Chapter 9 The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Chapter 9 The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 770a65-MDY1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Chapter 9 The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy

Description:

Chapter 9 The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy To Accompany Comprehensive, Alternate, and Texas Editions American Government: Roots and Reform, 10th edition – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:176
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 25
Provided by: Alix49
Learn more at: http://www.stjoe.k12.in.us
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Chapter 9 The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy


1
Chapter 9 The Executive Branch and the Federal
Bureaucracy
?
To Accompany Comprehensive, Alternate, and Texas
Editions American Government Roots and Reform,
10th edition Karen OConnor and Larry J. Sabato ?
Pearson Education, 2009
2
The Roots of Bureaucracy
  • Foreign Affairs, War, Treasury first
    departments, AND Office of Attorney General(legal
    advisor)
  • Growth in early 1800s with Post Office due to
    westward expansion Major source of jobs
  • Patronage and the spoils system become common
    (What is the key difference?)
  • Civil War spawns another expansion due to food
    distribution problems Department of Agriculture
    is created in 1862
  • Pension Office 1866

3
  • Pendleton Act (1883) is beginning of civil
    service system in response to massive turnover
    when a new president was elected.
  • Also known as merit system.
  • Initiated by Garfield before assassination
  • Unfair business practices leads to creation of
    the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)
  • First independent regulatory commission.
  • Railroad companies charging exorbinant rates for
    freight
  • Marks shift from service to regulatory
    bureaucracy

4
Twentieth-Century Bureaucracy
  • Growing number of cabinet departments.
    (regulation of economic sphere)
  • Dept. of Commerce and Labor to oversee
    employer/employee relationships (established
    under Theodore Roosevelt)
  • Divided into two separate depts by Wilson
  • Addressed problems associated with monopolies and
    poor working conditions of employees
  • Federal Trade Commission (FTC) protect small
    business and public from monopolistic
    corporations.
  • 16th Amendment to support new federal agencies
    with funds

5
  • Need for a larger government to support wars.
  • Increase in manufacturing
  • Tax increases (have never fallen back to pre-war
    levels)
  • Veterans demands for services led to bigger
    government (GI Bill - Educational loans and low
    mortgage rates through the Veterans Housing
    Authority(VHA)
  • Led to specifications in new home construction
  • Affordable middle-class housing was a new concept
  • New Deal and Great Society (LBJ and FDR)
  • Focus on Pressing Social Problems
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
  • Department of Transportation
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development

6
Modern Bureaucracy
  • More than 2.7 million employees.
  • Most are selected based on merit.
  • Also have high-level appointees.
  • Wide variety of skills represented.
  • Less diverse than America.
  • Scattered throughout D.C. and regional offices.
  • Growth of outside contractors.

7
Formal Organization
  • Cabinet departments handle broad, lasting
    issues.
  • Headed by secretaries.
  • Government corporations act like businesses.
  • Independent executive agencies handle services.
  • Narrower than Cabinet department, independent.
  • Independent regulatory commissions watch
    industry.
  • Designed to be free from partisan pressure.

8
Government Workers and Politics
  • Hatch Act sets first boundaries.
  • Federal Employees Political Act is current
    standard.

9
Characteristics of Bureaucracy
  • Chain of command from top to bottom.
  • Division of labor.
  • Clear lines of authority.
  • Goal orientation.
  • Merit system.
  • Productivity.

10
How the Bureaucracy Works
  • Congress creates agencies.
  • Main job is implementation of laws.
  • Policy made in iron triangles or issue networks.
  • Increasing use of interagency councils.

11
Iron Triangles
New G.I. Bill
Dept of Veteran Affairs
VFW, DAV, American Legion
House Comm. On Vets Affairs
12
Issue Networks, PCCs, and Interagency Councils
Dept of Veteran Affairs
Interagency Councils Other Departments And
Agencies
Issue Networks Lawyers, academics, consultants
VFW, DAV, American Legion
House Comm. On Vets Affairs
13
Making Policy
  • Administrative discretion allows a lot of
    latitude.
  • Rule-making is a quasi-legislative process.
  • Formal procedure for making regulations.
  • Administrative adjudication is quasi-judicial
    process.
  • Used to settle disputes between two parties.

14
Agency Accountability
  • Unclear who agencies should be accountable to.
  • Presidents try to make the right appointments.
  • Can also shape policy through executive orders.
  • Congress can use oversight powers and funding.
  • Police patrol v. fire alarm oversight.
  • Judiciary can review regulations.

15
What is the Cartoonists point? Which
bureaucracy works best? What are their main
priorities?
16
AV- Growth of Government
?
Back
17
Figure 9.1- Civilian Employment
?
Back
18
Figure 9.2- Employee Characteristics
?
Back
19
Figure 9.3- Agency Regions
?
Back
20
Figure 9.4- The Executive Branch
?
Back
21
Figure 9.5- An Iron Triangle
?
Back
22
Figure 9.6- Rulemaking
?
Back
23
Table 9.1- FEPA
?
Back
24
Table 9.2- Agency Accountability
?
Back
About PowerShow.com