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Critical thinking\argumentation and persuasion

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Critical thinking\argumentation and persuasion Persuasion To persuade is to convince someone that a particular opinion or point of view is the correct one. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Critical thinking\argumentation and persuasion


1
Critical thinking\argumentation and persuasion
2
Persuasion
  • To persuade is to convince someone that a
    particular opinion or point of view is the
    correct one.

3
  • Any time you argue with a friend, you are each
    trying to persuade , to convince , the other that
    your opinion is the right one.
  • Commercials on TV are another form of persuasion
    .
  • You will often have to persuade in writing.
  • Once you learn how to persuade logically and
    rationally, you will be less likely to accept the
    false , misleading and emotional arguments that
    you hear and read everyday.

4
Methods Of Persuasion
  • Facts Facts are simply statements of what is.
    They should appeal to the readers mind not just
    to the emotions. The source of your facts should
    be clear to the reader.
  • Avoid the vague everyone knows that or it is
    common knowledge or they all say. Such
    statements would make your reader suspect your
    facts.
  • Referring to an authority An authority is an
    expert , someone who can be relied on to give
    unbiased facts and information.
  • If you wish to convince your audience that
    smoking is dangerous habit , you might use one of
    the surgeon generals warning.

5
  • Examples An example should clearly relate to an
    argument.
  • Avoid examples that are not suitable enough to
    support your general statement. That your friend
    was once bitten by a dog does not adequately
    prove that all dogs are dangerous pets.
  • Predicting the consequences This helps the
    reader to visualize what will occur if something
    does or does not happen.
  • Avoid exaggerating the consequences. For
    instance, telling the reader if you dont eat
    fresh fruit everyday , you will never be truly
    healthy.

6
  • Answering the opposition Answering possible
    critics show that you are aware of the
    oppositions argument and are able to respond to
    it.
  • Avoid calling the opposition fools or crooks.
    Attack their ideas not them.

7
Considering the Audience
  • Pay special attention to the audience as you
    write a persuasive paragraph.
  • A persuasive paper should be directed towards a
    particular audience. It is helpful to consider
    just what kind of evidence this audience would
    respond to.
  • When you take your audience into consideration ,
    you will make your persuasive paragraph more
    convincing.
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