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Module 5: Adolescence


Module 5: Adolescence Ch 2 Life Span Development – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Module 5: Adolescence

Module 5 Adolescence
  • Ch 2 Life Span Development

  • Think of the person you were when puberty hit
    are you the same person now?
  • What has changed?
  • What celebrations did you have when this
  • No longer a child, yet not an adult.
  • This is probably the most dramatic change you
    will ever face!

Adolescence back in the day
  • 13 adult celebration
  • Next marriage!
  • Female child-rearing and domestic work.
  • Male hunter
  • In early 1800s
  • 8th grade was the end of education, must work!
  • Many married with children before 20 years!

Adolescence today
  • Adolescence
  • Period between childhood and adulthood.
  • Adult status is reached later these days.
  • Longer to finish school, get married, have kids.
  • Many want to stay financially dependent on
    parents for longer.
  • Begins with sexual maturation.
  • Now happens about 2 years earlier.
  • Creates tension because part of them is adult and
    part isntlets discuss this!
  • Teen pregnancy for example.

Sound familiar?
  • When you want to be an adult, the message can be
    to be patient and waitwhen you want to act
    childlike, you hear that you should grow up and
    act your age.
  • Parents arent ready to let you have
  • What are other common themes of this time of life?

Physical changes during adolescence
  • Puberty
  • Time when a person matures sexually.
  • Hormones that bring on physical and emotional
    changes start this stage.
  • Girls about 11, boys about 13 years old.
  • What puberty brings
  • Growth spurts
  • Early middle school girls can be taller, but
    around 8th/9th boys outgrow females.
  • Primary sex characteristics
  • Reproductive organs.
  • See chart pg. 83
  • Secondary sex characteristics
  • Breast development,
    facial hairless related to reproduction.

Question the Sexes!
  • Lets split up the room girls on one side, boys
    on the other. Think of three questions youd
    like to ask each other. Well all learn together!

Adolescent development
  • Obvious signs of puberty
  • Menstruation for girls and beginning of
    ejaculation for boys.
  • Sexuality has cognitive and cultural factors.
  • Music, media, movies, internet, etc.
  • Safe sex vs. abstinence
  • Sexual orientation
  • Ones attraction toward people of a particular
  • 3-4 of males, 1-2 of females are exclusively
  • 1 bisexual.
  • What determines sexual orientation?
  • Nature or nurture?
  • Choice or no?

  • Watch the video
  • Read the article

Stages of development
  • Piaget, Kohlberg, Freud Erikson

Adolescent Reasoning
  • At the beginning of this time, Jean Piaget says
    we are at the formal operational stage.
  • When we develop adult thinking and reasoning.
  • Formal logic abstract thinking are possible and
    this represents a qualitative change.
  • Dont think more you think differently.
  • Doesnt happen all the time, at this stage you
    tend to think more of yourself than anything
  • Falling in love for the 1st time, breaking up,
  • Can focus on idealistic thinking, and can
    totally devote yourself to a cause quite

Lawrence Kohlberg morality
  • Morality
  • Ones sense of right and wrong.
  • Kohlberg felt our way of thinking about moral
    situations changes with our level of development.

He posed moral dilemmas to participants in
  • Page 86.
  • Wasnt interested in whether the person thought
    Heinz was right or wrong.
  • Instead, what reasoning did people use to make
    their decisions?
  • Came up with three levels of moral development
  • Preconventional moral reasoning (concern with
    self), conventional moral reasoning (concern with
    fitting in), and postconventional moral reasoning
    (concern with broader ethical issues).

Kohlbergs Levels of Moral Reasoning
Another way to see it
  • Pre-conventional
  • Student working on an assignment, I better do
    well on this worksheet, or the teacher will be
    mad at me.
  • Conventional level
  • Working on a book report, I hope I do as well as
    everyone else in the class so I dont stand out.
  • Post-conventional
  • Teacher reading a book, my new approach to
    distributing food could end hunger in the world.

Criticism to Kohlberg
  • Postconventional stage not supported.
  • Stage mostly occurs in white male population.
  • Groups that value individualism.
  • Think for yourself, stand on your own two feet!
  • In communal cultures, the notion that
    postcoventional morality is superior to
    conventional morality receives little support.
  • North American women are more communal and do not

Social Development in AdolescenceErik Erikson
  • Theory of social development.
  • Certain issues peak during different periods of
    life, including adolescence.
  • Life span divided into 8 stages from infancy to
    late adulthood.
  • Each stage has a psychosocial development task.
  • Challenge, how individuals handle the task will
    lead to a more desirable or less desirable

Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development
  • How do we search for our identity?
  • Experimentation
  • Healthy and not
  • Career, drugs, etc.
  • Rebellion
  • Same values as rents?
  • Self-destructive?
  • Self-ishness
  • Different cliques
  • Teen friendships temporary?
  • Life long friends, later in life.
  • Optimism Energy
  • Good outlook
  • Dont tolerate things
    (pollution, civil rights)
  • See, know, love handout!
  • Primary task of adolescence according to Erikson
  • A strong, consistent sense of who and what you

Erikson IndependenceDeveloping
Intimacy From the family
  • Says you strive to achieve intimacy
  • A close, sharing, emotional, and honest
    relationship with others.
  • Spouses, friends, family members.
  • Doesnt have to be sexual!
  • Intimacy vs. Isolation
  • Baggage
  • Cant share yourself honestly and openly if you
    are confused about your sense of self.
  • Speeds up in this stage.
  • Primary attachment to parents shifts to peers.
  • Mall example.
  • See page 92.

Freud and Adolescence
  • Genital stage
  • Ids pleasure seeking principals are focused on
    sexual acts.

3 Key Development Issues
  • 1.) Continuity and Stages
  • Are we tadpoles turning into frogs?
  • Are we saplings growing into trees?
  • Cognitive development
  • Moral development
  • Social development
  • Adolescence relies on continuity and stages.

3 Key Development Issues
  • 2.) Stability and Change
  • Tempermant and valuesstay constant.
  • Relationships and certain behaviors change.
  • 3.) Nature and Nurture
  • Nature important with sexual feelings and
  • Nurture also learn about expressing sexuality
    from families and society.