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Present Perfect Tense

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The autumn has already arrived How do you know? Present Perfect Tense Present Perfect Tense FORM: have / has + past participle Affirmative: I have seen the film before. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Present Perfect Tense


1
Present Perfect Tense
  • The autumn has already arrived

How do you know?
2
Present Perfect Tense
  • FORM have / has past participle
  • Affirmative I have seen the film before.
  • She has seen the film
    before.
  • Interrogative Have you seen the film before?
  • Has she seen the film
    before?
  • Negative They havent seen the film
    before.
  • He hasnt seen the film
    before.

3

Present Perfect Tense
Uses of the present perfect
  • 1- Recent events It is used to describe
    recent events without a definite time. The idea
    of time or place in the speakers mind makes the
    event recent. A time expression may emphasize
    recentness just, recently, lately

Why are they so happy? They have just won a
prize so they are really pleased
4
Present Perfect Tense
  • 2- Personal experiences It is used to express
    personal experiences, there is not a definite
    time given. The time expressions ever and never
    are very often used with this meaning

I have never been to Japan. Have you ever been
there?
5
Present Perfect Tense
  • 3- It is used to express actions that started in
    the past and continue to the present, the time
    period is not finished. We use for and since with
    this meaning. We use for with periods of time and
    since with points of time.

I havent eaten since yesterday morning. I am
really hungry
I havent drunk anything for two days. I am
terribly thirsty
6
Contrast between Present Perfect and Past Simple
  • We use definite expressions with the Past
    simple tense yesterday, last week, ago etc,
    while we dont use definite time expressions with
    the Present perfect tense.
  • I have been to France three times
  • When did you go there last?
  • I went there last Summer

7
Contrast between Present Perfect and Past Simple
  • Gerald has bought a new car. He bought it last
    week.
  • Have you met Ray? Yes, I met him when we were
    students.
  • My parents have been to India. In fact, they
    went there twice last year.
  • Has anybody phoned me? Yes, Joyce phoned an
    hour ago.
  • Ive seen that man before. Really? When did
    you see him?

8
Present Perfect Tense
  • Have you ever listened to classical music
    before?
  • Where did you hear it?

9
Present Perfect Tense
Have you walked along a riverside similar to the
one on the photograph? When did you do it?
10
Note the difference
  • He has been to London. ? Now he is here. He can
    tell you wonderful stories about London.
  • He has been in London for two weeks. ? He is
    still in London.
  • Wheres Peter? He has gone to London. ? He is in
    Italy or on his way to London.
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