thailand 2 0.10
Mexico 1 0.05
Poland 1 0.05
Romania 1 0.05
Serbia 1 0.05
Turkey 1 0.05
     
Total 2100 100
33
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ
  • Top Universities by Subject

2015 Best Global Most Ranked Universities in the 21 Subjects 2015 Best Global Most Ranked Universities in the 21 Subjects
University Total Rankings
Harvard University 21
University of Toronto 21
University of Wisconsin--Madison 21
Cornell University 20
Imperial College London 20
Stanford University 20
University of California--Davis 20
University of California--Los Angeles 20
University of California--San Diego 20
University of Cambridge 20
University of Michigan 20
University of Minnesota--Twin Cities 20
University of Oxford 20
University of Washington 20
University of British Columbia 19
University of California--Berkeley 19
Columbia University 18
Ohio State University 18
University of Tokyo 18
Massachusetts Institute of Technology 17
Pennsylvania State University 17
University of Chicago 17
University of Florida 17
University of Manchester 17
Yale University 17
34
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ

2015 Best Global Most Ranked Universities in Russia 2015 Best Global Most Ranked Universities in Russia
University Rankings
Lomonosov Moscow State University 196
Saint Petersburg State University 433
35
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ

36
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ

37
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ

38
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ

39
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ

40
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ

41
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ
  • Plans that are being considered for the next U.S.
    News Best Global Universities rankings to be
    published in 2015
  • Expand the number of universities that are being
    ranked overall and in each subject area.
  • Adding more granular subjects that are currently
    parts of the 21 broader subject areas

42
  • Best Global Universities rankings
  • FAQ
  • Thoughts to consider about improving or becoming
    ranked in the U.S. News Best Global Universities
    rankings
  • International collaboration on papers
  • Publish in the peer reviewed journals that are
    included/indexed in the Thomson Reuters Web of
    Science so number of publications reaches
    threshold number to part of ranking universe
  • Become more visible globally
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