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The Self

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The Self OVERVIEW Self-concept and self-esteem in adolescence and emerging adulthood Emotional variability Globalization and identity issues Self-reflection in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Self


1
  • The Self
  • OVERVIEW
  • Self-concept and self-esteem in adolescence and
    emerging adulthood
  • Emotional variability
  • Globalization and identity issues

2
Self-reflection in Adolescence
  • Enhanced cognitive capacity and brain development
    in adolescence means that adolescents change in
    their
  • self-conceptions
  • self-esteem
  • emotional understanding

3
Adolescent Self-image
  • Much of this work done by Susan Harter
  • As begin to view themselves in terms of personal
    beliefs and standards (less in terms of social
    comparisons)
  • As evaluate selves both globally and along
    several distinct dimensions
  • e.g., physical appearance scholastic athletic
    competence (see Table 6.1 on Harters
    Self-Perception Profile)
  • Multiple role-related selves (classmates
    presentation)

4
Self-esteem
  • The term Self-esteem was first coined by Wm
    James in the late 19th century.
  • Self-esteem more important in cultures that
    promote independent, individualistic self

Example National Association for Self-Esteem
(NASE) http//www.self-esteem-nase.org/ The
purpose of NASE is "to fully integrate
self-esteem into the fabric of American society
so that every individual, no matter what their
age or background, experiences personal worth and
happiness" (NASE, 2000).
5
Self-esteem in Early Adolescence
Self-esteem can go in a variety of different
directions generally researchers have found
decreases in S-E in early adolescence.
  • Across most groups, high S-E is related to
  • Parental approval
  • Peer support
  • Adjustment
  • Success in school

6
Self-esteem in Emerging Adulthood
For most people, self-esteem rises during
emerging adulthood.
7
Emotions in the adolescent self
  • Experience Sampling Method (ESM)
  • Method Adolescents are beeped randomly during
    the day and asked to record their emotional state
  • Findings
  • Adolescents record feeling self-conscious and
    embarrassed 2-3 times more than adults
  • Adolescents are moodier (and have more negative
    moods) than preadolescents

8
Culture and Identity
  • Erikson (1968)
  • Identity crisis why crisis? (what
    assumptions does he make?)
  • Now seen more positively as self-exploration
  • Timetable identity work comes late A or early
    adulthood
  • Identity confusion may be the result of
    difficulty handling all the choices available and
    an inability to decide among them

9
Culture and Identity
Identification with Ethnic Group Identification with Ethnic Group Identification with Ethnic Group Identification with Ethnic Group
Identification with Majority Culture High Low
Identification with Majority Culture High Bicultural Assimilated
Identification with Majority Culture Low Separated Marginal
Status Examples
Bicultural Being both Mexican and American is the best of both worlds.You have different strengths you can draw on in different situations.
Assimilated I dont really think of myself as Asian American, just as American.
Separated I am not part of two cultures. I am just Black.
Marginal When Im with my Indian friends, I feel White, and when Im with my White friends, I feel Indian. I dont really feel I belong with either of them.
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