Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (OHSMS) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (OHSMS)

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Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (OHSMS) ANSI Z10 History of a Standard or . Why do we need another standard? Roots are with ISO ISO 14000 TAG ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (OHSMS)


1
Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems
(OHSMS)
  • ANSI Z10

2
History of a Standard or.Why do we need another
standard?
  • Roots are with ISO
  • ISO 14000 TAG formed- 1993
  • Rosemont Meetings- May 6-7, 1996
  • ISO declines S H Standard 1995
  • BSI 8800 gives birth to 18000 Std.
  • ISO re-visits SH standard, narrowly
    rejected-2000
  • ILO develops guideline 2001
  • OSHA still pushing VPP and Program Standard

3
History of a Standard
  • AIHA approved as Secretariat- 1999
  • ASSE Fights Need- Mid 1999
  • AIHA Wins-Dec. 2000
  • Committee formed mid 2000
  • Committee Starts to Meet- Feb. 2001

4
Rationale-Per AIHA
  • Harmonization will help US Business
  • Improve protection of worker safety and health
  • Help integrate quality, environmental and SH
    Systems
  • Provide tools for future OSHA std.
  • Enhance US influence internationally
  • ANSI process best for stakeholders

5
Rationale-For Some Members
  • Influence look of potentially far reaching
    standard
  • Influence look of standard that could be model
    for OSHA standard
  • Influence potential ISO standard
  • Be part of glamorous standards development process

6
Intended Scope of Standard
  • Standard for SH management principles and
    systems
  • Continuous improvement of system
  • Integration of SH into business systems
  • Applicable to all size businesses
  • Compatible with existing international standards

7
Interest Sectors on Committee
  • Industry
  • Labor
  • Government
  • Professional Associations
  • General Interest
  • Liaisons to relevant standards

8
Early Meetings
  • Selection of composition of committee was in
    depth
  • Representation of all sectors was paramount
  • Argument for need was extensive
  • First meeting voted to exist!!!!
  • Struggled with what product should be

9
Early Meetings
  • Salvos were fired
  • Acrimonious at best
  • First two meetings were theory
  • Decided on outline
  • Settled into routine
  • Trust developed

10
Early Direction
  • Make something everyone could use
  • Performance standard
  • The Whats not How Tos
  • Not contradict existing international standards
  • Write systems oriented standard

11
OSHMS Model
12
Let the Games Begin!
  • Wrote Scope
  • Argued Scope
  • Identified Sections of Standard
  • Argued Sections of Standard
  • Formed subcommittees for drafting language for
    each of the sub-parts
  • Began drafting process
  • Insulted each others work
  • Formed editing committee

13
Standard Outline
  • 1. Scope, Purpose Applications
  • 2. Definitions
  • 3. References
  • 4. Management Leadership Employee
    Participation
  • 5. Planning
  • 6. Implementation Operation of OHSMS
  • 7. Checking Corrective Action
  • 8. Management Review

14
Scope, Purpose Application
  • Performance Requirements
  • Voluntary
  • Reqs for Management Systems
  • Not for OSHA Compliance
  • All Size Employers
  • Fits in with Other Standards
  • MEANT TO REDUCE RISKS!

15
Management Leadership Employee Participation
  • Requires Management Develop OHSMS
  • Policy-
  • Continually improve by reducing risk
  • Ensure employee participation
  • Conform with Orgs Requirements
  • Comply with laws and regulations

16
Management Leadership Employee Participation
  • Assign Responsibility Authority for
  • ?Implement./maint./perf. of OHSMS
  • ?Roles Responsibilities
  • ?Resources
  • Employee Participation by Providing
  • ?Provide with time and resources
  • ?Timely access to information
  • ?Remove obstacles to participation

17
Planning
  • Conduct Initial Review
  • Identify Hazards and Risks
  • Assess Prioritize Issues
  • Set Objectives
  • Develop Implementation Plans

18
Planning- Initial Review
  • The Organization shall gather and review
    information regarding
  • Relevant business management systems
  • Hazards, risks and controls
  • Resources
  • Relevant Regs, Stds, Internal Requirements
  • Assessments
  • Other relevant activities

19
Planning-Ongoing Review
  • Org shall establish ongoing review process
    based on
  • Implementation and operations
  • Evaluations and corrective actions
  • Management review

20
Planning-Assessment Prioritization
  • The Process Shall
  • Assess level of risk
  • Establish priorities
  • Identify casual factors
  • Set Objectives
  • Focus on system improvement
  • Document implementation plans
  • Assign resources

21
Implementation Operation
  • Identify Operational Elements of Plan
  • Identify Risk Controls
  • Hierarchy of Controls
  • Design Review/Management of Change
  • Procurement
  • Contractors
  • Emergency Preparedness
  • Education and Training

22
Implementation and Operation
  • Communication
  • Document Control
  • Records Control

23
Implementation-Operational Elements
  • Identify required elements for system
  • Integrate into management plan

24
Implementation-Hierarchy of Controls
  • Elimination
  • Substitution
  • Engineering
  • Administrative
  • Personal Protective Equipment

25
Implementation-Design Review Management of
Change
  • New Processes or Operations
  • Changes to existing operations, suppliers,
    services etc.

26
Implementation-Procurement
  • Identify risks associated with purchased
    products, raw materials
  • Establish requirements for supplies, equipment,
    raw materials
  • Ensure purchased products conform to requirements

27
Implementation-Contractors
  • Evaluate contractor activities
  • Contractor selection criteria
  • Coordination of OHSMS activities

28
Implementation- Emergency Preparedness
  • Develop plans based on potential scenarios
  • Periodic testing of plans

29
ImplementationEducation, Training Awareness
  • Assess and define competence needed
  • Ensure appropriate training
  • Remove barriers to participation
  • Provide in language employees understand
  • Ensure trainers are competent

30
Implementation-Communication
  • Communicate information regarding OHSMS to all
    levels of employees
  • Prompt reporting of incidents
  • Remove barriers to reporting
  • Encourage employees to make recommendations for
    corrective actions

31
Implementation-Document Record Control
  • Have process to create and maintain documents
  • Have document revision process
  • Have retention process

32
Checking Corrective Action
  • Monitoring Measurement
  • Audits
  • Incident Investigation
  • Corrective Preventative Actions
  • Responsibilities and Authorities
  • Checking Corrective Action Continual Improvement

33
Evaluation Corrective ActionMonitoring
Meaurement
  • Physical inspections
  • Exposure assessment
  • Injury/Illness tracking
  • Employee input
  • Occupational health assessment

34
Evaluation Corrective Action-Audits
  • Establish protocols
  • Determine frequency and scope of audits
  • Select expertise
  • Document results

35
Evaluation Corrective Action-Incident
Investigation
  • Develop process to investigate incidents
  • Have corrective and preventative action system
  • Feed back into process

36
Management Review
  • Periodic Assessment
  • Done by Top Management
  • Create Track Recommendations
  • Document and Report

37
Difference twixt Audits, Inspections and Reviews
  • Inspection/Tests..
  • Snapshot of the moment
  • Audits..
  • Measure against pre-agreed benchmark, protocol
    driven
  • Reviews.
  • State of the Union
  • Risks vs. the System

38
Timeline
  • Dec 03- Review of Final Draft
  • Jan 04- 60 Day Peer Review
  • April 04- Post Peer Review Final Draft for vote
  • July 04- Public Review
  • Second Half 04- Respond to Comments
  • 2005- Standard Vote
  • Standard Approved July 25th, 2005

39
In Summary
  • Performance Standard
  • Fairly Brief-No Sub-standards
  • Management Systems Standard
  • Blends with ISO and other OSH Standards
  • Limits Documentation
  • Fits All Business Sizes
  • Continuous Improvement

40
Questions?
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