Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of Italy and Germany - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of Italy and Germany

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Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of Italy and Germany Unit 2 Notes – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of Italy and Germany


1
Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of
Italy and Germany
  • Unit 2 Notes

2
Italys Location
  • Long, boot-shaped peninsula surrounded on 3 sides
    by the Mediterranean Sea
  • Alps form the northern border
  • Apennine Mountains run from the Alps to the sea
  • 2 islands, Sardinia Sicily, are part of the
    country

3
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4
Italys Climate
  • Temperate (mild) climate with regional
    differences
  • Coastal areas have mild winters and warm, dry
    summers
  • Mountains have cold, wet, and snowy winters and
    humid summers

5
Italys Natural Resources
  • Has few mineral resources natural gas, marble,
    granite, coal, mercury, zinc, and potash
  • Arable land is important (26 fertile land)
  • small farms cover much of the country
  • Grapes olives are important crops
  • There are more than 800 ports for fishing boats

6
Where People Live
  • Population 58,000,000
  • Land Area 301,340 sq km
  • 7 out of 10 Italians live in urban areas (Rome,
    Naples, Milan, Turin)
  • About half of the people live in the most
    northern 1/3rd of the country!

7
Rome, Italy
8
Trade
  • Apennine Mountains are like a backbone across
    Italy
  • They affect where people live how they
    transport people and goods
  • Location on the Mediterranean Sea affects trade
    with other countries
  • Has a long history of shipping goods to countries
    in Africa, Europe, Asia

9
Germanys Location
  • In north-central Europe on European Plain
  • Southern region mountainous central region
    hilly and mountainous northern region flat
    plains
  • Contains the most important commercial waterway
    in Europe (Rhine River)

10
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11
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12
Germanys Climate
  • Most of Germany has a marine climate
  • In the west winters are mild, summers are cool,
    with rainfall year round
  • Gulf Stream warms the region, making the land
    warmer in the winter and cooling it off in the
    summer
  • In the east winters are very cold, summers are
    very hot with long dry periods

13
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14
Germanys Natural Resources
  • Has many natural resources iron ore, coal,
    potash, uranium, nickel, natural gas, copper
  • Timber is also a resource, but much of the
    forests in the north have been cut down for farms
    towns
  • About 1/3rd of the land is arable

15
Where People Live
  • Population 82,000,000
  • Land Area 357,022 sq km
  • Germany is one of the most densely populated
    countries in Europe
  • 85 of the population lives in urban areas
    (cities)
  • Berlin is the largest city the capital

16
Remaining Section of the Berlin Wall
17
Trade
  • Rhine River is very important for trade
  • Many German cities lie along the Rhine
  • Location gives those cities an excellent way to
    transport goods people
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