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American%20literature%20I

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Title: American%20literature%20I


1
American literature I
VY_32_INOVACE_15-12
  • Colonial literature
  • First American novels

2
Colonial and post independence literature
  • Amer. literature a collection of literary
    British work, work of preceeding colonies and
    literature of the USA
  • first literary pieces
  • diaries from trips to the New World
  • political pamphlets Benjamin Franklin, Thomas
    Paine
  • sermons, travel books
  • oral stories Native Americans, Spanish and
    other settlers
  • topics
  • religion Puritans ---New England, Boston a
    centre of education and culture
  • political events
  • problems Indians X the Whites

3
Captain JOHN SMITH
  • 1580 - 1631
  • an English soldier, explorer, author
  • Colonization of New England, Virginia colony
    (Jamestown)
  • harsh weather, lack of water, living in swampy
    wilderness, unwillingness to work, attacks from
    Powhatan tribe
  • Who shall not work, shall not eat.
  • work
  • General Historie
  • story of Pocahontas
  • A map of Virginia
  • Description of New England a promotion of Am.
    colonisation, Adam and Eve

4
Pocahontas
  • Název Pocahontas-saves-Smith-NE-Chromo-1870.jpeg
  • AutorNew England Chromo. Lith. Co Zdroj
    http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FilePocahontas-saves
    -Smith-NE-Chromo-1870.jpeg

5
Political work
  • THOMAS PAINE
  • Common Sense
  • freedom from Britain
  • 1st part of Declar. of Indep.
  • BENJAMIN FRANKLIN
  • politician
  • founder of the USA
  • Autobiography
  • changes to draft of Declar. of Indep.
  • Governor of Pennsylvania, ambassador
  • scientist
  • lightning rod
  • bifocals
  • musician,
  • THOMAS JEFFERSON
  • a founder of the USA
  • a diplomat
  • an author of
  • Declaration of Independence (1776)
  • a Governor of Virginia
  • The third President of the USA (1801 09)

6
Thomas Jefferson
Declaration of Independence
  • Autor Rembrandt Peale
  • Název Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale,
    1800.jpg Zdroj http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File
    Thomas_Jefferson_by_Rembrandt_Peale,_1800.jpg

Autor William Stone, Název Us declaration
independence.jpg Zdroj http//en.wikipedia.org/w
iki/FileUs_declaration_independence.jpg
7
First American novelists
8
JAMES FENIMORE COOPER
  • 1789 - 1851
  • a pioneer of American novel
  • dismissed from Yale after 3 years
  • navy, farming
  • an author of the myth of Amer. West (X setting in
    NY)
  • The Leatherstocking Tales
  • 5 novels
  • The Deerslayer, The Last of the Mohicans, The
    Pathfinder, The Pioneers, The Prarie
  • Natty Bumppo a hero childohood ? death
  • white civilisation X Indians

9
WASHINGTON IRWING
  • 1783 1859
  • specialized in folk tales about Dutch settlers in
    N.Y. state
  • History of New York by Diedrich Knickerbocker
  • satire book
  • The Legend of a Sleepy Hollow
  • a sketch book
  • scary but funny Halloween story
  • Rip van Winkle
  • humour, wit, ENGL. vs. Amer.
  • - autobiography of G. Washington, Columbus
  • as first American made a living by writing
  • success in Europe

10
EDGAR ALLAN POE
  • LIFE
  • 1809 - 1849
  • born in Boston to an actor family
  • an orphan from 3, brought up by Allan family
  • studied one semester at university
  • joined the army
  • love, alcohol, drugs?
  • an editor of newspaper
  • author of short stories, horror genre, Gothic
    romance, detective fiction
  • influenced other writers Ch. Baudelaire, J.
    Verne, F. Dostojevskij, A.C. Doyle
  • WORK
  • poetry
  • The Raven
  • Annabel Lee
  • Eldorado
  • prose
  • The Fall of the House of Ushers
  • The Murders in the Rue Morque
  • short stories
  • The Pit and the Pendulum
  • The Black Cat
  • The Tell- Tale Heart Story

11
The Black Cat
  • Název Aubrey Beardsley - Edgar Poe 2.jpg
  • Autor Aubrey Beardsley Zdroj
    http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FileAubrey_Beardsley
    _-_Edgar_Poe_2.jpg

12
NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE
  • 1804 - 1864
  • wrote about Puritans and ther lives, pessimism
    and scepticism
  • The Scarlet Letter
  • Hester Prynn, priest Arth. Dimmesdale, husband
    Roger Chillingworth, daughter Pearl
  • symbol A letter adultery
  • symbolism, made into a film

13
E. A. Poe
N. Hawthorne
  • Autor C. T. Tatman, Název Edgar Allan Poe 2.jpg
  • Zdroj hhttp//cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/SouborEdgar
    _Allan_Poe_2.jpg
  • Autor Charles Osgood, Název Nathaniel
    Hawthorne.jpg
  • Zdroj http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FileNathaniel
    _Hawthorne.jpg

14
HERMAN MELVILLE
  • 1819 - 1891
  • 5 years as a sailor, experience, scepticism of
    human, essays, short stories, a novel
  • The Moby Dick
  • symbolic, metaphorical and allegorical work
  • a whaleship Pequod Pequot extinct Indian tribe
  • sailor Ishmael orphan, captain Ahab tyrany
    a tragic hero, Moby Dick God, nature, fate,
    ocean, universe
  • devoted to Hawthorne
  • symbolism, made into a film

15
Thank you for your attention.
  • Autor DUM Mgr. Darina Sikorová
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