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Introduction to Business

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Title: Introduction to Business Author: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Last modified by. Created Date: 6/2/2006 10:01:37 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Business


1
(No Transcript)
2
Read to Learn
  • Describe the advantages and disadvantages of the
    three major forms of business organizations.
  • Describe how cooperatives and nonprofits are like
    and unlike corporations and franchises.

3
Key Term
soleproprietorship
a business owned by one person
when the owner is responsible for the companys
debts
unlimitedliability
4
Key Term
a business owned by two or more people who share
its risks and rewards
partnership
a company that is registered by a state and
operates apart from its owners
corporation
5
Key Term
holding a firms owners responsible for no more
than the capital that they have invested in it
limitedliability
an organization that is owned and operated by its
members
cooperative
6
Key Term
a type of business that focuses on providing
service, not on making a profit
nonprofitorganization
a contractual agreement to use the name and sell
the products or services of a company in a
designated geographic area
franchise
7
Organizing a Business
  • The three main types of business organizations
    are

SoleProprietorships
Partnerships
Corporations
8
U.S. Sole Proprietorships, Partnerships, and
Corporations
Figure 6.1
9
Sole Proprietorships
Advantages of Sole Proprietorships
Easy to start
Proprietors are in charge
Proprietors keepall the profits
Taxes are lowerthan a corporations
10
Sole Proprietorships
  • A major disadvantage of owning a sole
    proprietorship is that the owner has unlimited
    liability.

unlimited liability when the owner is responsible
for the companys debts
11
Sole Proprietorships
Disadvantages of Sole Proprietorships
Limited accessto credit
Many run outof money
The owner may not have the necessary skills
The business endswhen the owner dies
12
Partnerships
  • To start a partnership, you need a partnership
    agreement.

partnership a business owned by two or more
people who share its risks and rewards
13
Partnerships
Advantages of Partnerships
Easy to start
Easier toobtain capital
Easier toobtain credit
Not dependent on a sole person
Only taxed once
Diversity in skills
14
Partnerships
Disadvantages of Partnerships
Business risk is shared
Unlimited legal and financial liability is shared
If one partner makes a mistake, all partners are
responsible
15
Corporations
  • To form a corporation, the owners must get a
    corporate charter from the state where their main
    office will be located.

corporation a company that is registered by a
state and operates apart from its owners
16
Corporations
  • Limited liability is a major advantage of a
    corporation.

limited liability holds a firms owners
responsible for no more than the capital that
they have invested in it
17
Corporations
Advantages of Corporations
Limited liability
Ability to raisemoney byselling stock
Business doesnot end when anowner dies
18
Corporations
Disadvantages of Corporations
Double taxation
More governmentregulation
Difficult andcostly to start
  1. Income is taxed.
  2. Stockholders pay taxes on profits issued to them

19
Other Ways to Organize a Business
  • Other ways to organize a business include

Cooperative
NonprofitOrganization
Franchise
20
Other Ways to Organize a Business
  • The purpose of a cooperative is to save money on
    the purchase of certain goods and services.

cooperative an organization that is owned and
operated by its members
21
Other Ways to Organize a Business
  • A nonprofit organization does not pay taxes
    because it does not make a profit.

nonprofit organization a type of business that
focuses on providing a service, not making a
profit
22
Other Ways to Organize a Business
  • To run a franchise, you have to invest money and
    pay franchise fees or a share of the profits.

franchise a contractual agreement to use the name
and sell the products or services of a company in
a designated geographic area
23
Car Sharing
Car sharing is a popular European process in
which many households share vehicles. Mobility
CarSharing cooperative in Switzerland has over
50,000 clients.
24
Compare Contrast
Sole Proprietorship Partnership Corporation
Start-up Process
Liability
Taxation
Access to credit and capital
After an owner dies or leaves
Easy to Start
Difficult to Start
Easy to Start
Unlimited Liability
Unlimited Liability
Limited Liability
Single Taxation
Single Taxation
Double Taxation
Easier to access than sole proprietorship
Limited access to capital and credit
Easier to access than other forms
Must reorganize when partner leaves
Ends when owner dies
Life continues after an owner dies
25
  1. What is the difference between a sole
    proprietorship and a partnership?

A sole proprietorship is owned by one person. A
partnership is owned by two or more people.
26
  1. If a partner makes a bad decision, what
    responsibility do the other partners have?

All partners share responsibility for a bad
decision.
27
  1. Why are cooperatives formed?

so that the members have advantages in buying and
selling products and services
28
End of
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