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Higher/Intermediate 2

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Higher/Intermediate 2 Close Reading Formulas – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Higher/Intermediate 2


1
Higher/Intermediate 2 Close Reading Formulas
2
Imagery Question
  • 1. Identify the image
  • (what is being compared to what?)
  • 2. Give the literal meaning of the image.
  • 3. Explain the connection between the two.
  • (This suggests that)

3
Linking Sentence Question
  • 1. Quote the words that link back to the previous
    paragraph.
  • 2. Explain what the argument in that paragraph
    is.
  • 3. Quote the words that move the argument
    forward.
  • 4. Explain what the author is now talking about.

4
Word Choice Question
  • 1. Quote a word/phrase.
  • 2. Explain the connotations of the word/phrase
  • (what it makes you think of/what you associate
    with the word).
  • 3. Explain what this suggests about what the
    writer is describing.
  • NOTE You may be required to do this for 2 or 3
    words/phrases ,depending on how many marks the
    question is for.

5
Context Question
  • 1. Give the meaning of the word.
  • 2. Quote a word or phrase from the context.
  • 3. Explain how this word/phrase helps you
    understand the meaning of the original word.
  • NOTE It is good practice to do steps 2 and 3
    again for another word/phrase - especially if
    the question is worth more than 2 marks.

6
Sentence Structure Question
  • To help you find relevant features to comment on,
    follow these steps
  • 1. What type of sentence(s) is/are being used?
  • Statement
  • Exclamation
  • Command
  • Minor sentence

7
Sentence Structure Question (2)
  • How is the punctuation used to divide up the
    sentence?
  • Colons
  • Semi-colons
  • Parenthesis

8
Sentence Structure Question (3)
  • Is there anything unusual about the structure of
    the sentence?
  • Inversion
  • Repetition
  • Climax or anti-climax
  • Antithesis

9
Sentence Structure Question (4)
  • Do the sentences form a pattern?
  • Repetitive or balanced structure
  • Contrast between complex and short sentences

10
Very important note!
  • You get no marks for identifying a relevant
    feature.
  • You must explain how this adds to your
    understanding or to the effect the writer was
    trying to achieve.

11
Sentence structure
  • You need to say that he was using long sentences
    in order to convey
  • Or
  • The parallel openings of I never I never
    are effective because the repetition emphasises
    the writers

12
Language Question
  • 1. Identify the language feature you will be
    dealing with. It could be
  • Word choice
  • Imagery
  • Punctuation
  • Sentence structure
  • 2. Quote.
  • 3. Follow the formula for that type of feature
  • (i.e. imagery question, word choice question,
    etc)
  • to explain its effect.

13
Effective as a Conclusion Question
  • 1. Does it sum up the main points?
  • Quote and explain what they are and quote or
    summarise where they were made earlier on in the
    passage.
  • 2. Does it restate the writers point to view?
  • Quote and explain what it is, then quote from
    earlier in passage and explain the link.
  • 3. Does it link back to the introduction?
  • How? Quote and explain.
  • 4. Does it use word choice/imagery begun in the
    introduction or used
  • throughout passage?
  • Quote and explain from both the conclusion and
    from earlier

14
GUESS WHAT?
15
  • I know you do, so.

16
Ive made you a website!
17
Address
  • http//lorrainespain.com/
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