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Hazardous%20Materials%20Awareness

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Hazardous Materials Awareness Blountstown Fire Department Training Division – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hazardous%20Materials%20Awareness


1
Hazardous Materials Awareness
  • Blountstown Fire Department
  • Training Division

2
Involved Standards and Regulations
  • OSHA, 29 CFR 1910.120 and EPA, 40 CFR Part 311
    Requires all first responders to be trained at
    the Awareness level and use of the ERG
  • NFPA 704 Standard for hazardous materials
    marking and placards.

3
First Responder Awareness Level
  • Recognize Potential Incident
  • Call For Assistance
  • Take No Further Action
  • Not Part of the Emergency Response

4
Operations Level
  • Defensive Operations- Outside Release Area
  • Decon Assistance, containment outside release
    area
  • Dispatched As Part of the Initial Response

5
Technician Level
  • Offensive Operations
  • Usually Operates in Hot Zone
  • Part of a HazMat Team

6
Specialist Level
  • Enhanced or Specialized Task Specific Training

7
Incident Commander Level
  • At Least Operations Level Certified
  • Trained in ICS

8
The Role of the Awareness Level First Responder
  • R N I
  • Recognition of the hazardous chemical
  • Notification of the proper authorities
  • Isolation of the area around the incident
  • NEVER attempt to mitigate the scene without
    proper PPE and training.

9
Elements of Recognition
  • Container Shape and Type
  • Tank, Drum, Bag or Box
  • Container Composition
  • Metal, Glass, Paper, Cardboard or Plastic

10
RNI continued..
  • Markings
  • -Placards
  • -Only required for vehicles transporting 1000
    lbs of product or more.
  • -Labels on packages or containers
  • -Signage or Stenciling
  • -Color Coding
  • No Marking requirement for fixed facilities.

11
Using Context Clues
  • What is typical for the Occupancy?
  • Use your senses
  • -Sight- Effects on humans, animals and plants.
  • Form the spilled material takes
    (gas/solid/liquid)
  • -Sound- noise from product being released
  • sound of relief valves operating
  • sound of victims screaming
  • -Smell- not typically recommended. Generally if
    you smell it, its too late.

12
Context Clues continued..
  • Information gathering
  • -Information from Bystanders
  • -Eyewitnesses
  • -Shipping Papers

13
The ERG
  • Each Chemical has a 4 digit ID number
  • If the chemical name is highlighted go
    directly to the GREEN section.
  • If the chemical is not highlighted, find the
    guide number and locate it in the ORANGE section.
  • If a number cannot be found but if the chemical
    is known it may be looked up alphabetically.

14
Unknown Substance
  • If a reference guide cannot be found and an
    incident is thought to involve dangerous
    chemicals
  • TURN TO GUIDE 111 and use until more information
    comes available.

15
Guidebook Contents
16
Yellow Bordered Pages
  • Lists dangerous chemicals in numerical order of
    ID number
  • For Example
  • ID Guide Name of Material
  • 1203 128 Gasoline

17
Blue Bordered Pages
  • Lists dangerous goods in alphabetical order of
    material name.
  • For Example
  • Material Name Guide No. ID No.
  • Toluene 130 1294

18
Orange Bordered Pages
  • THE MOST IMPORTANT SECTION OF THE GUIDEBOOK!!!!
  • Gives safety recommendations and emergency
    response information.
  • The left hand page provides safety related
    information
  • The right hand page provides emergency response
    guidance and activities for fires, spills, leaks
    and first aid.

19
Green Bordered Pages
  • Contains a table which lists by number TIH (toxic
    inhalation hazards) and initial isolation
    distances.
  • For Example
  • Find Chlorine in the ERG and give the initial
    isolation distance for a small spill at night .
  • SMALL SPILL Less than 200 Liters
  • LARGE SPILL Greater than 200 Liters

20
Safety Precautions
  • Always approach the scene uphill and upwind.
  • Secure the scene outside the HOT Zone.
  • Gather as much information as possible, identify
    the hazards if possible.
  • Asses the situation
  • Is there a fire, spill or leak?
  • What are the weather conditions?
  • What is the terrain like?
  • Who is at risk people, property or
    environment?
  • What actions should be taken?
  • What can be done immediately?
  • Obtain Help Call the appropriate authorities.

21
Who do I call?
  • Notify your local Emergency Operations Center.
  • Notify the emergency response number on the
    shipping documents.
  • Contact the appropriate National Agency if
    necessary.
  • For Domestic shipments call CHEMTREC
    1-800-424-9300 (p. 10)
  • For military shipments with explosives or
    ammunitions 703-697-8703 all others call
    1-800-851-8061
  • Nationwide Poison Control Center 1-800-222-1222

22
Establish Operational Zones
  • Hot Zone- Area near the release. Usually
    requires specialized clothing to enter.
    Perimeter can be outlined using the ERGs Initial
    Isolation Distances.
  • Warm Zone- Area used for decon. Size dependent
    on space needed. Requires specialized clothing
    one level below hot zone. Should be a limited
    access area.

23
Operational Zones continued
  • Cold Zone- Operational area outside warm zone.
    Used for staging resources and Incident Command.
    No special clothing requirements.

24
Identifying Chemicals
  • The placard system is the most common
    identification system in hazardous materials
    transport.
  • Notice the color and picture on the placard.
  • Notice the ID number on the placard.
  • Notice the shape and size of the container.

25
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28
Intermodal Containers
  • Intermodal containers have been shipped
    internationally or across great distances with
    varying identification systems.

29
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33
  • ALWAYS approach pressurized tanks from the
    center. The end caps are the weakest point and
    the most dangerous!

34
Vehicle Crash involving a semi-tractor trailer
displaying this placard
35
The vehicle it collided with was displaying this
placard and is now making a hissing noise from
the rear compartment.
36
A farmers truck rolls over and catches fire,
hes carrying 25 bags of the substance pictured
below
37
Youve been called to a structure fire in the
front of a building. While performing a primary
search, you and your partner come across this
scene
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