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18.2The Spanish-American War (1898)

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18.2 The Spanish-American War (1898) IDENTIFY: The causes and key events of the war UNDERSTAND: How the US acquired Spanish colonies. WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF THE ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 18.2The Spanish-American War (1898)


1
18.2 The Spanish-American War (1898)
  • IDENTIFY The causes and key events of the war
  • UNDERSTAND How the US acquired Spanish colonies.

2
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3
WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR?
  • Jose Martí leading fight for Cuban independence
    from Spain
  • Spanish General Valeriano Weyler cracks down on
    Cuba, creates concentration camps, thousands
    die of hunger disease
  • Hearst and Pulitzers US papers fuel war fever
    with orange journalism
  • De Lome Letter criticizes Pres. McKinley
  • The explosion of the USS Maine Feb. 15, 1898
  • Hearst and Pulitzers US papers fuel war fever
    with yellow journalism

4
USS Maine before
http//www.history.navy.mil/photos/images/h46000/h
46774.jpg
5
USS Maine after
6
Why did McKinley call for war with Spain?
  • Popular
  • Business interests
  • Spanish despotism
  • Yellow Press/jingoism
  • Maine Incident

7
Timeline of Spanish-American War
February 15, 1898
April 20, 1898
May 1, 1898
July 25, 1898
August 12, 1898
February 6, 1899
8
Timeline of Spanish-American War
February 15, 1898 Battleship Maine mysteriously explodes and sinks near the Cuban coast, 260 Americans die
April 20, 1898 United States goes to war with Spain
May 1, 1898 Admiral Dewey steams into Manila Bay and destroys Spanish fleet
July 25, 1898 United States troops invade Puerto Rico
August 12, 1898 United States and Spain sign armistice (cease fire)
February 6, 1899 Senate passes Treaty of Paris
9
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10
Spanish-American War
  • Q Who had the advantage at the beginning of the
    war?
  • A Spain had more soldiers and a bigger navy
  • Q How did the Philippines become involved?
  • A UNDER-Secretary Teddy Roosevelt ordered
    Commodore George Dewey to attack Manila

11
  • Who are the Rough Riders?
  • regiment of American volunteers , including
    cowboys, polo players, ex-convictsand Teddy
    Roosevelt
  • Why are they historically significant?

http//www.etsu.edu/cas/history/resources/Private/
Faculty/Fac_From1877ChapterDoc/ChapterImages/Ch19R
ooseveltandtheRough20Riders.jpg
12
Rough Riders http//www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898
/img/grprord.jpg
13
Charge of San Juan Hill Historical Significance
Establishes reputation of TR and the United
States as a world power.
Painting by Frederic Remington
Who is missing from this picture?
14
Buffalo Soldiers
15
OUTCOMES p. 534
  • 379 US combat deaths, 5000 deaths from disease
  • Treaty of Paris of 1898
  • -Cuba freed (Platt Amendment)
  • -Guam and Puerto Rico are US possessions
  • -Philippines purchased for 20 million then
  • annexed to US
  • Increase in American prestige abroad

16
What were the arguments against expanding
Americas empire?
  • Violate our own fundamental beliefs
  • Competition for American labor

17
18.3 Acquiring New Lands
  • OBJECTIVE Understand how US imperialism
    developed and how the US acquired Cuba, Puerto
    Rico, and the Philippines

18
The US in Puerto Rico
  • Luis Munoz Rivera (La Democrazia)
  • Had gained limited self rule from Spain in 1897
  • US government makes no promises about their
    future during the war with Spain
  • No real agreement as to what they wanted
  • Independence?
  • Statehood?
  • Combination of both?
  • The Foraker Act set terms of relationship. No
    citizenship and the US President could appoint
    governor

19
Cuba Becomes a Protectorate
  • The Teller Amendment no intent to annex or
    control Cuba
  • The Platt Amendment Us insists that it be added
    to their new Constitution
  • No treaties that might limit Cuban Independence
  • The US can intervene to maintain order
  • Cuba can not go into debt
  • The US can buy or lease land in Cuba for naval
    and coaling stations
  • PROTECTORATE? Why?

20
  • MOTIVATING IDEAS OF IMPERIALISM
  • ALTRUISM
  • COMMERCE
  • RACIAL SUPERIORITY
  • NATIONAL HONOR
  • And one night it came to me this way-I dont
    know how it was, but it came (1) that we could
    not give them back to Spain that would be
    cowardly and dishonorable (2) that we could not
    turn them over to France or Germany-our
    commercial rivals in the Orient that would be bad
    business and discreditable (3) that we could not
    leave them to themselves the were unfit for
    self-government and they would soon have anarchy
    and misrule over there worse than Spains was
    and (4) that there was nothing left for us to do
    but to take them all, and to educate they
    Filipinos, and uplift and civilize and
    Christianize them, and by Gods grace do the very
    best we could by them, as our fellowmen for whom
    Christ also died. And then I went to bed, and
    went to sleep and slept soundly.
  • -President McKinley reflecting on what to do
    with the Philippines after the Spanish American
    war.

21
The Philippine revolt
  • Emilio Aguinaldo proclaims independence in
    January 1899 by February armed revolt had begun
  • US concentration camps
  • 70,000 US soldiers many buffalo soldiers
  • Problem?

22
Results and aftermath
  • 3 years 20,000 rebels and 4,000 American lives
    lost
  • 400 Million dollars (20x the price paid)
  • Same government as Puerto Rico
  • Taft governor of Island for 3 years
  • POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE?

23
China and the open door
  • Philippines were a gateway to China HOWEVER
    European powers had already carved China into
    Spheres of Influence
  • US Secretary of State John Hay issues a series of
    statements called the OPEN DOOR NOTES
  • open access to chinas coastal ports
  • Eliminate special priveliges for any trading
    nation
  • Maintain Chinas Independence
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