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Passive Voice

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Passive Voice We will, of course, have to start with an explanation of the passive voice in English. Both English and Spanish have two voices: active and passive. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Passive Voice


1
Passive Voice
2
  • We will, of course, have to start with an
    explanation of the passive voice in English.
  • Both English and Spanish have two voices active
    and passive.
  • Active is when the subject is acting
  • John hit the ball.
  • Passive is when the subject is being acted upon
  • John was hit by the ball.
  • In the latter, the subject isnt doing anything
    something is happening to him.

3
  • Your English teachers have told you to avoid
    using passive voice. Its weak, if its
    avoidable.
  • For example, dont say,
  • The cake was eaten by the children.
  • Say,
  • The children ate the cake.
  • But if you want to say,
  • Your cake was popular every last crumb was
    eaten.
  • thats actually OK, because the subject isnt
    important. Who ate every last crumb? How would
    you reword that to be active voice? The people
    ate every last crumb? Thats really not what
    you want to emphasize here.

4
  • At any rate, the purpose here is for you to learn
    how to form the passive voice in Spanish.
  • Its actually very easy. You use ser and the
    past participle
  • La torta fue comida. The cake was eaten.
  • The books were written. Los libros fueron
    escritos.
  • Note that the past participle MUST agree in
    number and gender with the subject.
  • Also remember that the past participle CANT
    change if you use a form of haber with it
  • La torta fue comida.
  • María ha comido la torta.

5
  • Click here to go to the Power Point on past
    participles if you need a review.
  • Another important note although its usually in
    the preterit, the passive voice can be in any
    tense
  • La torta será comida. The cake will be eaten.
  • La torta ha sido comida. The cake has been
    eaten.
  • La torta es comida. The cake is eaten.

6
  • Click here to go to a review of the past
    participle (along with the present perfect tense).

7
  • Now, dont let the way the homework is set up
    fool you.
  • Make this sentence passive voice
  • Juan abrió la puerta.
  • La puerta fue abierta (por Juan).
  • You go from
  • John opened the door.
  • to
  • The door was opened (by John).
  • Thats not hard, when you understand what youre
    doing. The homework sentences are not actually
    the greatest sentences, because if you can say
    who did the action, you really shouldnt use the
    passive voice. But the exercise is just to get
    you to practice forming the passive voiced.

8
  • Click here to go to your homework.
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