1-Where did the Cherokee originally live (geographical area not exact location)? 2-Why did the U. S. government want to move the Cherokees? 3-How did the white settlers plan to - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – 1-Where did the Cherokee originally live (geographical area not exact location)? 2-Why did the U. S. government want to move the Cherokees? 3-How did the white settlers plan to PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 765b3c-MzkwM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

1-Where did the Cherokee originally live (geographical area not exact location)? 2-Why did the U. S. government want to move the Cherokees? 3-How did the white settlers plan to

Description:

1-Where did the Cherokee originally live (geographical area not exact location)? 2-Why did the U. S. government want to move the Cherokees? 3-How did the white ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:40
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 37
Provided by: L393
Learn more at: http://images.schoolinsites.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: 1-Where did the Cherokee originally live (geographical area not exact location)? 2-Why did the U. S. government want to move the Cherokees? 3-How did the white settlers plan to


1
1-Where did the Cherokee originally live
(geographical area not exact location)? 2-Why
did the U. S. government want to move the
Cherokees? 3-How did the white settlers plan to
civilize the Cherokee? 4-What did Sequoyah
invent and how did it help his people? 5-Why did
the Cherokee decide to write a code of law and
who did they have to enforce their laws? 6-What
was the Cherokee Constitution modeled after and
what were the branches? 7-Who were the Cherokee
allied with during the American Revolutionary
War?
2
8- Who was the Cherokee chief that signed the
Treaty of Indian Springs and what Georgia
Governor convinced him to sign it? 9- Who was
the leader of the Upper Creek during the Oconee
Wars? 10-What was the name of the permanent
Cherokee capital and what newspaper was printed
there? 11-Who was the principal Chief of the
Cherokee from 1827-1866? 12- According to the
Cherokee law, who owned the land? 13- Name the
Cherokee leader who became a successful planter
and businessman.
3
The Indian Removal
  • The Creek Confederacy,
  • the Cherokee Nation, and the
  • Trail of Tears

4
Creek Confederacy
  • The Creek Indians were the most plentiful Indian
    tribe in GA when the colonist arrived
  • Very traditional ways had them clashing with the
    settlers who tried to take the land they lived on
  • Led by Alexander McGillivary fighting against the
    settlers in the Oconee Wars
  • Treaties, Wars (Yamasee, French Indian, Oconee,
    etc.) and corrupt leadership doomed the Creeks.

5
Creek Confederacy
  • William McIntosh was Creek Chief and first cousin
    to the Governor of Georgia.
  • He and George Troup (Governor) worked out the
    Treaty of Indian Springs
  • that sold the last of the Creek lands in Georgia
    (200,000)
  • The Creeks set his house on fire, shot him, drug
    him out of the house, stabbed him and took his
    scalp as a warning to those who would deal with
    the whites.

6
The Cherokee Background
  • Cherokee settle in what are now Alabama,
    Georgia, Mississippi
  • - these mountain river valleys full of
  • wildlife, fish, trees
  • Cherokee is Choctaw name meaning people of
    the cave country

7
Cherokee Drive out the Creek
  • Mountain terrain makes farming difficult for
    Cherokee
  • Traditional Cherokee tribe council makes
    decisions democratically

8
The Cherokee Adapt to Changes
  • Had been allied with Britian due to trade.
  • Colonies win independence in 1783, Cherokee
    situation changes

9
Moving the Cherokee
  • New U.S. Congress treats Cherokee as conquered
    enemy
  • - move Cherokee to end warfare,
  • gain land for settlers
  • Government relocates Cherokee to new Cherokee
    Nation
  • - covers parts of GA, NC,TN, and AL
  • Sends government agents to live with
  • Cherokee, teach skills

10
Civilizing the Cherokee
  • Some settlers want to civilize Cherokee
  • -read/write English, follow written
  • code of laws
  • -dress like whites, convert to
    Christianity
  • Missionaries go to live and work with tribe
  • Cherokee resist Christianity, welcome education
    and tools

11
A Written Cherokee Language
  • Cherokee Nation believes civilization program
    necessary to survive
  • - hope to be left alone if they adopt
  • white ways
  • - see need to change lifestyles
  • Nation buys printing press with English and
    Cherokee alphabet
  • - press located in New Echota, the
  • Cherokee Nation capital

12
A Written Cherokee Language
  • Sequoyah sees European advantage in having
  • written communication
  • -develops 86-symbol alphabet based on
  • Cherokee syllables, 1821
  • -simple enough for those who speak Cherokee to
    learn in days
  • Cherokee Phoenix- Cherokee Nations
  • first newspaper, starts in 1828
  • -printed in English and Cherokee

13
(No Transcript)
14
Translation
  • Eng. Word Cherokee Pronunciation
  • Chicken tsa-ta-ga chaw tah gah
  • Horse so-qui-li sew kwi lee
  • Pig si-qua see kwa

15
Changes in Lifestyle
  • Cherokee soon imitate whites in other ways
  • Many become wealthy, build lavish homes,
  • some become planters, raise cotton, own slaves
  • Cherokee planters start taking over Cherokee
    politics

16
Government Modeled After U.S.
  • Cherokee National Council tells U.S.
  • it will cede no more land
  • Concern over property rights grows, written
    laws established
  • Established the Light Horse Guard as their police
    to enforce the laws.

17
The Cherokee Constitution
  • Cherokee Constitution written in 1827 similar
    to U.S Constitution
  • - establishes legislative, executive,
  • judicial branches
  • Defines Cherokee territory land belongs to
    nation, not individuals

18
Respected Cherokee Leaders
  • Two men become respected leaders of Cherokee
    Nation in 1820s
  • Major Ridge leader in Creek War, successful
    planter, businessman
  • John Ross one-eighth Cherokee becomes chief,
    18271866
  • Ridge and Ross come into conflict in 1830s

19
Quiz
  • 1- What Treaty between William McIntosh and
    George Troup gave up the last of the Creek lands
    in Georgia for 200,000?
  • 2- In what geographical area were the Cherokee
    lands located?
  • 3- How did traditional Cherokee tribe councils
    make their decisions (whites did not like it
    because it was too slow.)
  • 4- In what Cherokee capital did they print the
    Cherokee Phoenix?
  • 5- What important contribution did Sequoyah make?

20
  • 6-In what languages was the Cherokee Phoenix
    printed in?
  • 7- Who was the leader of the Upper Creek Indians
    during the Oconee Wars?
  • 8-What did the whites in GA want to do to the
    Cherokees to make them more like they were?
  • 9. According to the Cherokee Constitution, who
    owned the Cherokee territory?
  • 10-_______ served as the Cherokee Chief from
    1827-1866.

21
Quiz
  • 1-In what languages was the Cherokee Phoenix
    printed in?
  • 2- Who was the leader of the Upper Creek Indians
    during the Oconee Wars?
  • 3-What did the whites in GA want to do to the
    Cherokees to make them more like they were?
  • 4- According to the Cherokee Constitution, who
    owned the Cherokee territory?
  • 5-_______ served as the Cherokee Chief from
    1827-1866.

22
Quiz
  • 6- What Treaty between William McIntosh and
    George Troup gave up the last of the Creek lands
    in Georgia for 200,000?
  • 7- In what geographical area were the Cherokee
    lands located?
  • 8- How did traditional Cherokee tribe councils
    make their decisions (whites did not like it
    because it was too slow.)
  • 9- In what Cherokee capital did they print the
    Cherokee Phoenix?
  • 10- What important contribution did Sequoyah
    make?

23
Indian Removal
  • White settlers are determined to have all of the
    Southeastern land occupied by the Cherokee. They
    eventually succeed
  • VIDEO 1

24
Early Removal of Creek and Cherokee
  • Removal of Native Americans from Georgia starts
    with Compact of 1802
  • U.S. promises Native Americans land in
    Arkansas, Oklahoma if they leave
  • Most Creek are relocated to Oklahoma by 1827

25
The Cherokee Refuse to Leave
  • Cherokee surrender some land, but will not give
    up more after 1819
  • U.S. cannot honor Compact of 1802 white
  • Georgians furious
  • Georgia orders missionaries to leave, removes
    Cherokee supporters
  • -creates Georgia Guard to enforce laws
    against Cherokee

26
The Cherokee Turn to the Supreme Court
  • President Andrew Jackson elected in 1828
  • now wants to take their land
  • Jackson persuades Congress to pass Indian
    Removal Act, 1830
  • -Cherokee can live within Georgia laws or
  • move west of Mississippi
  • -Cherokee do not accept this take two
  • cases to U.S. Supreme Court

27
The Cherokee Sue Georgia
  • Cherokee sue in Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
  • (1831)
  • -Cherokee argue that Georgia laws should not
    apply to Nation
  • Supreme Court says Cherokee have no right to
    sue (state they are a dependent nation)

28
The Cherokee Sue Georgia
  • Different outcome in Worcester v. Georgia
  • (1832)
  • -Georgia orders missionaries to swear
  • oath and get permits or leave
  • -orders Georgia Guard to imprison
  • missionaries who disobey
  • John Marshall (Supreme Court Chief Justice)
    Georgia laws
  • not valid in independent Cherokee
  • Nation

29
Georgia Defies Court Ruling
  • Georgia refuses to accept Worcester v. Georgia
  • decision
  • -sets up land lottery awarding Cherokee land to
  • Georgians
  • -thousands move onto Cherokee land
  • Federal government refuses to enforce Supreme
  • Court decision
  • -says Supreme Court lacks enforcement power
  • -Jackson encourages Georgians to defy order

30
Negotiating with the Federal Government
  • Major Ridge, John Ross disagree on
  • how to proceed
  • Ridge, son John Ridge, Elias Boudinot
  • form Treaty Party to negotiate Treaty
  • of New Echota
  • -cedes Southeastern Cherokee land
  • for land in Oklahoma
  • Ross, 15,000 Cherokee sign petition
  • disavowing Treaty
  • U.S. ratifies Treaty of New Echota
  • Cherokee must move in two years

31
Opposition to the Treaty
  • Ross opposes Treaty
  • -proposes alternatives, none
  • accepted
  • Cherokee hope things will change when Jackson
    leaves office
  • -decide to wait, do not move

32
The Trail of Tears
  • U.S. fears whites may kill Cherokee if tribes
    stay in Georgia
  • -claim moving Cherokee west is for their
  • own protection
  • Federal troops put Cherokee in prison
    stockades, 1838
  • -burn Cherokee settlements, crops to
  • prevent escape
  • -stockade conditions terrible, hundreds die

33
Imprisonment and Forced Movement
  • Chief Ross asks to let Cherokee handle own
  • relocation
  • -President Martin Van Buren denies request
  • Federal troops escort Cherokee west in winter
    of
  • 183839
  • -route known as the Trail of Tears
  • Many Cherokee die along route, including Rosss
  • wife
  • Cherokee re-elect John Ross as chief once they
  • arrive in Oklahoma

34
Cost of Removal
  • Accounts of Trail of Tears deaths vary
  • U.S. government records 500 deaths
  • -missionary accounts close to 4,000
  • generally accepted as accurate
  • Cherokee removal part of larger pattern of
    Native American removal
  • VIDEO 2

35
Quiz
  1. Removal of the Native American from Georgia
    started with this legal document.
  2. This organization was created to enforce the laws
    against the Cherokee in Georgia.
  3. This U.S. President persuaded Congress to pass
    the Indian Removal Act of 1830.
  4. The Cherokee Nation v. ______ was a Supreme Court
    case that argued that Georgia laws should not
    apply to the Cherokee Nation
  5. In the Supreme Court case of Worcester v.
    Georgia, the Court ruled in the Cherokees favor
    (T or F)

36
6. Major Ridge, John Ridge , and Elias Boudinot
all were member of the ________party that signed
away the remainder of the Cherokee lands. 7. The
Treaty of New Echota was well received by the
Cherokee people. (T or F) 8. John Ross opposed
the Treaty of New Echota (T or F). 9. The federal
troops moved the Cherokees during what season of
the year which caused many deaths. 10. Generally
accepted deaths from the Trail of Tears ranged as
high as 4,000. (T or F)
About PowerShow.com