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Title:

Alcohol

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Alcohol & Drugs Who drinks? Children from wealthy families at greater risk than middle class College graduates Less likely to drink heavily (Compared to H.S. dropouts ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Alcohol


1
Alcohol Drugs
2
(No Transcript)
3
Who drinks?
  • Children from wealthy families
  • at greater risk than middle class
  • College graduates
  • Less likely to drink heavily
  • (Compared to H.S. dropouts)
  • High school dropouts
  • Heavy problem drinkers

4
Why do people drink?
  • Environment
  • Genetics
  • Particularly in men

5
What Determines Effects?
  • Body weight is a factor
  • (Higher weight less effect)
  • Womens stomachs absorb alcohol more efficiently
    higher blood alcohol levels with less drinking

6
Problems with alcohol
  • Tolerance
  • Dependence
  • Withdrawal
  • Addiction

7
Tolerance
  • More drug to get same effect

8
Dependence
  • Body becomes dependent on drug for normal
    functioning
  • Removal withdrawal symptoms

9
Withdrawal
  • The shakes
  • DTs Delirium tremens
  • Hallucinations
  • Disorientation
  • Convulsions

10
Alcohol pregnancy
  • Decrease in fertility infertility
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
  • Stillbirths
  • Miscarriage
  • Even with light to moderate drinking

11
Indirect hazards
  • Accidents
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Suicidal ideas and attempts
  • Unprotected sex
  • Forced sexual experience

12
Alcohol dependency syndrome
  • Impaired control
  • Drink-seeking behavior
  • Awareness of the compulsion to drink
  • Withdrawal symptoms
  • Drink to avoid withdrawal symptoms
  • Negative reinforcement

13
Change without therapy
  • Spontaneous remission
  • Quitting without a formal cessation program

14
Relapse
  • About Smoking, opiate (drug) use

15
Opiate drugs (e.g. Heroin)
  • Tolerance and dependence quickly
  • As little as 24 hours

16
(No Transcript)
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