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Country Case: Sweden Workshop 1. Multicultural counseling competences acquired through guidance counselor training

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Title: Country Case: Sweden Workshop 1. Multicultural counseling competences acquired through guidance counselor training


1
Country Case Sweden Workshop 1. Multicultural
counseling competences acquired through
guidance counselor training
  • Fredrik Hertzberg Åsa Sundelin, Department of
    education, Stockholm university
  • Thessaloniki, Greece, September 29th, 2011

2
The purpose of the presentation
  • The purpose of this presentation is to give an
    overview of reserach in Sweden which focus on the
    professional considerations of career counselors
    in multiethnic, and deals with the ethical and
    political considerations that may have
    implications for prevailing guidance practices.

3
Disposition
  • A presentation of the ongoing project Counseling
    between recognition, justice and difference. A
    qualitative study of career counseling of youth
    with immigrant background, sponsored by the
    Swedish Research Council.
  • Fredrik Hertzberg, Petra Roll Bennett Åsa
    Sundelin

4
Counseling between recognition, justice and
difference
  • In this project, our aim is to study the
    approaches of career counselers in Swedish
    primary and secondary education to youth of
    immigrant descent, with a focus on how they
    manage issues which are specific to them adn
    related to the transition from school to work (or
    further education).
  • We also interested the scope given to the
    different orientations towards work, education
    and the future, which is expressed by those young
    persons.

5
Counseling between recognition, justice and
difference (2)
  • The keywords in title relates to three different
    perspectives and theoretical orientations. It
    covers three different aspects of multicultural
    counseling, which always needs to be addressed.
  • Recognition concerning the disposition or will
    recognize the different approaches to work, even
    if they deviate from the norm, i.e. the most
    common and acknowledged approaches. (Theories on
    justice and recognition in multiculturalism
    Kymlycka, Walzer, etc.)

6
Counseling between recognition, justice and
difference (3)
  • Justice concerning the strategies to create
    equal opportunities for all, on the threshold to
    the labour market and life as an adult citizen
    (conceptions of justice, but also and the
    regulative use of fairness Callinicos
    Durkheim, Dewey, Foucault)
  • Difference concerning the tendency to produce or
    reproduce ethnic or racial stereotypes or
    prejudices, and the propensity to over-emphasize
    the importance of cultural traits related to
    ethnicity and religion. (Theories of ethnicity
    and post-colonialism Eriksen, Jenkins, Gilroy,
    etc.)

7
Counseling between recognition, justice and
difference (4)
  • In sum, the aim could be reformulated in the
    following phrasing we aim to study the ways in
    which the objectives of justice and recognition
    are balances to each other, during the process of
    educational and vocational choosing, and in which
    ways ethnic identity and migrantship is supposed
    to have significance for this process.

8
Counseling between recognition, justice and
difference (5)
  • Three studies
  • The institutional, economical and discursive
    frameworks of counseling for migrant youth
    (Hertzberg)
  • The interaction between the counselor and the
    counselee (Sundelin)
  • The relation between the parents and the
    counseling activities at school (and the parents
    apprehension of future career possibilities for
    their children in Sweden Roll Bennett)

9
Counseling between recognition, justice and
difference (6)
  • Three studies
  • Interviews with counselors, teachers headmasters,
    senior officers at the municipality, local
    politicians documents
  • Recordings from counseling sessions, interviews
    with counselors
  • Interviews with parents and children

10
Counseling between recognition, justice and
difference (7)
  • The first study the institutional, economical
    and discursive frameworks of counseling for
    migrant youth
  • Which professional considerations governs the
    counseling activities? Which experiences guides
    attention and practice? Which norms and values
    are influent? Which notions are central as
    interpretative tools?
  • Target professional considerations at governing
    level and practice level

11
Counseling between recognition, justice and
difference (7)
  • The second study The counseling process -
    Interaction in the counseling dialogue
  • Develop knowledge and understanding about
    multicultural counseling
  • Explore intercultural counseling dialogues
    through exposing, illustrating and explaining
    dialogue processes in relation to the context of
    the dialogue

12
Counseling between recognition, justice and
difference (8)
  • Counselor and student with foreign background
    (upper secondary school and secondary school)
  • What takes place in the dialogue What are the
    actions and reactions counselor and student
  • Learning perspective on how and what in the
    dialogue
  • The role of understanding
  • Broadening perspectives
  • Content

13
Counseling between recognition, justice and
difference (9)
  • The third study - interviews with parents focus
    on following issues
  • Parents own experiences of education/career, both
    in their native country of origin and in Sweden.
  • Parents ideas about childrens possibilities/limit
    ations in future life.
  • Parents views of their own influence on
    childrens education/future career.
  • Parents views about their possibilities/limitation
    s to take part in/influence school and career
    counselling.

14
Counseling between recognition, justice and
difference (10)
  • We know, from earlier research (Hertzberg 2003,
    2008 Sawyer 2006), that there is a tendency to
    focus on ethnic belonging and culturally derived
    values and norms, and downplaying the
    significance of individual deliberation, when
    describing the agency of youth of migrant descent
    (as the oversocialized individuals described by
    C Wright Mills and the ethnomethodologists
    respectively - in their critique of Parsonian
    sociology)

15
Counseling between recognition, justice and
difference (11)
  • Still, those earlier studies have a tendency to
    overemphasize tropes employed in discursive
    expressions during interviews, and the ongoing
    language-play (for instance the contrasting of
    social categories), not fully regarding other
    conditions for the articulation of discourse,
    such as professional considerations (counseling
    competence) and institutional frameworks i.e.
    the social world to which discourses refers.
    Thus, a more exhaustive contextualization of
    empirical material from interviews is needed.

16
Counseling between recognition, justice and
difference (12)
  • Thus, we want to gain further knowledge of
  • Opinions on the relevance of ethnicity and
    migration to counseling
  • the frames of interpretations employed when
    considering the future possibilities (at school,
    work and elsewhere) of migrant youth
  • Ways to balance the objectives of recognition and
    justice in a professional context
  • In short the process of professional
    sense-making
  • The negotiation between parents and school about
    the content and the direction in strategies for
    the future
  • The possibility of recognition of perspectives to
    work and education which differs from
    taken-for-granted norms or ideals

17
Interested in cooperation? Sharing ideas and
knowledge?
  • Please contact us!
  • Fredrik Hertzberg (fredrik.hertzberg_at_edu.su.se)
  • Petra Roll Bennett (petra_at_edu.su.se).
  • Åsa Sundelin (asa.sundelin_at_edu.su.se)
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