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The Rise of Adolf Hitler and the Beginning of World War II

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Title: The Rise of Adolf Hitler and the Beginning of World War II


1
The Rise of Adolf Hitler and the Beginning of
World War II
Time Magazines Man of the Year in 1938
2
Adolf Hitler
  • Born on April 20, 1889 in Austria
  • Attended a Catholic monastery school where he was
    a member of their choir
  • Considered becoming a priest
  • Wanted to become an artist, but his father made
    him follow in his footsteps
  • During high school, Adolf became a German
    nationalist

3
Adolf Hitler
  • His father died when Adolf was 13, and he became
    the head of his familys household and dropped
    out of high school
  • Five years later, Adolfs dreams were fulfilled
    and he took the entrance exam to Viennas Academy
    of Fine Arts
  • Told that his drawings lacked the talent of
    artistic painting, he was rejected

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Adolf Hitler
  • Hitler the unemployed slacker tried again to
    attend Viennas Academy of Fine Art, but his test
    drawings were considered so bad that he wasnt
    even allowed to take the exam
  • Hitler became homeless in 1909
  • Made a modest living by selling his paintings in
    Jewish shops
  • Living in a town with an anti-Semitic leader,
    Adolf began to read anti-Semitic literature and
    quickly began to despise Jewish people

9
Adolf Hitler
  • Anti-Semitism An intense dislike and prejudice
    against the Jewish people
  • Becoming increasingly interested in politics,
    Hitler joined the German army
  • Fought in World War I
  • Was said to have shown outstanding bravery in
    the face of the enemy
  • Germany lost WWI in 1918

10
Anti-Semitism?
  • Why was Anti-Semitism popular for hundreds of
    years
  • Jews were blamed for killing Christ
  • Kicked out of the majority of European countries
  • Were forced to live in poverty

11
Germany after WWI
  • Along with many Germans, Hitler believed that
    Germany could have won WWI
  • They were betrayed from within by the Jewish
  • Germany becomes a democracy
  • Limited to 100,000 soldiers

12
The German Workers Party
  • Hitler joined The German Workers Party
  • Strong nationalist, pro military, anti-Semitic
    party
  • Hitler became the voice of the party because of
    his strong ability to speak
  • In 1920, Hitler chose the swastika to represent
    the political party
  • Party name is called Nazi for short

13
Hitler becomes Nazi Leader
  • Hitler threatens to leave the party unless they
    make him the dictator of the party
  • Dictator A person with complete authority
  • Became Fuhrer a.k.a leader

14
The German Depression
  • Germany forced to pay for damages caused in World
    War I
  • Hyperinflation The extreme loss in value of
    money
  • For every American dollar, one would have to have
    4 billion German marks

15
Nazi Revolution
  • In 1923, the Nazi Party, led by Hitler, attempted
    to overthrow the German government
  • FAILURE!
  • Hitler was charged with five years in prison
  • While in prison, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf
  • Speaks of Hitlers political and racial views
    and outlines his plans for a better Germany

16
The German Depression Worsens
  • October 29, 1929 the American stock market
    crashed
  • Caused Germany to slip into a greater depression
  • Utilizing Hitlers outstanding speeches, the Nazi
    Party campaigned throughout Germany and received
    18 of the German government
  • In 1932, Hitler runs for president against
    Hindenburg (who would have been 92 by the time
    his term was over)
  • Hindenburg wins
  • Democracy fails

17
Solution
  • In attempt to recover the government and to avoid
    being overthrown, Hindenburg appointed Hitler the
    new chancellor of Germany
  • As chancellor (the 2nd highest position in
    Germany) Hitler quickly dissolved the democracy
    and declared himself dictator of Germany
  • First action ban on Jewish products

18
Ban on Jewish Products
Dont buy from Jews shop in German businesses!
19
Protecting Hitler
  • Birth of the Third Reichstag The Third Rule
  • The S.S Schutz-Staffel were Hitlers body
    guards
  • Gestapo Hitlers secret police force that worked
    to uncover those plotting against Hitler
  • Hitlers Youth His attempt to raise young
    Germans into his followers

20
Hitler Youth
  • The weak must be chiseled away. I want young
    men and women who can suffer pain. A young German
    must be as swift as a greyhound, as tough as
    leather and as hard as Krupps steel. - Hitler

A twelve mile march was considered nothing
special for boys who are trained until they can
make a march of fifty miles without any food
other than concentrated rations they carry in
their packs. Nupp was recovering from a heavy
cold but he was not excused from the hike. He had
a severe relapse as a result Later the doctor
confided to me that often after one of these
lengthy marches he had as many as thirty boys in
the hospital.
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World Dictators
  • By 1930, dictators had seized control of Germany,
    Italy, Japan, and the Soviet Union
  • Germany Adolf Hitler
  • Italy Benito Mussolini
  • Japan Emperor Hirohito (Greatly influenced by
    Prime Minister Tojo)
  • Soviet Union Joseph Stalin
  • Fascism An extreme form of patriotism that is
    often linked with racism

24
Dictators
25
The Axis Powers and War
  • Italy, Germany, and Japan (joined in 1940)
  • 1937 Japan invaded China
  • 1938 Britain and France attempted to appease
    Hitler by allowing him to take part of
    Czechoslovakia if he promised not to expand his
    territory anymore
  • 1938 Germany conquered Austria and
    Czechoslovakia
  • 1939 Germany and the Soviet Union vowed not to
    attack each other
  • September 1, 1939 World War II began when
    Germany attacked Poland
  • Great Britain and France declared war on Germany
  • Total War A war in which every available
    resource is utilized and every person is an
    acceptable target

26
Blitzkrieg
  • Blitzkrieg Lightning War was a new form of war
    which emphasized speed and surprise
  • Tanks, troops, and planes
  • No trenches!! (Except in the battle for
    Stalingrad)
  • Within a month, Germany controlled Poland
  • 1940 Germany conquered Denmark, Norway, Belgium,
    and the Netherlands before turning its eyes on
    France

27
Blitzkrieg
28
Blitzkrieg
29
The Allies
  • Poland
  • Australia
  • United Kingdom (Great Britain)
  • France
  • New Zealand
  • Canada
  • Norway
  • Belgium
  • Netherlands
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Greece
  • Soviet Union (joined in 1941)
  • United States (joined in 1941)
  • Etc
  • Etc
  • Do you get the point?

By the end of the war, more than 50 countries
were part of the Allies
30
France and Great Britain
  • Within two weeks of fighting, France surrendered
  • Who is left?
  • Great Britain
  • Bombing of London by the Luftwaffe (German air
    force)
  • Despite the bombings, Britain does not surrender

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The battle of Stalingrad
  • 1941 Hitler backstabbed Stalins Soviet Union
  • The battle of Stalingrad (1942)
  • Capture meant cutting the Soviet Unions supply
    route
  • Immediate success of German army
  • Stalin forces all civilians to remain within the
    city, resulting in thousands of deaths
  • German forces controlled 90 of the city

35
Battle of Stalingrad
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The Battle of Stalingrad
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The Battle of Stalingrad
  • Winter set in
  • Unprepared to fight in the severe winter weather,
    the German army was defeated
  • By the end of the battle, nearly 2 million
    casualties were inflicted on both sides
  • 1943First Nazi defeat
  • The turning point in the
  • war

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