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NERC and Climate Change

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NERC and Climate Change Dr. Tracey Henshaw Science and Innovation Manager, Head of Atmospheric Sciences Presentation by Dr. Pamela Kempton, Science and Innovation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: NERC and Climate Change


1
NERC and Climate Change
  • Dr. Tracey Henshaw
  • Science and Innovation Manager,
  • Head of Atmospheric Sciences
  • Presentation by Dr. Pamela Kempton, Science and
    Innovation Manager, Head of Terrestrial and
    Freshwater Sciences
  • 22 May 2007

2
Key points
  • Climate Systems strategy
  • LWEC
  • NCAS Core Programme
  • CEH Core Programme
  • Tyndall Centre
  • QUEST
  • Other areas of interest

3
Climate Systems Strategy
  • Eight science challenges identified
  • Predictions for decision-making.
  • Enabling society through climate science.
  • Including chemistry and biology in climate change
    research.
  • Observations to enable climate change detection
    and prediction.

4
Climate Systems Strategy
  • Eight science challenges identified
  • Key processes determining the sensitivity of the
    climate system.
  • Natural variability and the link with climate
    change.
  • The changing water cycle.
  • The role of the Arctic in the global climate
    system

5
LWEC
Challenge (HMT5)
  • Increasing pressures on natural resources and
    global climate from rapid economic and population
    growth in the developing world and sustained
    demand for fossil fuels in advanced economies
  • Living with Environmental Change (LWEC)a
    cross-Research Council, multi-agency / department
    initiative.

Response
6
LWEC
  • A ten-year programme, which will provide
    decision makers with the best information to
    effectively manage and protect vital ecosystem
    services. It will improve our tools and knowledge
    needed to build resilience, mitigate problems,
    and adapt to environmental change
  • Aligns with Defra high-level policy goals on one
    planet living climate prediction, adaptation and
    mitigation and wise use of natural resources.
    Similar alignments with other Departments and
    ERFF members, e.g. DFID and SEERAD.
  • http//www.nerc.ac.uk/research/programmes/lwec/

7
NCAS Core Programme
  • S2 Understanding climate variability and
    predictability from days to decades
  • S3 The science of global and regional climate
    change
  • S4 Regional impacts of climate variability and
    change
  • S5 Contributing to the UKs next generation
    Earth system model
  • S6 Emerging issues in the modelling of
    chemistry/climate interactions
  • S7 Understanding past composition predicting
    the future

8
CEH Core Programme
  • Detection and Attribution of Change in UK and
    European Ecosystems maintains long-term datasets
    to monitor ecosystem responses to climate change
  • Eco-hydrological Impacts of Climate Change uses
    models and statistical techniques to isolate the
    impacts of climate change to improve predictions
    of how climate change will affect ecology and
    hydrology
  • Land Surface Feedbacks in the Climate System
    measures the role of land-surface feedbacks in
    the climate system through energy, water and
    carbon cycles utilising long-term datasets
  • Environmental Change undertakes research and
    monitoring aimed at the early detection and
    interpretation of environmental change in
    terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems
  • Climate and Land Surface Group (EIP) aims to
    improve understanding of how the hydrology and
    climate system of the biosphere works
  • Biophysical Modelling Group aims to measure
    interactions between vegetation, atmosphere,
    climate and biogeochemistry.

9
Tyndall
  • Key themes
  • Decarbonising Modern Societies involves
    trans-disciplinary assessments of ways to reduce
    carbon dioxide emissions in the UK.
  • Adapting to Climate Change is assessing how
    people and the environment can adapt to
    unavoidable changes in climate, whether gradual
    and continuous or abrupt and extreme.

10
QUEST
  • Working Group on Climate Prediction for Robust
    Policy Making considers alternatives to the
    current scenario-based approach to modelling
    alternative futures of the global environment
  • Core Team Project on Climate effects of
    radiatively active atmospheric constituents with
    very different lifetimes such as O3, H20v, CH4
    and CO2
  • Working Group on Sustainable biofuels
    (co-sponsored by Volkswagen) aims to develop
    certification standards for renewable transport
    fuels
  • Global Scale Impacts of Climate change will
    define coordinated climate, land cover and
    socio-economic scenarios to drive impact
    assessment models
  • Environmental Change and Fisheries to assess the
    vulnerability of one or more of the major world
    fisheries
  • Working Group on the response of UK Soil Carbon
    to global change (co-sponsored by the
    EA)implications of large losses of carbon from
    UK soils for policies to limit carbon emissions
  • working group in Adaptation to a better
    understanding of adaptation to climate change as
    an interactive process

11
Other areas of interest.(Oceans 2025, UKPopNet,
APPRAISE, ESPA, IODP, Ocean Margins, Arctic IPY,
COAPEC)
  • Economics of climate change
  • Air quality climate interactions
  • Methane release from gas hydrates
  • Ocean acidification
  • Variations in sea level rise
  • Impacts of climate change on ecosystem services
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