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Culture and Philosophy in Ancient Greece

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Title: Culture and Philosophy in Ancient Greece Author: Wilda,Whitney Last modified by: Whitney Created Date: 9/18/2012 9:30:51 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Culture and Philosophy in Ancient Greece


1
Culture and Philosophy in Ancient Greece
2
(No Transcript)
3
Architecture
  • Acropolis of Athens Civic and religious
    buildings of the Athenian city-state
  • The Parthenon A great temple in Athens built and
    decorated during 447-432 BCE (Commissioned by
    Pericles and paid for with Delian League money)
  • Delian League A union of Greek city-states
    formed in the fifth century BCE to fight the
    Persians.

4
History of Philosophy
  • Western philosophy began with the Greek thinkers
    of the ancient world
  • Word "philosophy" means "love of wisdom
  • 1st to askWhat is the nature of the world? What
    is the nature of man?
  • Laid the foundation for Western intellectual
    history

5
Philosophers
  • Socrates (470BCE-399BCE)
  • Socratic method Based on cross-examination as a
    way to uncover inconsistencies in the assumptions
    inherent in other questions
  • Wanted to make people examine false assumptions
  • Plato (427BCE-347BCE)
  • Socrates' death turned Plato away from democracy
  • Created The Academy (a school to teach his
    thoughts and to make philosopher-kings)
  • Wrote The Republic and expresses a belief that
    philosophers equipped with knowledge should be
    allowed to rule over the masses, who lived in
    ignorance (was against democracy)

6
Aristotle
  • 384BCE-322BCE
  • Studied at Platos Academy
  • Teacher of Alexander the Great
  • 1 of the first empirical thinkers
  • Applied the scientific approach to human
    behavior, natural philosophy, natural science,
    ethics, and metaphysics

7
Historians
  • Began modern history with effort to understand
    and explain changes in Athenian politics and
    power
  • Herodotus The Persian Wars
  • Thucydides History of the Peloponnesian War

HERODOTUS 1st Historian
8
Resources
  • "Acropolis of Athens." Image. Pictorial Library
    of Bible Lands. World History Ancient and
    Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 18 Sept.
    2012.
  • "Aristotle." Image. Jupiterimages. World History
    Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web.
    18 Sept. 2012.
  • Blackwell, Amy Hackney. "Delian League." World
    History Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO,
    2012. Web. 18 Sept. 2012.
  • "Bust of Plato." Image. G. Dagli Orti/De
    Agostini/Getty Images. World History Ancient and
    Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 18 Sept.
    2012.
  • Hackney, Ryan. "Greek philosophy." World History
    Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web.
    18 Sept. 2012.
  • Langmead, Donald and Christine Garnaut.
    "Parthenon." World History Ancient and Medieval
    Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 18 Sept. 2012.
  • Lawson, Russell M. "Aristotle." World History
    Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web.
    18 Sept. 2012.
  • "Socrates." Image. Library of Congress. World
    History Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO,
    2012. Web. 18 Sept. 2012.
  • Stockdale, Nancy. "Plato." World History
    Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web.
    18 Sept. 2012.
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