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To Kill a Mockingbird

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To Kill a Mockingbird By Harper Lee Wrote To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960 Based the story on her life growing up in Monroeville, Alabama TKAM was the only novel she ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: To Kill a Mockingbird


1
To Kill a Mockingbird
  • By Harper Lee

2
Harper Lee
3
  • Wrote To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960
  • Based the story on her life growing up in
    Monroeville, Alabama
  • TKAM was the only novel she ever wrote

4
SETTING OF THE NOVEL
  • Southern United States
  • Maycomb, Alabama (fictional name)
  • 1930s
  • Great Depression
  • Dust bowl
  • Prejudice and legal segregation
  • Ignorance

5
Major Historical Happenings...
  • Recovering from the Great Depression
  • Poor South
  • Jim Crow Laws
  • Racial Injustice
  • Scottsboro Trials

6
1930s - Great Depression began when the stock
market crashed in October, 1929
  • Businesses failed, factories closed
  • People were out of work
  • Even people with money suffered because nothing
    was being produced for sale.
  • Poor people lost their homes, were forced to
    live off the land.

7
1929-1939
  • Farmers were already feeling the effects
  • Prices of crops went down
  • Many farms foreclosed
  • People could not afford luxuries
  • Factories shut down
  • Businesses went out
  • Banks could not pay out money
  • People could not pay their taxes
  • Schools shut down due to lack of funds
  • Many families became homeless and had to live in
    shanties

Many found being broke humiliating.
8
White trash
  • Poor, uneducated white people who lived on
    relief
  • lowest social class, even below the poor blacks
  • prejudiced against black people
  • felt the need to put down blacks in order to
    elevate themselves

9
Out of the Dust
The South and the Dust Bowl
10
A drought in the South lead to dust storms that
destroyed crops.
The Dust Bowl
11
The South Was Buried
  • Crops turned to dustNo food to be sent out
  • Homes buried
  • Fields blown away
  • South in state of emergency
  • Dust Bowl the 1 weather crisis of the 20th
    century

12
Racial prejudice was alive well. Although
slavery had ended in 1864, old ideas were
slow to change.
13
Jim Crow Laws
  • After the American Civil War most states in the
    South passed anti-African American legislation.
    These became known as Jim Crow laws.
  • These laws included segregation in
  • Schools -- Hospitals
  • Theaters -- Water fountains
  • Restaurants
  • Hotels
  • Public transportation
  • Some states forbid inter-racial marriages

14
  • These laws were instituted in 1896 and were not
    abolished till the late 1950s (even then still
    not completely).

15
Racial separation (segregation)
16
Scottsboro Boys Trial
  • 9 young African-American men (13-20) accused of
    raping 2 white girls in 1931
  • Immediately sentenced to death
  • Trials went on for nearly 15 years before all the
    men were dismissed

17
  • Started on a train bound for Memphis
  • Several white men boarded and picked a fight with
    the black men
  • Whites were forced off train by the 12 black men.
    The white men reported the the black men had
    raped two white girls on the train to authorities
  • They were immediately arrested and tried in front
    of an all-white jury.

18
The trials caused a huge uproar amongst the black
community.
19
Reading the Novel
  • Setting is all important be aware of the
  • where and when as you begin
  • Point of View the novel is shaped by the voice
    of a young girl, Scout, who sees the story from a
    position of naïve acceptance
  • Goodness vs. Evil (Ignorance) is an important
    theme

20
Point of View
  • First Person Narrator
  • Story is told by Scout
  • Told as a woman looking back to when she was
    young school girl.
  • Scout represents the author, Harper Lee, as a
    little girl. However, the story is not strictly
    autobiographical.

21
Characters
  • Scout young girl age 6 10 through the novel.
    Tomboy, little sister, innocent, naive
  • Jem 10 - 14 year olf boy, Scouts older
    brother, respectful, protective, leader
  • Dill neighbor boy, curious, 7 11 years old

22
  • The character of Dill, Scout and Jems playmate
    in the novel was based upon Lees actual
    neighbor, Truman Capote
  • Capote is famous for amongst other things, In
    Cold Blood and Breakfast at Tiffanys.

23
Characters
  • Atticus Finch - an attorney whose wife has
    died, leaving him to raise their two children.
    He is fair and just and does not subscribe to the
    ways of the old South.
  • Tom Robinson a black man accused of raping
    white girl he is defended at trial by Atticus

24
Prejudice in the novel
  • Race
  • Gender
  • Social Status
  • Age
  • Religion

25
Gender Bias (Prejudice)
  • Women were considered weak
  • Women were generally not educated for
    occupations outside the home
  • In wealthy families, women were expected to
    oversee the servants and entertain guests
  • Men not considered capable of nurturing children

26
Legal Issues of the 1930s which impact the story
  • Women given the vote in 1920
  • Juries were MALE and WHITE
  • Fair trial did not include acceptance of a
    black mans word against a white mans
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