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Belief in a higher kind of knowledge than can be achieved by human reason

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Belief in a higher kind of knowledge than can ... TRANSCENDENTALISM In philosophy and ... placed central importance on emotions and the individual emphasized ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Belief in a higher kind of knowledge than can be achieved by human reason


1
TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • Belief in a higher kind of knowledge than can
    be achieved by human reason

2
TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • Can you
  • pronounce it?

Can you spell it?
3
TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • In philosophy and literature, belief in a higher
    reality than that found in sense experience
  • or
  • belief in a higher kind of
  • knowledge than that achieved by human reason

4
TRANSCENDENTALISTS BELIEVED
  • God gave humankind the gift of intuition,
  • the gift of insight,
  • the gift of inspiration.

Why waste such a gift?
5
TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • Began in Germany
  • Immanuel Kant, philosopher
  • 1700s
  • Developed in United States in 1836
  • Transcendental Club
  • Boston
  • 1836
  • led by Ralph Waldo Emerson

6
RALPH WALDO EMERSON
  • author
  • essayist
  • lecturer
  • philosopher
  • Unitarian minister

7
TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • Emerson and the Transcendentalists led the search
    for truth
  • in nature
  • through self-reliance
  • No law can be sacred to me but that of my
    nature. Emerson

8
ROOTS OF TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • Puritanism
  • belief in God as a powerful force
  • belief that each individual can experience God
    first-hand

9
Roots of Transcendentalism
  • Romanticism
  • placed central importance on emotions and the
    individual
  • emphasized intuition and inner perception of
    truth that differs from reason
  • emphasized natures beauty, strangeness, and
    mystery
  • emphasized individual expression and artistic
    freedom

10
TRANSCENDENTAL BELIEFS
  • OVERSOUL
  • man, universe, and nature are intertwined

man universe nature
11
TRANSCENDENTAL BELIEFS
  • RELATIONSHIP
  • all has its place

12
TRANSCENDENTAL BELIEFS
  • OPTIMISTIC
  • all is good

evil is an illusion
13
TRANSCENDENTAL BELIEFS
  • INDIVIDUALISM
  • be true to ones own inner perception or intuition

If I know it is truth, then it is truth.
14
TRANSCENDENTAL BELIEFS
  • UNLIMITED POTENTIAL OF EACH INDIVIDUAL
  • set high goals to improve

15
TRANSCENDENTAL BELIEFS
  • NATURE IS TRUTH
  • it can be a guide to higher understanding

Nature symbolizes God or the inner life of human
beings
16
HENRY DAVID THOREAU
  • Lived the philosophy of Transcendentalism that
    Emerson espoused
  • Spent 26 months at Walden Pond to live
    deliberately - to front only the essential facts
    of life . . .

17
TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • Transcendentalism began with a few and grew.
  • This philosophy lasted for several years in New
    England
  • It ended as the Civil War began.

18
TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • Now study the primary resources from the Library
    of Congress that have been collected from among
    Walt Whitmans possessions and prove that he was
    a transcendentalist.

THE END
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