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Male%20Reproductive%20System

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Male Reproductive System Must know these terms: Vas deferens Bladder Scrotum Testes Urethra – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Male%20Reproductive%20System


1
  • Male Reproductive System
  • Must know these terms
  • Vas deferens
  • Bladder
  • Scrotum
  • Testes
  • Urethra

2
Male Reproductive System Key Terms
  • Sperm- sex cell that is produced by the testes
    that is needed to fertilize an egg
  • Semen- fluid made up of sperm other secretions
    from the male reproductive organs
  • Egg (ovum)- sex cell that is produced by the
    ovaries that can be fertilized by sperm
  • Fertilization- sperm egg join to create a new
    human life

3
Female Reproductive System Key Terms
  • Ovary- female reproductive organ that produces
    eggs the hormones estrogen progesterone
  • Vagina- female reproductive organ that connects
    the outside of the body to the uterus receives
    sperm during reproduction
  • Fallopian tubes- transports an egg from the ovary
    to the uterus
  • Uterus- female reproductive organ that provides a
    place to support a developing human
  • Urethra- The transport tube leading from the
    bladder to discharge urine outside the body. In
    men is also carries semen.
  • Menstrual cycle- monthly series of
    hormone-controlled changes that prepare the
    uterine lining for a pregnancy

4
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5
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6
Menstrual Cycle (Period)
7
Risk of Adolescent Sexual Activity
8
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Key Terms
  • Sexually transmitted disease (STD)- an infectious
    disease that is spread by sexual contact
  • Epidemic- occurrence of more cases of a disease
    than expected
  • Asymptomatic- showing no signs of a disease or
    disorder even though an infection or disease is
    present

9
2 Risks of Sexual Activity
  • Unplanned pregnancy
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

10
Statistics on Sexually Transmitted Diseases
11
Abstinence
12
Serious problems STDs can cause
  • Serious illness
  • Brain damage
  • Cancer
  • Infertility- inability to have children
  • Death

13
4 High Risk BehaviorsPuts Teens at Risk for STDs
  • Being Sexually Active
  • Having more than one sexual partner
  • Having a sexual partner who has had multiple
    sexual partners
  • Using alcohol or drugs

14
  • Abstinence- the only 100 way to prevent
    unplanned pregnancy STDs

15
Preventing STDs
  1. Practice Abstinence
  2. Stay away from alcohol drugs
  3. Learn the facts about STDs, use those facts to
    make good decisions
  4. Choose friends who influence you in a positive
    way
  5. Respect yourself

16
4 Ways STDs are Spread
  • Any type of sexual activity that brings an
    uninfected person in contact with body fluids
    from an infected person
  • Any sexual activity that results in contact
    between one persons genitals another persons
    skin or mucous membranes, in which one of the
    persons is already infected with an STD
  • Direct contact with open sores
  • Mother to her baby before birth, during birth, or
    during breast feeding

17
Babies STDs
  • Miscarriage
  • Blindness bacteria infects babys eyes as the
    baby passes through the birth canal
  • Antibiotic eye drops

18
Common STDs Key Terms
  • Chlamydia- bacterial STD that infects the
    reproductive organs that causes a mucous
    discharge
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)- inflammation
    of the upper female reproductive tract that is
    caused by the migration of a bacterial infection
    from the vagina
  • Gonorrhea- STD that is caused by a bacterium that
    infects mucous membranes, including the genital
    mucous membranes
  • Syphilis- bacterial STD that causes ulcers or
    chancres if untreated, it can lead to mental
    physical disabilities premature death
  • Human Papiloma Virus (HPV)- group of viruses that
    can cause genital warts in males females can
    cause cervical cancer in females

19
Bacterial STDsTreatment- Antibiotics
  • Chlamydia
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Gonorrhea
  • Syphilis

20
Chlamydia- bacterial STD that infects the
reproductive organs that causes a mucous
discharge
  • Symptoms
  • -Pain during urination
  • -Penis discharge vaginal discharge bleeding
  • If untreated
  • -Infertility
  • -Pelvic pain
  • -Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  • -Injure reproductive organs
  • -blindness in infants

21
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)- inflammation
of the upper female reproductive tract that is
caused by the migration of a bacterial infection
from the vagina
  • Symptoms
  • Pain in abdoben/pelvic
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Long painful menstual cycles
  • Painful urination
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • If untreated
  • Scars in fallopian tubes or uterus- infertility
  • Chronic pelvic pain

22
Gonorrhea- STD that is caused by a bacterium that
infects mucous membranes, including the genital
mucous membranes
  • Symptoms
  • Painful urination
  • Discharge from penis discharge or bleeding from
    vagina
  • Pain in pelvic area
  • If untreated
  • PID
  • Scars urethra/painful urination
  • Swelling testicles/infertility
  • Blindness
  • Joint infection

23
Syphilis- bacterial STD that causes ulcers or
chancres if untreated, it can lead to mental
physical disabilities premature death
  • Symptoms
  • Phase 1-painless ulcer or chancre
  • Phase 2-fever, rash, swollen lymph nodes, joint
    pain, muscle aches
  • Phase 3-heart nervous system damage, blindness,
    loss of mental abilities, death
  • If Untreated
  • Mental physical disabilities
  • Premature death
  • Severe mental disabilities
  • Deafness
  • Death

24
Viral STDsNo Cures
  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
  • Genital Herpes
  • Hepatitis
  • Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV)

25
Human Papiloma Virus (HPV)- group of viruses that
can cause genital warts in males females can
cause cervical cancer in females
  • Symptoms
  • Genital/anal warts
  • Treatment
  • Surgical removal, freezing or medication for
    warts but will often return
  • If untreated
  • High risk of cervical cancer
  • Increased risk of developing genital cancers

26
Genital Herpes
  • Symptoms
  • -Type 1-cold sores blisters
  • -Type 2-mild or no symptoms
  • If untreated
  • Infections of liver, brain, skin, eyes, mouth
  • Death

27
Hepatitis
  • Hepatitis B C are STDs
  • Symptoms- tired, muscle aches, fever, loss of
    appetite, dark urine
  • Treatment- liver transplant, vaccine for B
  • If untreated- liver damage, failure, cancer,
    premature death

28
STDs Caused by Parasites
  • Pubic Lice-crawl on the skin lay eggs on the
    hairs-spread by skin to skin contact
  • Scabies-tiny mites that burrow into the skin of
    an infected person, skin to skin contact
  • Trichomoniasis-protozoan, single celled animal
    that is little larger that a bacterium

29
5 things person should do if they think they have
an STD
  1. Seek medical help right away
  2. Complete the full course of medication
  3. Have follow-up testing done
  4. Avoid all sexual activity while being treated
  5. Notify all sexual partners
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