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Introduction to Qualitative Research

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Introduction to Qualitative Research Philosophical Assumptions Ontology: Metaphysical study of being and the nature of reality Axiology: Study of nature of values and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Qualitative Research


1
Introduction to Qualitative Research
2
Philosophical Assumptions
  • Ontology Metaphysical study of being and the
    nature of reality
  • Axiology Study of nature of values and
    judgements (overriding goal)
  • Epistemology Study of the nature of knowledge,
    its presuppositions and foundations, and its
    extent and validity

3
Positivistic vs. Interpretive
  • Ontological nature of reality
  • Objective
  • Single
  • Divisible
  • Nature of social beings
  • Deterministic
  • Reactive
  • Ontological nature of reality
  • Socially constructed
  • Multiple
  • Holistics/Contextual
  • Nature of social beings
  • Voluntaristic
  • Proactive

4
Positivistic Vs. Interpretive
  • Axiological
  • Explanation via subsumption under general laws
  • Axiological
  • Understanding based on Verstehen

5
Positivistic Vs. Interpretive
  • Epistemological
  • Knowledge Generation
  • Idiographic
  • Time-bound
  • Context-dependent
  • View of Causality
  • Multiple, simultaneous shaping
  • Research relationship
  • Interactive, cooperative
  • No privileged point of observation
  • Epistemological
  • Knowledge Generation
  • Nomothetic
  • Time-free
  • Context-independent
  • View of Causality
  • Real causes exist
  • Research relationship
  • Dualism, separation
  • Privileged point of observation

6
Qualitative Inquiry
  • Qualitative questions why or how
  • Fit of Question and Method
  • Sampling and Saturation
  • Purposeful, convenience, nominated, theoretical
  • Data saturation

7
Methods
  • Ethnography
  • Focused ethnography (decision making)
  • Critical ethnography (aids emancipation)
  • Phenomenology
  • Experience snapshots
  • Describing the essence of human experience
  • Grounded theory
  • Highly inductive
  • Iterative process evolving theory

8
Methods
  • Narrative
  • Story that reveals persons experiences
  • Represents larger social experience
  • Case Study
  • Intrinsic (understanding 1 case)
  • Instrumental (refining theory)
  • Collective (several instrumental cases, looking
    for broader context)

9
Methods
  • Participatory Action Research
  • Reflects needs of the people
  • Group ownership of process (involvement of
    participants from design to results)
  • Conducted to solve social or community problems

10
Data Collection
  • Interviews (depth)
  • Observation
  • Field Notes
  • Documents
  • Video, photographs

11
Triangulation
  • Uses a combination of more than one research
    strategy in a single investigation.
  • Data time, space, person
  • Investigator complimenting areas of expertise
  • Theory testing and comparison of theories
  • Methods simultaneous sequential implementation
    (separate analysis)
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