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Middle East Governments

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Middle East Governments Top of Page 51 SS7CG5a. Compare and contrast the governments of Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Iran distinguishing the form of leadership, and the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Middle East Governments


1
Middle East Governments
2
Top of Page 51
  • SS7CG5a.
  • Compare and contrast the governments of Israel,
    Saudi Arabia, and Iran distinguishing the form of
    leadership, and the role of the citizen in terms
    of voting rights

3
Government Definitions pg. 51
  • Sharia-Islamic law
  • Chief of State- Largely ceremonial, little if any
    political power
  • Head of State- Head of the govt., has the
    political power

4
Iran
  • Type of Government Theocracy a govt. ruled by
    religious leaders according to religious law.
  • oligarchy
  • Form of Leadership Supreme Leader appointed for
    life by the Assembly of Experts
  • Assembly of Experts elected by popular vote for
    an 8-yr. term
  • President elected by popular vote for a 4-yr.
    term.

5
Iran
  • Type of Legislature
  • Islamic Consultative Assembly
  • 290 seats elected by popular vote to serve 4 yr.
    terms
  • Role of Citizen Men and women 18 and over can
    vote for every office except Supreme Leader

6
Iran
  • Personal Freedoms
  • Executions have increased, and so have arrests of
    students, women activists and labor organizers
  • Still more freedoms than Saudi Arabia

7
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8
Israel
  • Type of Government Parliamentary Democracy
    (Republic) People freely choose their leaders.
  • Federal, Democratic
  • Form of Leadership
  • President is largely a ceremonial role and is
    elected by the Knesset for a 7-yr. term (no term
    limits).
  • Prime Minister is elected by the people and runs
    the government.

9
Israel
  • Type of Legislature Knesset
  • 120 seats elected by popular vote to serve 4-yr.
    terms
  • Role of Citizens Men and women 18 and over can
    vote for everyone except President

10
Israel
  • Citizens in Israel are free.
  • Citizens living in Israeli occupied territory
    (Arab Palestinians) do not share as many freedoms.

11
Saudi Arabia
  • Type of Government Absolute Monarchy the king
    has total control
  • Sharia- Islamic Law
  • Unitary, Autocratic
  • Form of Leadership King the monarch is both the
    chief of state and head of government

12
Saudi Arabia
  • Type of Legislature Consultative Council -150
    members and a chairman appointed by the monarch
    for 4-yr. terms
  • Role of Citizens Men over the age of 21 may vote
    in local elections only. Women may vote in 2015.

13
Saudi Arabia
  • Personal Freedoms
  • No criticism of the govt.
  • No political parties
  • Arbitrary arrest
  • Detention without trial
  • Torture

14
Saudi Arabia
  • Women
  • No freedom of movement and association
  • No equality in employment and education
  • Non-Muslims
  • Non-Muslim religious practices were banned and
    subject to criminal prosecution
  • Giving out Bibles against the law
  • The government owns all radio and television
    stations
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