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INTRODUCTION TO NONFICTION

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Title: INTRODUCTION TO NONFICTION Author: Louisville Schools Last modified by: Heniss, Kathryn Created Date: 1/24/2010 5:43:43 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: INTRODUCTION TO NONFICTION


1
INTRODUCTION TO NONFICTION
2
WHAT IS NONFICTION?
  • The subjects of nonfiction are real people, and
    the events are actual happenings.
  • Nonfiction can tell a true story, explain an
    idea, and give facts and information.
  • (Notes)

3
TYPES OF NONFICTION
  • Biography
  • The life story of someone written by another.
  • Autobiography
  • A writers own life story.
  • Newspaper
  • a paper that is printed and distributed usually
    daily or weekly and that contains news, articles
    of opinion, features, and advertising
  • Magazine Article
  • a periodical containing miscellaneous pieces (as
    articles, stories, poems) and often illustrated

4
TYPES OF NONFICTION
  • Expository essay
  • Explains and informs
  • Personal essay
  • A informal account of a persons experiences.
  • Reflective essay
  • Reveals the writers thoughts and an idea or
    experience
  • Narrative essay
  • A true story that may focus on a character other
    than the writer.
  • Persuasive essay
  • Presents an argument for or attempts to convince
    readers of this position.

5
ELEMENTS OF NONFICTION
  • Argument/Persuasive Writing
  • Cause and Effect
  • Chronological Order
  • Classification and Definition
  • Comparison and Contrast
  • Connotation and Denotation
  • Editorial
  • Fact and Opinion
  • Interview
  • Lead
  • Main Idea
  • Problem and Solution
  • Propaganda Techniques
  • Topic Sentence and Supporting Details
  • Viewpoint

6
WHY READ NONFICTION?
  • Nonfiction tell about real characters and events
    or contains personal views of a real person.
  • People read nonfiction to
  • Be informed
  • Learn about others
  • To reflect on someone elses thoughts, concerns,
    or position on a particular subject

7
HOW TO READ NONFICTION
  • Use organization
  • Chronological
  • Order of importance
  • Spatial order
  • Understand authors purpose
  • To amuse, persuade, inform
  • Distinguish between fact and opinion
  • Can a statement be proven true?
  • Is it a personal belief?
  • Is it supported by factual evidence?
  • Evaluate Support
  • Learn to evaluate support for bias and
    stereotypes

(Notes--bolded and 3 types of Organization)
8
5 Ws Graphic Organizer Gathers key information
about a subject in order to learn more about it.
  • Who?
  • What?
  • When?
  • Where?
  • Why?

9
Main Idea Organizer Helps you sort out the big
ideas and the smaller details. This tool works
best with nonfiction, such as biography, magazine
articles, persuasive writing, and textbooks.
Main Idea Write what you think is the biggest,
most important idea here.
Detail
Detail
Detail
Write details here.
Write details here.
Write details here.
Conclusion Write the conclusion the author makes.
10
Nonfiction Organizer Helps you sort out what you
learn in essays, articles, speeches, editorials,
and so on. It divides these nonfiction works into
three parts introduction, body, conclusion.
Subject Write the general subject here.
Introduction Describe the ideas in the first
one or two paragraphs here.
Body Write three or four details, points,
or topics from the middle here.
Conclusion Note what happens or what the
author says in the last paragraph or two here.
11
Outline A outline helps you understand the
organization of what you are reading. Use words
or phrases (topic outline) or full sentence
(sentence outline) to sort out main ideas,
topics, and subtopics.
  • I. Main Topic 1
  • A. Subtopic
  • B. Subtopic
  • C. Subtopic
  • II. Main Topic 2
  • A. Subtopic
  • B. Subtopic
  • C. Subtopic

First, find the two, three, or four main topics
and write them next to the Roman Numerals.
Under each main topic, write two or more
subtopics.
12
Summary Notes Summary notes help you focus on the
most important parts of what you are reading,
whether it is fiction or nonfiction. Make your
summary as detailed as you want.
Title or Topic Write the title or topic here.
Main Point Write what the main point or idea
here.
1. 2. 3. 4.
List three or four smaller, related points that
support the main idea here.
13
EVALUATING SUPPORT
  • An authors message should be backed up with
    support (details and examples)
  • SOME support may be inaccurate because of bias
    and stereotypes, THUS prohibiting the reader to
    get the true picture.
  • Bias -A preconceived attitude towards an idea,
    thing, person, group, or situation
  • Stereotyping -Using one individual or a small
    group as the representation of the whole group

(Notes--2 definitions)
14
STEREOTYPES MEN VS. WOMEN
  • Male Stereotypes
  • Female Stereotypes

15
STEREOTYPES MEN VS. WOMEN
  • How could bias create stereotypes towards
    different genders, groups, races, nationalities,
    or religions?

Answer in a well-written five to seven sentence
paragraph.
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