Mexico-Third Largest Latin American Country - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Mexico-Third Largest Latin American Country


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Title: Mexico-Third Largest Latin American Country

Mexico-Third Largest Latin American Country
  • Land bridge- Narrow strip of land that joins two
    larger landmasses
  • Mexico- top of the land bridge that connects
    North America and South America
  • Sierra Madre- Mother Range- made of three
    mountain ranges
  • Small population live in the Sierra Madre

Land Continued
  • Many mountains are volcanoes
  • Earthquakes occur often because of the meeting of
    plates underground

Ixtacihuatl is a beautiful inactive volcano
near Mexico City.
Plateau of Mexico
  • Large flat center of Mexico surrounded by the
    Sierra Madre Mountains

Plateau of Mexico continued
  • North- mainly deserts and grassy plains
  • Broad flat valleys in the center of the plateau
    hold most of major cities and most of the people
  • Mexico City- capital Mexico located in the
    southern end of the Plateau of Mexico
  • Coastal Lowlands- lowland plains between the
    ocean and the mountains

  • Latitude- Location north or south of the equator
  • Tropic of Cancer- latitude that is 23 degrees
    north of the equator and crosses the middle of
  • The area south of the Tropic of Cancer has a
    tropical climate, warm climates throughout the
    year. (more rainfall)
  • Areas north of the Tropic of Cancer are warm in
    summer and cool in winters (drier climate)

Climate continued
  • Altitude- height above sea level
  • Mountainous areas have cooler temperature because
    of higher altitude
  • Sea level areas have a warmer climate

Average rainfall
  • Rainfall varies through Mexico
  • Northern areas are dryer, southern areas receive
    more rain
  • Hurricanes- fierce tropical storms, can strike
    Mexico during summer

Mexican Regions
  • Northern Mexico
  • Dry climate and rocky ground Not good for
    growing crops without irrigation
  • Large cattle ranches
  • Vaqueros- cowhands that developed tools and
    techniques for roping, branding, and herding

Desert areas
  • Dry areas in Northern Region form desert lands

Major Cities of Northern Mexico
  • Monterrey- Mexicos main producer of steel and
  • Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez- Cities that border the
    United States. The U.S. has built factories here.
  • Maquiladoras- factories that assemble parts made
    in other countries, such as the United States,
    are found in northern Mexico

Central Mexico
  • Region in which more than half of Mexicos people
  • Mild temperatures and pleasant climate year round
    caused people to settle here
  • Fertile soil is good for farming
  • Large industrial cities such as Mexico City and
    Guadalajara prosper in Central Mexico

Southern Mexico
  • Poorest region of Mexico, very mountainous
  • Subsistance farms- Small farms on which farmers
    grow only enough food to feed their families
  • Coastal areas of Southern Mexico have rich soil
    with large plantations- large farms that sell a
    single crop

North American Free Trade Agreement
  • Trade agreement between the United States,
    Canada, and Mexico made in 1994
  • Under this agreement most goods are free of
    tariffs, special taxes
  • Designed to increase trade among these three
    countries, rather than other countries because of
    no taxes
  • Americans fear that manufacturers will move
    factories to Mexico where labor is cheaper
  • Debate over NAFTA is still going on.

Tropical Rain Forests
Mexicos Government
  • Federal republic- power is divided between the
    national and state governments
  • United states also has a federal republic
  • Mexico has a very powerful president, but no
    vice- president
  • President is more powerful than the legislative
    or judicial branch

  • Large population growth people moving to cities
  • National debt- money owed by the government
  • Pollution- smog caused by a mixture of chemicals
    and fog in the air.
  • Mexico City, the capital of Mexico, has
    tremendous smog problems. (Air is trapped by the

Mexico City