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BRIEF LEGISLATIVE HISTORY OF THE REHAB ACT

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BRIEF LEGISLATIVE HISTORY OF THE REHAB ACT 1920 -- Smith Fess Act Considered the beginning of the Public VR Program Allocated monies for vocational guidance ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BRIEF LEGISLATIVE HISTORY OF THE REHAB ACT


1
BRIEF LEGISLATIVE HISTORY OF THE REHAB ACT
  • 1920 -- Smith Fess Act
  • Considered the beginning of the Public VR Program
  • Allocated monies for vocational guidance,
    training, occupational adjustment, prosthetics,
    and placement

2
Brief History
  • 1936 Randolph Sheppard Act
  • Provided individuals who were blind with
    opportunity to operate vending stands in Federal
    buildings.
  • Individual had to be licensed to become a
    Randolph Sheppard operator.

3
Brief History
  • 1943 -- Vocational Rehabilitation Amendments of
    1943
  • Expanded services to include physical restoration
  • Required States to submit a written state plan to
    the Federal government
  • Expanded provisions to include the provision of
    VR services to individuals with mental
    retardation and mental illness

4
Brief History
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Amendments of 1954
  • Made significant changes in the funding of the
    Public VR Program
  • Created funding formula that considers state
    population and per capita income.
  • Created project grant programs for research and
    demonstrations
  • Created provision by which Federal government
    provided monies to train staff for VR Agencies

5
Brief History
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1965
  • Eliminated the provision which required that an
    individual have a economic need for services
  • Expanded services to reach a broader population
    such as
  • Individuals with a substance abuse
  • Individuals with a socially handicapping
    condition

6
Brief History
  • 1973 The Rehabilitation Act of 1973
  • Created the mandate for Public VR Program to
    serve individuals with severe disabilities
  • Created Affirmative Act Programs in Title
    VSections 501, 502, 503, and 504
  • 501 Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action in
    Federal Employment
  • 502 Empowers the Architectural and Transportation
    Barriers Compliance Board (ATBCB) to enforce
    accessibility standards for Federal bldgs.
  • 503 Requires contractors to comply with
    affirmative action requirements
  • 504 Requires entities that accept Federal funding
    must not discriminate against individuals with
    disabilities in programs.

7
Brief History
  • Established the Individualized Written
    Rehabilitation Program (IWRP) to ensure that the
    consumer be involved in the development of the
    rehabilitation process.

8
Brief History
  • Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1978
  • Created the IL Program and the establishment of
    IL Centers
  • Concepts of Peer Counseling, Advocacy emerged

9
Brief History
  • Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1986
  • Concept of Supported Employment as a viable VR
    outcome was introduced as demonstration program
  • Enhanced support from Rehabilitation Engineering
    services
  • Created clear definition of rehabilitation
    engineering services.

10
Brief History
  • 1992 Amendments to the Rehabilitation Act
  • Clearly outlined the intent of Congress with
    Findings, Purpose, and Policy (Sec. 2 (a), (b),
    and (c).
  • Focused program on concept of consumer choice
    relative to career options.
  • Focused Public VR Program that the outcome for
    program was competitive employment
  • Created State Rehabilitation Advisory Council

11
Brief History
  • Created presumptive eligibility for individuals
    receiving Social Security SSI or SSDI benefits
  • Individual must still intend to achieve an
    employment outcome consistent with unique
    strengths, resources, priorities, concerns,
    abilities, capabilities, interests, and informed
    choice."

12
and Finally Todays Version
  • Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998
  • Rehab Act became part of Workforce Investment
    Act (WIA) Title IV
  • Sec. 402 establishes
  • Linkages between State VR Programs and WIA
    programs
  • Gives special responsibilities to the Sec. of
    Education for the coordination of all activities
    with respect to individuals with disabilities
    within and across programs administered by
    Federal Government

13
Future??????????
  • 2003 Reauthorization will not be completed.
  • Proposals in both House and Senate took from
    VR Programs to fund infrastructure of
    One-Stops
  • House version would allow Governor to take 1.5
    percent from One-Stop Partners appropriationi.e.,
    VR monies
  • Senate version created a phase for VR
    contribution to infrastructure1st year no
    contribution 2nd year .75 percent 3rd year 1
    percent 4th year 1.25 percent and finally 5th
    year 1.5 percent.

14
What to Expect in 2005
  • Begin reauthorization process from the beginning.
  • 109th Congress will most likely be even more
    conservative than the 108th.
  • Current Administration will push for
    infrastructure monies from partners to fund
    One-Stops push for Block Grants will be strong
  • In Rehab Act downgrading of RSA Commissioner from
    Presidential appointment, Senate Confirmation
    position to one appointed by the Secretary of
    Education
  • Continued push to undermine authority of RSA

15
ADVOCACY WILL BE NEEDED
  • Your voice will be needed when called upon
  • You cannot sit by the sidelines
  • You can energize your peers, consumers, friends,
    family
  • Every voice will be needed
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