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Digestive Diseases

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Peptic Ulcer. Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop on the inside lining of your esophagus, stomach and the upper portion of your small intestine. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Digestive Diseases


1
Digestive Diseases Disorders
2
Celiac Disease
3
Celiac Disease
  • Celiac disease is an immune reaction to eating
    gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye.
  • If you have celiac disease, eating gluten
    triggers an immune response in your small
    intestine, producing inflammation that damages
    the small intestine's lining and prevents
    absorption of some nutrients.
  • The intestinal damage can cause weight loss,
    bloating and sometimes diarrhea.
  • Eventually, your brain, nervous system, bones,
    liver and other organs can be deprived of vital
    nourishment.

4
Lactose Intolerance
5
Lactose Intolerance
  • Lactose intolerance, is the inability to digest
    lactose, a sugar found in milk and milk-derived
    dairy products.
  • Lactose intolerant individuals have insufficient
    levels of an enzyme in their digestive system. In
    most cases this causes symptoms which may include
    abdominal bloating and cramps, flatulence,
    diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting after consuming
    significant amounts of lactose.

6
GERD
7
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
  • GERD is a chronic digestive disease that occurs
    when stomach acid or, occasionally, bile flows
    back into your food pipe (esophagus).
  • Signs of GERD include acid reflux and heartburn.
    When these signs and symptoms occur at least
    twice each week or interfere with your daily
    life, doctors call this GERD.
  • People with GERD may need stronger medications,
    or even surgery, to reduce symptoms.

8
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
9
IBS
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common
    disorder that affects your large intestine
    (colon).
  • Irritable bowel syndrome commonly causes
    cramping, abdominal pain, bloating gas, diarrhea
    and constipation.
  • Most people with IBS find that symptoms improve
    as they learn to control their condition.
  • Despite these uncomfortable signs and symptoms,
    IBS doesn't cause permanent damage to your colon.

10
Peptic Ulcer
11
Peptic Ulcer
  • Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop on the
    inside lining of your esophagus, stomach and the
    upper portion of your small intestine.
  • The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is
    abdominal pain.
  • It's a myth that spicy foods or a stressful job
    can cause peptic ulcers. Doctors now know that a
    bacterial infection or some medications not
    stress or diet cause most peptic ulcers.

12
Gallstones
13
Gallstones
  • Gallstones are hardened deposits of digestive
    fluid that can form in your gallbladder.
  • Gallstones range in size from as small as a grain
    of sand to as large as a golf ball.
  • Some people develop just one gallstone, while
    others develop many gallstones at the same time.
  • People who experience symptoms from their
    gallstones usually require gallbladder removal
    surgery.

14
Ulcerative Colitis
15
Ulcerative Colitis
  • Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a disease that causes
    inflammation and sores, called ulcers, in the
    lining of the rectum and colon.
  • UC can happen at any age, but it usually starts
    between the ages of 15 and 30. It tends to run in
    families.
  • The most common symptoms are pain in the abdomen
    and blood or pus in diarrhea.
  • In severe cases, doctors must remove the colon.

16
Diverticular Disease
17
Diverticular Disease
  • Diverticulosis is the formation of numerous tiny
    pockets, or diverticula, in the lining of the
    bowel.
  • The pockets can range from pea-size to much
    larger, are formed by increased pressure on
    weakened spots of the intestinal walls.
  • Diverticula can form while straining during a
    bowel movement, such as with constipation.
  • Diverticulitis occurs when there is inflammation
    and infection in one or more diverticula. This
    usually happens when the pockets become blocked
    with waste, allowing bacteria to build up,
    causing infection.
  • Symptoms include alternating diarrhea with
    constipation, painful cramps or tenderness in the
    lower abdomen, chills or fever.

18
Dyspepsia
19
Dyspepsia
  • Dyspepsia (indigestion) is a common condition and
    usually describes a group of symptoms.
  • Symptoms can include belly pain or discomfort,
    bloating, feeling uncomfortably full after
    eating, nausea, loss of appetite, heartburn or
    burping up food or liquid (regurgitation).
  • Chocolate, mint, and alcohol can make dyspepsia
    worse, as can spicy foods, foods that have a lot
    of acid (like tomatoes and oranges), and coffee.
  • Treatment depends on what is causing the problem.
    If no specific cause is found, treatment focuses
    on relieving symptoms with medicine such as
    antacids or prescription drugs.
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