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Title: Poetry

All About Poetry
Keep a Poem in Your Pocket
  • Keep a poem in your pocket
  • And a picture in your head
  • And youll never feel lonely
  • At night when youre in bed.
  • The little poem will sing to you
  • The little picture bring to you
  • A dozen dreams to dance to you
  • At night when youre in bed.
  • So
  • Keep a picture in your pocket
  • And a poem in your head
  • And youll never feel lonely
  • At night when youre in bed.
  • -Beatrice Schenk de Regniers

How Poets Work
  • Poets LOOK closer 
  • Poets play
  • with SOUND
  • Poets make
  •                 COMPARISONS

Song lyrics
  • In the top box, write down your favorite song
    lyric (DO NOT use explicit lyrics).
  • In about a sentence, explain what is so appealing
    to you about that song lyric in the bottom box.

  • It is difficult to give poetry a definition.
  • A poem is an emotional experience.
  • It is a thought or feeling, transmitted by the
    imagination into images and expressed in a
    beautiful and usually patterned language.

Lyric Poems
  • Lyric poetry can be sung to musical
    accompaniment (in ancient times, usually a lyre).
    Lyric poetry expresses the thoughts and feelings
    of the poet. Musical in sound.
  • Ode to Joy by Buster Baxter
  • I've had cabbage, lettuce, blackberries Pasta,
    oats and strawberries Bagels, beans and hot
    dogs Eggplant, ham and cheese logs I've had
    pumpkin and potato Truffles and tomato Diced,
    sliced, cubed and riced Boiled and fried Soaked
    and dried Burgers, tacos, ice cream
    too Radishes red and berries blue Despite all
    this, I'm feeling thinner... Still, that was
    lunch, now what's for dinner?

What is Lyric Poetry?
  • Lyric poetry expresses the personal thoughts and
    feelings of a single speaker.
  • Have a melodious, song like structure
  • Use imagery, sound devices, and figurative

Poetry . . . is. . . a speaking picture . . . 
Sir Philip Sidney
Ignoring the love element for a moment
  • What makes this line romantic?
  • Focus on individual emotion
  • Comparison and link to nature

My love for you is like a red, red, rose
The Natural Element
  • Comparisons are often made to nature why?
  • Nature a creative and controlling force in the
  • An inner force or the sum of such forces in an

Okay, so what makes it Lyrical?
  • Expresses the thoughts and emotions of one
  • MY
  • First person

Words and emotions create the tone of the poem
  • What is the tone?

What techniques are used?
  • Simile or Metaphor?
  • Imagery?
  • Alliteration?
  • Rhyme?

What words are used?
  • Love
  • Red
  • Rose

  • LOVE
  • ROSE

Can you replace any of the words and achieve the
same effect?
  • Yellow, white, pink?
  • Tulip, daffodil, lily?
  • Like, hate, tolerate?

Sohow do words hold power?
  • Explain.

Try the same thing with Firework
  • List the words that are particularly emotional.
  • Identify the speakers central message


Can you replace any of the words and achieve the
opposite effect?
  • Sinking ship, falling rain?
  • Explain why these would create the opposite
    effect of firework.

  • Replace words from the stanza below to capture a
    mood other than the one presented in Katy Perrys
  • You dont have to feel like ________________
  • Youre ____________, cannot _____________
  • If you only knew ________________________
  • After a ______________ comes a __________

  • Rhyme is the likeness of sound at the end of
  • We piled, with care our nightly stack Of
    wood against the chimney-back
  • The oaken log, green, huge, and thick, And on
    its top the stout back-stick.
  • - The Hearth Fire by John Greenleaf

Rhyme Scheme
  • We piled, with care our nightly stack (A)
  • Of wood against the chimney-back (A)
  • The oaken log, green, huge, and thick, (B)
  • And on its top the stout back-stick. (B)
  • - The Hearth Fire by John Greenleaf
  • When reading a poem, use a different letter to
    keep track of each rhyme sound. That is the
    poems rhyme scheme.

Rhythm/ Meter
  • Rhythm is a pattern of stressed syllables and
    unstressed syllables. Also called meter. A rhythm
    can make a poem sound serious or silly.
  • Sisters Heart to Heart by Joanna Duchs
  • From the time that we were little, I knew youd
    always be Not just a loving sister But a caring
    friend to me.
  • A shoulder I could cry on, A helping hand in
    times of need, A cheerleader to lift me up, My
    angel in both word and deed.
  • We told each other secrets We giggled and we
    cried. We shared our joys and sorrows-- We were
    always side by side.
  • We have a very special bond I knew it from the
    start. Youll have my love forever-- Were
    sisters, heart to heart.

Quick Write
  • Make a list of the things that you do during an
    ordinary day. What is the first thing you do in
    the morning? What is the last thing you do before
    bed? What is your favorite part of the day?

Quick Write Example
  • Hit snooze
  • Brush my teeth
  • Plug in my straightener
  • Drive to school
  • Flip open my computer
  • Curse the schools internet
  • Grade papers
  • Teach lessons
  • Drive to get my son
  • Cook supper
  • Wash dishes
  • Wash clothes
  • Take a hot bath
  • Put together lunches
  • Fall asleep

Name five activities listed by the speaker of
Woman Work.
  • Child care
  • Sewing
  • Shopping
  • Cooking
  • Gardening
  • Ironing
  • Cutting cane
  • House cleaning
  • Tending the sick
  • Picking cotton

Name five activities listed by the speaker of
  • Planting seeds
  • Folding shirts
  • Cooking
  • Making beds
  • Addressing envelopes
  • Typing
  • Dusting
  • Doing laundry

Catalog poems
  • A catalog poem brings together many different
    images and presents them for your attention. It
    wants you to enter the poem and, with your
    imagination, share an experience with the
  • The repetition of images in a catalog poem
    creates a rolling rhythm when the poem is read

How would you describe the tone (emotional
quality) in each poem?
Woman Work Daily

How would you describe the tone (emotional
quality) in each poem?
Woman Work Daily
The tone of Woman Work is desperate and resentful. She says Ive gotto do the things she mentions and then she makes pleas to nature for relief from her work. The tone of Daily is content. She speaks of making perfect white squares of the t-shirts and describes her efforts as The hands are churches that worship the world.
Apostrophe (addressing someone or something
  • The second through fifth stanzas of Woman Work
    use apostrophe. What things does the speaker
    address? What does she ask for?
  • She speaks to the elements
  • She asks them for relief from her daily struggles.

  • The last two lines of Daily are not part of the
    poems catalog. What is the poet saying about
    daily work in these lines?
  • Each day of work is valuable and meaningful.

Imagery Chart
  • Using the notes from your Quick Write, create
    images of what you do every day. Use at least one
    image for each of the five senses.

Sense Image
Imagery Chart Example
Sense Image
Sight Stare at a screen that endlessly circles clockwise Embrace the red of my grading pen
Sound Cease the buzzing of my clock The chipper of my children telling me of their day
Taste Create a minty freshness with my toothbrush A tangy bite of freshly seasoned meat
Touch Sink into my heated seats The soft touch of my fuzzy comforter
Smell The scent of burnt hairspray wafts from the straightener A hint of lavender from billowing bubbles
  • Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds
    followed by different consonants. Tune and
    June are rhymes tune and food are
  • Example mad hatter
  • And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the
    side Of my darling, my darling, my life and my
  • --Edgar Allan Poe, "Annabel Lee"

  • Consonance is the repetition of consonant sounds.
  • Example east, west
  • Ralegh has backed the maid to a tree As
    Ireland is backed to England And drives
    inland Till all her strands are deadened.

  • Repetition is the recurring use of a sound, a
    word, a phrase or a line. It is used to appeal to
    our emotions and to emphasize important ideas.

Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening Robert
Frost Whose woods these are I think I know. His
house is in the village though He will not see
me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with
snow. My little horse must think it queer To stop
without a farmhouse near Between the woods and
frozen lake The darkest evening of the year. He
gives his harness bells a shake To ask if there
is some mistake. The only other sound's the
sweep Of easy wind and downy flake. The woods are
lovely, dark and deep. But I have promises to
keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles
to go before I sleep.
  • Repeating the same idea over and over to
    emphasize a point.
  • Keeping words and phrases in the same grammatical
  • Example
  • The lazy and sluggish snake
  • Bit the merry and cheery little girl,
  • Making her all sad and mournful

  • Expand your notes for the Quick Write into a
    catalog poem that lists the things you do every
    day. Choose images that make your day come alive
    for the reader.
  • Begin your lists in one of the following ways
  • Ive got
  • These/This
  • Keep your poem in consistent meter (keep the
    lines approximately the same length with the same
    number of syllables).
  • Use at least one line of assonance or consonance.
  • Keep your poem in parallel structure.

  • A Day in the Life
  • Ive got to pull myself from my cozy comforter,
  • Endure the grit from my mint-infused toothpaste,
  • Swath myself in professional clothes,
  • Then sink into the heated seat to get to school.
  • Where Ive got to herd chatting kids into their
  • Bleed my grading pen onto their papers,
  • Invent plans that will enlighten their minds,
  • While enduring the buzz from my ancient
  • Then Ive got to race to practice to pick up the
  • Concoct a dinner from miscellaneous hodgepodge,
  • Switch the stacks of reeking laundry to wash,
  • Before I fall into bed to do it again.

  • Mood is the overall emotion created by a work of
    literature. Look at these two different moods

1)        Winter Garden Stark naked flower
stalks Stand shivering in the wind. The cheerless
sun hides its black light Behind bleak, angry
clouds, While trees vainly try To catch their
escaping leaves. Carpets of grass turn
brown, Blending morosely with the dreary
day. Winter seems the death of life forever.
2) Spring Garden Stunningly dressed flower
stalks Stand shimmering in the breeze. The
cheerful sun hides playfully Behind white,
fluffy, cotton-ball clouds, While trees whisper
secrets To their rustling leaves. Carpets of
grass greenly glow Blending joyfully with the
day. Spring brings life to death.
  • An image is a single word or phrase that appeals
    to one of our senses. An image can help us to see
    color or motion, to hear a sound, smell an odor,
    feel a texture or temperature, or even taste a
  • Example
  • Through broken walls and gray
  • The winds blow bleak and shrill
  • They are all gone away.

Imagery and Mood
  • An image can be so fresh, so powerful, that it
    can speak to our deepest feelings. It can make us
    feel joy, grief, wonder, horror, love, or
  • Lost
  • Desolate and lone
  • All night long on the lake
  • Where fog trails and mist creeps
  • The whistle of a boat
  • Calls and cries unendingly,
  • Like some lost child
  • In tears and trouble
  • Hunting the harbors breast
  • And the harbors eyes.
  • -Carl Sandburg

  • To see how images can be drawn from all sorts of
    things we observe in life, create two images for
    each of the following categories. Have one image
    suggest something pleasant and the other suggest
    something unpleasant. Try to include images that
    suggest how a thing looks, smells, tastes,
    sounds, or feels to the touch.

Images Pleasant Unpleasant
Animal images
Flower images
Water images
Sky images
Earth images
City images
Country images
Read Starfish on page 477
  • Answer each of the following questions in
    complete sentences
  • Terrariums are small enclosures or containers
    that house plants or animals. Why does the
    speaker, seeing the starfish in the sand imagine
    that they have formed terrariums with their
  • What does the image of the approaching darkness
    contribute to the feeling of the poem?
  • List the images that appeal to our sense of sight
    and touch.

Sight Touch

  • The use of a word or object which represents a
    deeper meaning than the words themselves
  • It can be a material object or a written sign
    used to represent something invisible.

I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere
ages and ages hence Two roads diverged in a
wood, and I I took the one less traveled by, And
that has made all the difference. -from The
Road Not Taken by Robert Frost
Said a bird in the midst of a blitz Up to now,
theyve scored very few hitz, so Ill sit on my
canny Old Star Spangled Fanny And on it he sitz
and he sitz. -Dr. Seuss
  • This represented or symbolized Dr. Seusss views
    of WWII. It shows a bird that represents Uncle
    Sam, sitting in a chair while bombs are exploding
    all around him.
  • Bird American Government

Find the symbols
  • My school is a jungle. My teacher is Tarzan. He
    is always swinging through the classrooms making
    sure that everyone is working together in
    harmony. My friend Cole is like a monkey in the
    jungle. He likes to jump across seats and eat
    bananas. My other friend Laura is a giraffe. She
    is tall and slender and can look out above the
    tops of everyones head and see what is going on
    down the hallway. Finally, I am a rhinoceros. I
    am not as big as one, but I am good at charging
    through an assignment to get it done quickly with
    no messing around. Together we make up the jungle
    bunch in Mr. Heatons seventh grade English class.

Find the symbols
  • My school is a jungle. My teacher is Tarzan. He
    is always swinging through the classrooms making
    sure that everyone is working together in
    harmony. My friend Cole is like a monkey in the
    jungle. He likes to jump across seats and eat
    bananas. My other friend Laura is a giraffe. She
    is tall and slender and can look out above the
    tops of everyones head and see what is going on
    down the hallway. Finally, I am a rhinoceros. I
    am not as big as one, but I am good at charging
    through an assignment to get it done quickly with
    no messing around. Together we make up the jungle
    bunch in Mr. Heatons seventh grade English class.

Four leaf clover
  • luck

  • Love

Eiffel Tower
  • Romance
  • Paris
  • France

  • Peace

Purple or blue ribbon
  • Winner
  • Bravery

Gold star
  • Good behavior
  • Excellence
  • Teachers pet

Smiling face
  • Happiness

Skull and bones
  • Death
  • Poison
  • Danger
  • Pirate

  • Slowness

Dollar sign
  • Money
  • Wealth
  • Debt
  • What something costs

Creating Symbols
  • Write a symbol to represent the following
  • Birthday party
  • Vacation
  • Spanish class
  • Fast car
  • An artist

Creating Symbols
  • Write what your group identified for each of the
    following symbols.

Birthday party
Spanish class
Fast car
An artist
Quick Write
  • Pick a special day of the year. Write down what
    you might hear, see, taste, smell, or touch on
    that day. Try to find images that reveal the way
    you might feel at a particular moment on that
    special day.

Your special day Hear See Taste Smell Touch
Your special day
Your special day
Your special day
Your special day
  • This is a form of Japanese poetry. A haiku has
    only three lines (triplet), with five, seven and
    five syllables. A haiku usually describes a
    season of the year or some aspect of nature.
  • Cold as a snowball
  • Chilled colder than the white snow
  • A lonely goodbye.
  • ---------------------------------------------
  • Some snowflakes descend
  • To blanket a barren branch
  • Others kiss the earth.

Traditional Haiku
  • Present images from everyday lifeusually two
    contrasting images
  • Present comparisons that are not stated directly.
  • Contain kigo, or words associated with a
    particular season.
  • For example, snow indicates winter.
  • Evening showers means that it is summer.
  • Frog suggests spring.

Traditional Haiku
  • Present a moment of discovery or enlightenment
  • Contain images that serve as a starting point for
    the readers own thoughts and associations.

Punctuation in Haiku
  • Colons, dashes, and exclamation points indicate a
    shift in subject or mood.
  • The period indicates the completion of the poem.

Haiku Continued
  • I am first with five Then seven in the middle
    -- Five again to end.
  • 17 syllables
  • 1st linefive syllables
  • 2nd lineseven syllables
  • 3rd linefive syllables
  • Imagesnumbers
  • Subjectthe form of haiku

Haiku (translated)
  • Get out of my road
  • and allow me to plant these
  • bamboos, Mr. Toad.
  • --Miura Chora

The old pond A frog jumps in Sound of
water. --Matsuo Basho
A dragonfly! The distant hills Reflected in his
eyes. --Kobayashi Issa
A morning glory Twined round the bucket I will
ask my neighbor for water. --Chiyo
Questions to analyze
  1. Which of the four haiku follow the rule of five
    syllables in lines 1 and 3, and seven syllables
    in line 2?
  2. Describe the images in Choras haiku.
  3. Describe the images in Chiyos haiku.
  4. Describe the images in Bashos haiku.
  5. Describe the images in Issas haiku.
  6. Which haiku relies most on the sense of hearing?

Questions to analyze
  • 7. What season of the year does Choras haiku
    describe? What word indicates that season?
  • 8. What season of the year does Chiyos haiku
    describe? What word indicates that season?
  • 9. What season of the year does Bashos haiku
    describe? What word indicates that season?
  • 10. What season of the year does Issas haiku
    describe? What word indicates that season?

Find the two contrasting images
Poet Contrasting images
Miura Chora 1. 2.
Chiyo 1. 2.
Matsuo Basho 1. 2.
Kobayashi Issa 1. 2.
In the poets shoes
  • In Choras haiku, do you wait for the toad to
    move, or do you poke it?
  • In Chiyos haiku, do you ever use that bucket for
    water again?
  • In Bashos haiku, what might you be doing before
    the frog jumps in?
  • In Issas haiku, for how long are you able to see
    the hills?

  • Write a haiku celebrating the special day you
    made notes about for the Quick Write. You must
    limit your haiku to three lines and seventeen
    syllables. Be sure you also use the following
  • Bring two images together, usually for a
  • Use a word describing the season or weather
  • Present a moment of discovery.

Similes and Extended Similes
  • A simile is a comparison using like or as.
  • When a writer uses a simile across more than one
    line or even throughout an entire work, it is
    called an extended simile.

  • Complete each of the following starters with a
    vivid simile. If the comparison isnt obvious,
    add details to make the comparison clear.
  • Clever like
  • As dull as
  • Crunchy like
  • As sticky as
  • Sweet like
  • As lonely as
  • As comfortable as
  • As sharp as
  • As blue as
  • Quick like

Acrostic Poetry
An acrostic poem is one in which certain letters,
often the first letter of every line, form a name
or a theme.
Apples are yummy. Pretty and juicy. Please pick
only when ripe. Licking jelly apples are fun. Eat
them day and night.
With a partner
  • Use the power of similes to create vivid and
    moving images in an acrostic poem that would be
    put into a time capsule. Try to capture the
    essence of what it means to be a youth in todays
    culture. Each line should create a simile or
  • For example
  • Teach
  • Telling students what to do can be like
    whispering into a hurricane.
  • Exemplary pupils are as exciting as crystals
    found in a deserted mine
  • All students are like unpolished gems in need of
    tender care.
  • Children are like rays of sunshine that light our
  • Harrowing though it can be, teaching is like
    looking into the future.

  • F
  • R
  • E
  • S
  • H
  • M
  • E
  • N

Participating in the Poem
  • Lesson 15 Work with a partner to read and
    analyze the poems.

Be sure to use complete sentences.
  • Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect.
  • Examples
  • I will love you forever.
  • My house is a million miles from here.
  • Shed kill me.

  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vM0xNVAy1gkQ
  • As you listen to the song, keep track of
    hyperboles that occur in the lyrics.

  • Onomatopoeia is the use of words that imitate
  • Wham! Splat! Pow! I am in trouble now!

  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vci-KxKP4EeQ
  • As you listen to the song, keep track of
    onomatopoeia that occurs in the lyrics.

  • An idiom is a phrase where the words together
    have a meaning that is different from the
    dictionary definitions of the individual words.

  • Identify the literal and figurative meanings of
    the following idioms and idiomatic phrases.
  • Kill two birds with one stone
  • On the ball
  • Cut corners
  • To hear something straight from the horse's mouth
  • Costs an arm and a leg
  • The last straw
  • Take what someone says with a grain of salt
  • Sit on the fence
  • The best of both worlds
  • Put wool over other people's eyes

  • The limerick takes its name from Limerick,
    Ireland. It is humorous and full of nonsense. It
    is a five line poem that consists of a triplet
    a couplet. They often contain hyperbole,
    onomatopoeia, idioms and other figurative
  • The 1st, 2nd 5th lines rhyme, with 3 beats per
  • The 3rd 4th lines rhyme, with two beats per
  • The last line is usually the punch line (the
    heart of the joke)
  • There once was a student at school (A)
  • Who would not conform to the rule (A)
  • He used all his time (B)
  • To write funny rhyme (B)
  • And limericks he used as his tool. (A)

Another Limerick
  • There once was a man with no hair.
  • He gave everyone quite a scare.
  • He got some Rogaine,
  • Grew out a mane,
  • And now he resembles a bear!

You Try a Limerick
  • Complete this limerick with words that rhyme.
  • There once was a princess named Meg
  • Who accidentally broke her _____
  • She slipped on the ______
  • Not once, but twice
  • Take no pity on her, I _________.
  • Write a limerick using these five words
    kangaroo, zoo, too, pouch and ouch.

Writing Limericks with Hyperbole
  • Get out your Hyperbole and I Would Rather
  • Write two limericks that uses hyperbole based on
    each of your worksheets.
  • Your limerick must follow these criteria
  • Five line poem
  • AABBA rhyme scheme
  • Three beats in the first and second lines,
  • Two beats in the third and fourth lines,
  • Three beats in the fifth line,
  • Underline the hyperboles.

  • I love my Miss Me jeans
  • They are so great for teens.
  • They sparkle and shine
  • They are all mine,
  • And make me look good when I lean.

  • Juliet was such a queen
  • She acted like a teen
  • With a deep sigh
  • She wanted to die
  • Now only her grave can be seen.

Rhythm and Meter
  • Rhythm, or the repetition of sound patterns is
    what give poems their musical quality.
  • This regular pattern is also called meter.
  • You can hear meter just as you can hear the
    steady beats of a heart.

  • Rhyme is often the first thing we notice about a
  • Rhyme is the repetition of accented vowel sounds,
    and all the sounds following them.
  • Approximate rhyme occurs when the repetition of
    accented vowel sounds is followed by sounds that
    are very similar, but not exactly the same.

Use this chart to analyze poems
I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud The Courage That My Mother Had
Rhyme scheme
Approximate rhyme
Strong emotion
Read I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud and The
Courage That My Mother Had on pages 533 537
  • Use the chart to analyze these poems as you read.

Drawing conclusions
  1. What details did each of the poets leave out of
    the poems?
  2. What details contradicted the poems?
  3. What lesson is the reader supposed to draw from
    the poem?

Shape Poems
  • Your challenge is to think and express yourself
    through poetry in a CREATIVE way.
  • Today you will define what a shape poem is and
    you will learn how to create one.

What is a shape poem?
  • takes the shape of the subject of the poem
  • exp. if the poem is about a tree, it would be
    shaped like a tree
  • uses simple objects for the shapes
  • exp. hearts, houses, animals, etc.

Examples of Shape Poems
More Examples
How do you write a shape poem?
  • Think of a poem topic
  • Try to pick a topic that can be supported by a
    shape (abstract ideas might be harder to use)
  • Draw an outline of the shape (you can keep the
    outline there or delete it later)
  • Arrange your words within the shape (they can be
    just within the shape or outline it)
  • Work with the look of the words until you find a
    look you like
  • Write out a final copy to turn in

How to draw a shape poem
Pitter Patter Pitter. Patter. The rain falls
gently on my steel roof top. Slowly at first, but
the tempo picks up. Soon it will be a
thrashing of rain.
Try putting words in different orders?
Draw your shape ?
Add words?
Shape Poems
  • This is a shape poem. Ideally, it should
    describe the shape it is, and rhyme, but as you
    can see, this one doesn't. But this will give you
    the idea

FUNNEL Here is a little poem ... well, maybe
it's not so little, but it certainly is a poem
... although, come to think of it, this doesn't
really rhyme, so maybe it's not a poem either
but anyway, here it is, and as you can see, it is
of course funnel shaped, and before too long,
quickly comes to the point, and right at about
this place down here at the end !
More Shape Poems
"Idea Old Mazda Lamp, 50-100-150 W" By John
What to do next?
  • Brainstorm ideas of what you could write about
    with your shoulder partner. (5 minutes)
  • If you have any questions, ask!

  • You have learned how to create a shape poem. You
    saw how to create and draw a shape poem. Here is
    your chance to demonstrate what you have learned
    by creating a shape poem. It can not be like any
    of the poems you already saw as examples.
  • Here are the requirements
  • Hint Your poem must be about the shape you draw
    or create.
  • You may use whatever materials you wish
  • Follow the rubric the shape must relate to the
  • Once you have created your object, you will
    present it to the class, Most important of all,
    have fun!

5 Exceeds expectation 4 Meets expectation 3 Approaches expectation 2 Developing this skill 1-0 Does not meet expectation
Shape Is Creative
Poem is related to shape
Words Spelled Correctly
Neatly done Presentation, anyone can read the poem
Narrative Poems
  • A NARRATIVE POEM tells a story and can be about
    anything. Sometimes the poem's lines have a
    rhyming pattern. Sometimes they don't rhyme at
  • Narrative poems have all of the elements of a
    short story a narrator, characters, a plot, and
    usually a settingbut it also has the
    characteristics of poetry.
  • Narrative poems rely heavily on imagery and
    figures of speech to touch your emotions and
    capture your imagination.

THEME in Narrative Poetry
  • Poems, like short stories, have themes, or
    central ideas.
  • Often these themes are developed in metaphors and
    similes to save space as they connect to unlike
    things in imaginative ways.

  • Use the poem to complete the following chart
  • Jimmy Goes to the City by Arthur Read
  • Jimmy was a happy ape Until some hunters caught
    him He liked the jungle better than The city
    where they brought him The city was louder The
    city was meaner Even the dirt in the jungle was
    cleaner So Jimmy made a daring escape! The
    hunters were suddenly minus one ape! He climbed
    the tallest building Because from there he'd
    see How far away the jungle was From the middle
    of the city. Jimmy jumped into a passing
    plane But the pilot didn't wait for him to
    explain Jimmy flew back to the jungle And told
    his ape friends in their lair "The city's okay
    for a visit But you couldn't make me live there."

Quick Write
  • Think about the word exile, and brainstorm with
    your group for two minutes about the images it
    calls to mind.

Read Exile on page 306
  • As you read summarize the story told by filling
    out a story map.
  • Story map

Exile Exile
Main characters
Narrators problem
Main events 1. 2. 3.
Analyzing Exile
  1. How would you describe the relationship between
    the speaker and Papi?
  2. Choose three details (words, phrases, or images)
    that illustrate the speakers feeling of danger
    or fear.
  3. As the family flees, what is associated with the
    idea of going to the beach?
  4. Why does the beach scene in the store window
    represent America for the speaker?
  5. What details in the poem help convey the sense
    that the speaker and her family dont fit in
    when they get to the United States?
  6. At the end of the poem, the speaker says that she
    and Papi are like two swimmers/eager, afraid,
    not yet sure of the outcome. What is she saying
    through the use of this simile?
  7. How would you state the theme of this poem? (What
    is the point the speaker is making about her
    experience of immigrating the United States?)

Found Poetry Activity
  • Read the non-fiction article assigned to your
  • As you read, keep a list of interesting words,
    phrases, and images.
  • Reading

How to Eat a Guava pgs. 625-626 Poes Final Days pgs. 222-223 Kennedys Assassination pgs. 728-729
Feeding Frenzy pgs. 122-123 Romeo and Juliet in Bosnia pgs. 1035-1036 Wounded and Trapped pgs. 701-702
Notes Keep track of as many notable details as
you can find in the text.
Interesting Words Interesting Phrases Vivid Images

Found Poem Directions
  1. With your group choose, 12-13 quotes from the
    assigned reading notes that you took.
  2. Use the quotes to create a poem in whatever order
    you feel is appropriate to reflect the
    mood/atmosphere/tone of the article OR a
    characters perspective/feelings.
  3. You can repeat quotes, but must have at least
    12-13 different quotes.
  4. Give your poem a title.
  5. Copy the poem neatly onto unlined paperusing
    colors, images, etc. as you see fit for

  • Ballad Poems are poems that tell a story like a
    narrative poem and often have a repeated refrain.
    A ballad is usually about love and often sung
    like a lyric poem.
  • They usually have
  • Four line stanzas (quatrain)
  • Rhyming
  • Repetition
  • The Ballad of the Green Beret
  • http//youtu.be/LH4-tOqLH94
  • http//www.brownielocks.com/balladofthegreenberets

Love stories
  • Most often, ballads are stories about love, but
    they can be about anything that has deeply affect
    the poet. Ballads are regal ways to share any
    heartfelt experience, whether it is painful or
    one that is positive.

First impressions
  • The first line of a ballad is the most important
    because it introduces the reader to the story. In
    order to reel the reader in, it might be a good
    idea to open up the poem with a question or use
    the word you so that the reader feels like they
    are truly inserted into this moment in your life.
    This way, the reader can directly relate to and
    feel the emotions you describe in the poem.

Rhyme Time
  • Most commonly, ballads have four groups or
    stanzas, of three lines with an AAB rhyme scheme
    where the first two lines rhyme and the third
    line is different.

  • Something that makes a ballad a unique type of
    poem is that they have choruses. Typically, the
    third line of each stanza is the chorus, so you
    need to make sure that line is something that is
    relevant throughout the entire story, because it
    will be repeated many times. So, your poems
    rhyme scheme will most likely look like AAB CCB
    DDB EEB, with the same line at the end of each

Sing a song
  • Since ballads tell stories while using rhyme and
    repetition, they are great for turning into
    songs. Maybe you can try putting music to your
    new poem and sing it to the class?

Ballad Activity
  • Read the non-fiction article assigned to your
  • As you read, keep a map of the storys action and
    how the characters interact using a story map
  • Reading

Feeding Frenzy pgs. 122-123 Romeo and Juliet in Bosnia pgs. 1035-1036 Wounded and Trapped pgs. 701-702
How to Eat a Guava pgs. 625-626 Poes Final Days pgs. 223-224 Kennedys Assassination pgs. 728-729
Story map
Element ___________________________
Extra! Extra!
  • Your groups will be writing and performing a
    ballad using the article assigned to you.
  • Is responsible for writing one stanza of the
  • Is responsible for performing one stanza of the
  • Ballads must be
  • Summative of the action in the article
  • Coherent stories
  • Original and creative
  • Extra credit will be given to class members or
    groups who sing (or rap) their ballads.

Free Verse
  • Free verse is just what it says it is - poetry
    that is written without proper rules about form,
    rhyme, rhythm, meter, etc. In free verse the
    writer makes his/her own rules. The writer
    decides how the poem should look, feel, and
  •  Notice i is not capitalized and there arent
    normal sentences.Its free verse.
  • Winter Poem
  • once a snowflake fell
  • on my brow and i loved
  • it so much and i kissed
  • it and it was happy and called its cousins
  • and brothers and a web
  • of snow engulfed me then
  • i reached to love them all
  • and i squeezed them and they became
  • a spring rain and i stood perfectly
  • still and was a flower
  •   - By Nikki Giovanni

More Free Verse
  • A Dream
  • I dreamed the clouds were dragons.
  • Billows of fluff, not fire
  • Came toward me.
  • I needed not my sword.

  • Find elements of poetry in the world around you.
  • List ten names. Which syllables are stressed?
    Which are not stressed? How many beats does
    each name have?
  • List three political slogans or commercial
    slogans or jingles with rhyme and alliteration.
    Identify rhyme by underlining the words and
    alliteration by underlining the similar beginning
  • Identify two exact rhymes and two approximate
    rhymes to go with each of these words ocean,
    wash, warm, beard, power.
  • List three examples of personification in songs
    that you hear on the radio.
  • Describe the following scenes using onomatopoeia
  • A rainy, windy night
  • A cat munching on dry cat food
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