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The Declaration of Independence

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The Declaration of Independence Overall the Declaration of Independence was, and is the single greatest United States document. This is because of the freedom it ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Declaration of Independence


1
The Declaration of Independence
2
Summary
  • Overall the Declaration of Independence was, and
    is the single greatest United States document.
  • This is because of the freedom it provided from
    Great Britains oppressive rule!

3
The meeting of the Continental Congress
  • In September 1774, 55 men arrived in the city of
    Philadelphia. These men have come to establish a
    political body to represent American interests
    and challenge British control. They called the
    new organization the Continental Congress

4
The meeting of the Continental Congress (cont.)
  • On May 10, the Continental Congress adopted a
    resolution that urged the states to from their
    own independent governments to replace the
    defunct royal governments. Despite this action,
    opinion remained divided over wisdom of having
    congress itself make a statement of independence

5
When in the Course of human events, it becomes
necessary for one people to dissolve the
political bands which have connected them with
another, and to assume among the powers of the
earth, the separate and equal station to which
the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle
them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind
requires that they should declare the causes
which impel them to the separation.We hold these
truths to be self-evident, that all men are
created equal, that they are endowed by their
Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that
among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of
Happiness.
Words that persuaded our freedom
6
Chronology of Events
  • 1776
  • June 7 -- Congress, meeting in Philadelphia,
    receives Richard Henry Lee's resolution urging
    Congress to declare independence.
  • June 11 -- Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin
    Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston
    appointed to a committee to draft a declaration
    of independence. American army retreats to Lake
    Champlain from Canada.
  • June 12 - 27 -- Jefferson, at the request of the
    committee, drafts a declaration, of which only a
    fragment exists. Jefferson's clean, or "fair"
    copy, the "original Rough draught," is reviewed
    by the committee. Both documents are in the
    manuscript collections of the Library of
    Congress.
  • June 28 -- A fair copy of the committee draft of
    the Declaration of Independence is read in
    Congress.

7
Chronology of Events (cont.)
  • July 1 - 4 -- Congress debates and revises the
    Declaration of Independence.
  • July 2 -- Congress declares independence as the
    British fleet and army arrives at New York.
  • July 4 -- Congress adopts the Declaration of
    Independence in the morning of a bright, sunny,
    but cool Philadelphia day. John Dunlap prints the
    Declaration of Independence. These prints are now
    called "Dunlap Broadsides." Twenty-four copies
    are known to exist, two of which are in the
    Library of Congress. One of these was
    Washington's personal copy.
  • July 5 -- John Hancock, president of the
    Continental Congress, dispatches the first of
    Dunlap's broadsides of the Declaration of
    Independence to the legislatures of New Jersey
    and Delaware.
  • July 6 -- Pennsylvania Evening Post of July 6
    prints the first newspaper rendition of the
    Declaration of Independence.
  • July 8 -- The first public reading of the
    Declaration is in Philadelphia.

8
Chronology of Events (cont.)
  • July 19 -- Congress orders the Declaration of
    Independence engrossed (officially inscribed) and
    signed by members.
  • August 2 -- Delegates begin to sign engrossed
    copy of the Declaration of Independence. A large
    British reinforcement arrives at New York after
    being repelled at Charleston, S.C.
  • 1777
  • January 18 -- Congress, now sitting in Baltimore,
    Maryland, orders that signed copies of the
    Declaration of Independence printed by Mary
    Katherine Goddard of Baltimore be sent to the
    states.

9
The Thirteen Colonies of America
10
  • Have you ever wondered what happened to those men
    who signed the Declaration of Independence?
  • Five signers were captured by the British as
    traitors, and tortured before they died.
  • Twelve had their homes ransacked and burned.
  • Two lost their sons in the Revolutionary Army,
    another had two sons
  • captured.
  • Nine of the 56 fought and died from wounds or the
    hardships of the Revolutionary War.
  • What kind of men were they? Twenty-four were
    lawyers and jurists. Eleven were merchants, nine
    were farmers and large plantation owners, men of
    means, well educated. But they signed the
    Declaration of Independence knowing full well
    that the penalty would be death if they were
    captured.
  • They signed and they pledged their lives, their
    fortunes, and their sacred honor.

The Price They Paid
11
Bibliography
  • American History
  • http//www.ctssar.org/articles/price_paid.htm
  • http//www.archives.gov/national_archives_experien
    ce/declaration_transcript.html
  • http//www.loc.gov/exhibits/declara/images/committ
    .jpg
  • http//www.loc.gov/exhibits/declara/declara2.html
  • http//www.colonialhall.com/biodoi.asp
  • http//www.loc.gov/exhibits/declara/images/voting.
    jpg
  • http//www.u-s-history.com/pages/h669.html
  • http//www.u-s-history.com/pages/h670.html
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