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Overview of GIS projects

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Title: Functional approach to GIS design and implementation Author: Sungsoon Hwang Last modified by: Sungsoon Hwang Created Date: 3/29/2006 4:15:13 AM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Learn more at: http://gis.depaul.edu
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Title: Overview of GIS projects


1
Overview of GIS projects
  • Geog 463
  • March 29, 2006

2
Outlines
  1. Scope of GIS projects
  2. Methodology for GIS implementation plan
  3. Project management techniques
  4. Guideline for P1 Needs assessment

3
1. Scope of GIS project
  • Single-purpose GIS project
  • Initiated to serve one-time objectives
  • Departmental GIS project
  • A department is responsible for implementing GIS
    functionalities
  • Enterprise GIS project
  • Many functions are shared between different
    department, thus implementing GIS projects across
    multiple departments make sense (MPLIS chapter 16
    describes the Enterprise GIS project)
  • Will benefit from system integration
  • Increasing strategic roles of GIS in an
    organization
  • Societal GIS project
  • Cost sharing by the society as a whole

4
2. Methodology for GIS implementation plan
  • Needs assessment (p. 22)
  • Functional needs
  • Data needs
  • Processing needs
  • System requirement (p. 22)
  • Hardware/software needs
  • Personnel/training needs
  • Procedural needs
  • Institutional needs

From MPLIS Chapter 16
5
Hierarchy of needs in developing GIS
  • See Figure 16-1
  • Functional needs ? data/processing needs ?
    hardware/software requirement ? personnel needs ?
    training needs ? procedurals needs ?
    institutional needs ? legal needs

6
Functional needs
  • Identify activities which an organization perform
    to carry out its mission
  • Identify all of their organizational units
  • List the functions that require maps or other
    geographic information
  • Figure 16-2 list of functions requiring
    geographic information (dept function)

7
Data needs
  • Geographic information needs inventory
  • See Figure 16-3
  • Identifies which maps or data are important for
    successful completion of each function in the
    unit
  • Describe problems of current data and point out
    future needs as well
  • Map inventory form will help you clarify on
    issues involved in map use (Figure 16-5)

8
Processing needs
  • Define how the data are to be used to fulfill the
    functional needs of the organization
  • Application definition form (Figure 16-9)
    contains data input requirements, processing
    requirements, and output products

9
3. Project management techniques
  • WBS (Work Breakdown Structure) chart
  • Gantt chart
  • PERT (Program Evaluation and Review Technique)

10
WBS
A WBS chart displays the structure of a project
showing how a project is organized into summary
(phase) and detail levels.
11
Gantt chart
a tool for displaying the progression of a
project in the form of a specialized chart
12
PERT
A PERT chart displays the tasks in a project
along with the dependencies between these tasks.
Using a PERT chart is a great way to define and
display the dependency relationships that exist
between tasks.
13
Fifteen Project Management Job Functions
  • Define scope of project
  • Identify stakeholders, decision-makers, and
    escalation procedures
  • Develop detailed task list (work breakdown
    structures)
  • Estimate time requirements
  • Develop initial project management flow chart
  • Identify required resources and budget
  • Evaluate project requirements
  • Identify and evaluate risks Prepare contingency
    plan
  • Identify interdependencies
  • Identify and track critical milestones
  • Participate in project phase review
  • Secure needed resources
  • Manage the change control process
  • Report project status

"Building a Foundation for Tomorrow Skills
Standards for Information Technology," Northwest
Center for Emerging Technologies, Belleview, WA,
1999
14
4. Needs assessment
  • Writing points
  • Arrange the meeting for needs assessment

15
P1 Needs assessment
  • Goal
  • What it is to be done
  • Research question
  • Background
  • Client/Stakeholder
  • Aspects
  • Literature Review
  • Objectives
  • need to know questions
  • Information
  • Categories
  • nouns of need to know
  • questions
  • Information
  • Products
  • Contain information categories
  • How to present info?
  • Text, tables, maps, graphs

16
Needs Assessment Meeting Objectives
  • learn about the clients organization
  • determine who are the stakeholders/users
  • help the client to understand the capabilities of
    GIS
  • determine what the clients goals or what they
    need to know
  • begin to identify background resources and data
    sources
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