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OSHA Universal Precautions Refresher Training

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Title: OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard New Employee Orientation Author: kparke05 Last modified by: John Matias Created Date: 7/18/2006 1:44:31 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: OSHA Universal Precautions Refresher Training


1
OSHAUniversal Precautions Refresher
Training
  • Environmental Health and Safety
  • Biosafety
  • Tufts University School of Medicine
  • Posner Hall
  • 200 Harrison Avenue

2
Universal Precautions
  • Approach to Infection Control
  • All human blood and certain human body fluids are
    treated as infectious for HIV, HBV and other
    bloodborne pathogens

3
Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Carried, replicated, and/or transmitted in blood
    or blood products
  • Capable of causing disease.
  • All human blood and other potentially infectious
    material (OPIM) should be considered infectious
    infectious.

4
Primary Categories of Protection
  • Engineering Controls
  • Work Place Practices
  • Personal Protective Equipment

5
Compliance
  • Goal is to prevent contact with blood or other
    potentially infectious material.
  • All bodily fluids should be considered infectious.

6
Engineering Controls
  • Isolate or Remove the Hazard
  • Sharps disposal containers
  • Self-sheathing needles
  • Sharps with sharp injury protection
  • Needleless systems
  • Hand washing sinks readily available
  • Alternative
  • Appropriate antiseptic hand cleaner/towlettes
  • Nearby sink for hand washing

7
Work Practice Controls
  • Wash hands immediately or as soon as feasible
    after removing gloves or other Personal
    Protective Equipment (PPE).

8
Work Practice Controls
  • Sharps should not be bent, recapped, sheared or
    broken.
  • Unless employer demonstrates no feasible
    alternative
  • Must be accomplished through the use of a
    mechanical device or one handed technique

9
Needle Safety
  • Prohibited bending, shearing, breaking
  • separation of needles and syringes
  • Alternative Work Practice Controls
  • one handed technique
  • needle recapping devices

10
Work Practice Controls
  • Sharps Disposal
  • Immediately after use
  • Disposed of in appropriate sharps containers
  • Puncture resistant
  • Leak proof
  • Labeled with the Universal Biohazard Symbol

11
Communication
12
Sharps Containers
  • Needles and syringes
  • Do not recap
  • Place in sharps container after use
  • Contaminated glass
  • Contaminated plastic pipets or pipet tips
  • Razor blades, scalpels
  • Broken glass
  • Put in Enviroclean box when 2/3 full

13
Examples
14
Examples
15
Work Practice Controls
  • No eating, drinking, applying cosmetics, handling
    contacts
  • No storage of food/drink for human consumption in
    same areas as storage for human specimens

16
Work Practice Controls
  • Minimize procedures that create aerosols,
    splashing, spraying, droplets
  • Specimens for transport must be in sealed,
    secondary containment, labeled with the Universal
    Biohazard Symbol or other facility recognized
    Biohazard Transport container

17
Personal Protection EquipmentPPE
  • Cover all areas of your body to prevent contact
    with potentially contaminated blood or body
    fluids.
  • Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Lab Coat / Disposable Gown
  • Safety Glasses
  • Face Shield
  • Gloves
  • Disposable Booties
  • Surgical Mask versus N-95 Respirator
  • All contaminated PPE must be removed prior to
    leaving work area!!

18
Universal Precautions ReviewCertification
  • This is a required component of your application
    to the TUSM Visiting Student Program.
  • I certify that I have reviewed the TUSM OSHA
    Universal Precautions Guidelines.
  • Printed Name_____________________________________
  • Signature_______________________________________D
    ate____________
  • Print ONLY this page of this document and mail
    along with your application and other supporting
    materials to
  • TUSM Visiting Student Program
  • Registrars Office
  • 145 Harrison Ave.
  • Boston, MA 02111
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