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Renaissance

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Renaissance 1300-1600 Causes? Plague/Constant War and lack of enjoyment of life. Decline of Church s political influence Move to urban areas Shakespeare 1564 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Renaissance


1
Renaissance
  • 1300-1600
  • Causes?
  • Plague/Constant War and lack of enjoyment of
    life.
  • Decline of Churchs political influence
  • Move to urban areas

2
Characteristics
  • Rebirth of classical societies in Italy
  • Urban and secular
  • Humanism, the potential of human beings

3
Italy and Urban Growth
  • Italy unaffected by Hundred Years War
  • Large independent/merchant city-states in N.
    Italy bc of Crusades
  • Urban, ideas spread
  • Interest in Roman and Greek history/accomplishment
    s

4
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5
Italian City States
  • Milan, Venice and Florence were the most
    influential because of what?
  • Why was their location critical to their success?

6
Review
  • The Renaissance was characterized by
  • Urban/Secular
  • Recovery from 1300s
  • Humanism

7
Florence
  • Cultural center of Renaissance
  • The Medici ruled and were patrons of the arts.
  • Political power was a newfound pastime in Italy

8
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9
Italian Wars 1494-1530s
  • Wealth eventually led to war between Italians,
    Spanish, and French for control of trade.
  • Led to spread of Renaissance ideas northwards.

10
Machiavelli
  • Wrote The Prince which discussed new political
    dealings.
  • For the sake of society the Prince must make
    hard, amoral decisions. Lack of Church influence.
  • Huge influence on following leaders and set tone
    for new nobility
  • Increased power, military obligations, become
    LEARNED

11
Classical Values
  • How is this different than the MAs?
  • Humanism-human achievements/potential
  • Education in which areas?
  • History, philosophy, grammar, math, etc.
  • Liberal Studies allowed people to reach full
    intellectual/human potential. Virtue and Wisdom
  • Use of vernacular- Canterbury Tales by Chaucer
    was 1st example.

12
Art in the Renaissance
  • Looked to capture human potential (realism)
  • Two areas of concentration Perspective/light,
    and anatomy. Why such attention to detail?
  • New Religious (Contemporary)
  • Ex fresco by Masaccio

13
Middle Ages Examples
14
Perspective
  • Rediscovered the technique (3D)
  • Parallel lines stretch to a point on the horizon
    where they meet.

15
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16
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17
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18
Art
  • Religious tactics/topics incorporated with
    realism
  • Portraits, human body
  • David by Donatello

19
High Renaissance (1490-1520) Masters
  • During this time, unbelievable accomplishments
    were reached by Leonardo, Raphael, and
    Michelangelo. These three greats were all in the
    same cities at the same time competing against
    each other.

20
Michelangelo
  • Painter, sculptor, architect, poet etc.
  • Designed dome St. Peters
  • Sistine Chapel
  • David/detail on sculpture

21
Sistine Chapel
  • http//www.habeeb.com/sistine.chapel.vatican.html

22
Leonardo Da Vinci
  • Renaissance man
  • Mona Lisa and Last Supper

23
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24
Raphael
  • Influenced by Leonardo/Michelangelo
  • Worked in Rome for Pope
  • School of Athens
  • Realism is his trademark

25
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26
Machiavelli
  • Wrote The Prince which discussed new political
    dealings.
  • For the sake of society the Prince must make
    hard, amoral, SECULAR decisions.
  • Huge influence on following leaders and set tone
    for new nobility
  • Increased power, military obligations, become
    LEARNED

27
13.2 Northern Renaissance
28
Northern Renaissance
  • Diffusion w/trade, war, and travel
  • Religious
  • What helped spread new ideas?

29
Printing Press
  • SPREAD NEW IDEAS TO MORE PEOPLE
  • Johann Gutenberg 1440 invents movable type.
  • Gutenberg Bible 1455 (1st)
  • Everyday people/vernacular
  • Religious implications?

30
Flanders
  • Artistic center of Northern Europe
  • Oil Based Paints
  • Pieter Bruegel at height of Flemish painting
  • different than Italian

31
Spread of Art
  • High Ren. In north coincides with the South
    mainly due to
  • Albrecht Durer
  • Highly influential in
  • Germany

32
Christian Humanists
  • Desiderius Erasmus from Holland
  • - The Praise of Folly
  • -Christianity of heart and critical of church
    corruption.
  • -Bible study to improve society
  • -scorned those whoDont want the holy
    scriptures to be read in translation by the
    unlearnedas if the chief strength of the
    Christian religion lay in peoples ignorance of
    it.

33
Humanist Action
  • Thomas More from England
  • Utopia (No place) social commentary
  • IMPROVE SOCIETY
  • Stressed education and classical learning to
    bring about moral and religious reform.

34
Shakespeare
  • 1564 Stratford-upon-Avon
  • Human flaws in most plays
  • Classics
  • What a piece of work is a man, how noble in
    reason, how infinite in faculties, in form and
    moving, how express and admirable in action, how
    like an angel in apprehension, how like a god!
    Hamlet
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