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WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: USER Created Date: 2/2/2001 8:15:52 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Other titles: Times New Roman Arial ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT


1
WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT
  • 27th PRESIDENT
  • 1908-1912

2
WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT
  • Known as the Reluctant President - I dont
    remember that I ever was President.
  • Teddy Roosevelts hand-picked successor
  • Jovial, genial, conscientious, desire to avoid
    conflict
  • Always wanted to be a judge
  • Only Pres. to ever also serve as Chief Justice of
    the Supreme Court

3
QUALIFICATIONS
  • Graduate of Yale (2nd in class!)
  • Ohio Judge
  • Federal Circuit Court Judge
  • Governor of the Philippines
  • Secretary of War under TR
  • Supporter of the Square Deal
  • Liked by the Old Guard a/w/a/ progressives of the
    Republican Party

4
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5
TAFT TRIVIA
  • Largest President, over 300 lbs.
  • Titanic sunk on April 14, 1912, during his
    presidency.
  • Started a new tradition when he threw the 1st
    ball on opening day of the baseball season
  • Kept cows on the White House lawn milked Pauline
    every morning
  • Bought the White House its first car, a Ford
    Model-T, and turned the stable into a 4 car
    garage
  • Had to order a special bathtub for the White
    House, because he got stuck in the old one

6
TAFTS TUB
7
  • Public had a low opinion of Taft
  • Much more conservative than Roosevelt
  • Felt he was destroying Roosevelts Square Deal

8
DOLLAR DIPLOMACY
  • Use foreign policy to protect American
    investments abroad
  • Use American money to uphold foreign policy
    (investment in areas of concern to U.S.
    Caribbean China)
  • Revolutions in Caribbean
  • U.S. intervention
  • Nicaragua, Marines 1911
  • Cuba, Honduras, Haiti

9
GREATEST FAILURES 1- PAYNE-ALDRICH TARIFF
  • Believed high tariffs encouraged monopo-lies so
    attempts to lower tariff rates
  • BUT 800 amendments added to this tariff bill in
    Congress
  • SO the tariff actually turns out to be higher
    than what Congress started with
  • Taft signs anyway - allowed a corporation tax
    Tariff Commission
  • Public opinion is very low

10
2-BALLINGER-PINCHOT CONTROVERSY
  • Over Conservation
  • Pinchot - Chief Forester - accuses Ballinger
    Tafts Sec. Of Interior - of opening public
    western lands to private developers
  • Taft sides with Ballinger fires Pinchot
  • Ballingers reputation ruined forced to resign
    due to the public outcry
  • Taft seen as selling the Square Deal down the
    river!

11
3 - SUPPORT OF SPEAKER CANNON
  • Speaker of the House, Joe Cannon, was
    dictatorial opposed to most progressive
    legislation (particularly conservation)
  • Taft refused to side openly with the Progressives
    who opposed the Speaker supported the Old Guard
    conservatives
  • Public opinion falls again
  • Republicans do poorly in 1910 congressional
    elections

12
ACHIEVEMENTS during Tafts Administration
  • BETTER TRUSTBUSTER THAN ROOSEVELT
  • Busts up Standard Oil, American Tobacco, American
    Sugar Refining

13
ACHIEVEMENTS during Tafts Administration
  • ARIZONA AND NEW MEXICO ADMITTED AS 47th 48th
    STATES
  • Empowered ICC even further - Mann-Elkins Act, 1910
  • Established 8 hour day for govt contract workers
    mine safety legislation
  • 16TH AMENDMENT, gives Congress authority to
    collect an income tax
  • 17TH AMENDMENT, provides for the direct election
    of U.S. Senators

14
Roosevelts view on Tafts performance as
President
15
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16
THE CANDIDATES
PROGRESSIVE Theodore Roosevelt
REPUBLICAN William H. Taft
DEMOCRAT Woodrow Wilson
17
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18
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19
PLATFORMS
TAFT
  • Did no real campaigning
  • He believed Wilson would win therefore did
    nothing.
  • The real battle was between Roosevelt Wilson
    who both supported progressivism, but under
    different labels.
  • Won Republican
  • nomination over
  • Roosevelt

20
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21
Roosevelts Bull Moose Party
  • NEW NATIONALISM
  • Emphasizes a federal govt strong enough to
    impose nationwide solutions on big business.
  • Supports Progressive reforms in child labor,
    minimum wage, workers comp., etc.
  • Major difference with Wilson is with
    trusts/business seeks strong govt control of
    big business, not destruction
  • Magnetic Personality
  • Dynamic speaker who appealed to emotions

22
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23
THE BULL MOOSE PARTY
Video The Bull Moose
24
  • NEW FREEDOM
  • Appealed to reason and conscience persuasive
  • A convert to progressivism
  • No real political experience took 46 ballots for
    nomination
  • Platform seeks banking reform tariff
    reductions opposes govt-sponsored social
    welfare

WILSON
Aloof idealistic
  • Major difference with TR - viewed monopolies as
    evils to be destroyed, not regulated they are
    the antithesis of free competition favors small
    entrepreneurship sees TRs plan as giving
    federal govt too much power in economy

25
The Professor
  • Wins by partisan politics
  • Split in Republican Party his support by both
    conservative liberal Democrats gives him the
    election

26
RESULTS
27
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28
WILSON TAFT, INAUGURATION DAY 1913
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