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Chapter 22, Lesson 1


Title: MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL HEALTH Author: wcpss Last modified by: Keller Home Created Date: 9/9/2009 11:16:05 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 22, Lesson 1

Illegal Drugs
  • Chapter 22, Lesson 1
  • Health risks of drug use

Substance Abuse
  • Substance abuse
  • Any unnecessary or improper use of chemical
    substances for non-medical purposes
  • Illegal drugs
  • Chemical substances that people of any age may
    not lawfully manufacture, possess, buy, or sell
  • Illicit drug use
  • The use or sale of any substance that is illegal
    or otherwise is not permitted
  • Illegal drug use can lead to death.

Factors that influence Teens
  • Peer pressure
  • Family members
  • Role models
  • Media messages (TV, Radio, websites, movies,
  • Perceptions of drug behavior
  • Misleading information (beneficial? Ex steroid
    use boosts sports performance)

How drugs affect your health
  • Physical Health
  • Overdose strong, sometimes fatal reaction
  • Increased risk of disease HIV, hepatitis B
  • Mental Health
  • Alters brain structure and function Ecstasy
  • Impairs ability to reason and think
  • Lowers inhibitions illegal or dangerous
  • Social Health
  • Loss of friendships and other relationships
  • Legal consequences (leading cause of crime,
    suicide, and unintentional injuries)

Other Effects of Drug Use
  • Reactions can occur from one time use or multiple
  • Tolerance
  • Psychological dependence
  • Physiological dependence
  • Addiction great difficulty stopping use
  • Illegal drugs are not regulated, so compounds and
    ingredients may be different in each batch made
    by manufacturer.

Individual Consequences of Drug Use
  • Reasoning is clouded domino effect one bad
    decision leads to another examples?
  • Interests and goals unattained
  • Leading factor in teen depression and suicide
  • Increased violence, crime, accidental death
  • More likely to be arrested - jail

What about Friends/Family and others?
  • Drug use affects everyone in persons life
  • Family feels burden of the emotional and
    financial costs
  • Spending time with friends is halted
  • Drugs passed from mother to developing fetusborn
    with birth defects, behavioral problems, or drug
  • How would you feel losing a friend to drugs?

Consequences for Society
  • Causes harm to society (drug-related crime and
  • DUI/DWI collisions cause injuries/deaths
  • Affects Nations economy
  • 180 billion/year
  • Lost work hours/productivity drug-related
    illnesses, jail time, accidents, deaths
  • Health care costs and legal fees
  • Law enforcement costs/insurance costs

Illegal Drugs
  • Chapter 22, Lesson 2
  • Marijuana, inhalants, and steroids

  • Mind-altering and can damage users health leads
    to risky behavior (gateway drug)
  • Influenced by mood and surroundings
  • Hallucinations and paranoia
  • Impaired short-term memory, reaction time,
    concentration coordination
  • Decreased initiative and ambition
  • Lung irritation heart and lung damage
  • Weakened immunity to infection
  • Femalesrisk of infertility Maleslow sperm
    count testosterone levels

  • Physical consequences
  • Same health risks as tobacco smokers
  • Contains more cancer-causing chemicals than
    tobacco smoke (421 different chemicals)
  • Mental and Emotional consequences
  • Raises levels of dopamine in brain (high then
  • Paranoia irrational, suspicious or distrust
  • Very sleepy driving?
  • Social consequences
  • Injury/death to others if driving impaired
  • Legal prosecution loss of privileges

  • Substances whose fumes are sniffed or inhaled to
    give effect
  • (i.e. solvents, aerosols, glues, paints,
    varnishes, and gasoline brain damage)
  • Depress central nervous system with effects
  • Glassy stare, slurred speech, impaired judgment
  • Nausea, coughing, nosebleeds, fatigue, lack of
  • Extremely dangerous labeled as poisons work
    in well-ventilated room and wear a mask if long
    exposure is required

Steroid Use
  • Anabolic-androgenic Steroids
  • synthetic substances similar to male sex hormones
    (anabolic muscle building androgenic male
  • Effects on males - Effects on females
  • Shrinking testicles - facial hair
  • Reduced sperm count - baldness
  • Baldness - menstrual cycle changes
  • Development of breasts - deepened voice
  • Increased risk of prostate cancer

Steroid Use
  • When used without medical supervision,
  • illegal dangerous!
  • Unnatural muscle growth
  • Weight gain, acne, high blood pressure, liver
    kidney tumors
  • Violent behavior, mood swings, depression,
  • Injected increases risk of HIV, hepatitis B
  • Athletes face team/event expulsion, fines,
    tarnished reputation, jail time

Illegal Drugs
  • Chapter22, Lesson 3
  • Psychoactive drugs

Effects of Psychoactive Drugs
  • Psychoactive Drugs
  • Chemicals that affect the central nervous system
    and alter activity to the brain
  • Four main groups
  • stimulants, depressants, opiates, hallucinogens

Club Drugs, Stimulants, Depressants
  • Club Drug designer drugs made to imitate
    other drugs can be 700x stronger
  • Rohypnol roofies depressants (colorless,
    odorless, tasteless), slows CNS. Also called the
    date rape drug. Criminal offense to engage
    sexual activity with someone under the influence
  • GHB (gamma hydroxybutyic acid) depressant date
  • Never allow a stranger to handle your drink

  • Drugs that speed up the CNS can lead to death
  • Methamphetamine Meth (street name)
  • LSD (acid)
  • Nicotine (found in tobacco products)
  • Caffeine (coffee, tea, soda, power drinks)
  • Cocaine can cause malnutrition, cardiac
  • Crack mixed with alcohol can be fatal
  • Amphetamines highly addictive

  • Drugs that slow the CNS negative and sometimes
    deadly effects
  • Barbiturates sedatives rarely used for medical
    purposes that used with alcohol can be fatal
  • Tranquilizers relieves anxiety, muscle spasms,
    sleeplessness, and nervousness. When overused,
    could cause physiological and psychological
    dependence, coma, and death
  • Alcohol commonly used mixed with other drugs
    can be deadly

  • Serious mental/emotional and physical
    consequences altering moods, thoughts, sense
    perceptions (vision, smell, hearing, touch) can
    last for hours or days extremely unpredictable
  • Examples include
  • Ecstasy stimulant and hallucinogen causing
    short-term euphoria
  • PCP angel dust most dangerous
  • Mushrooms and Peyote poisoning and death when
    harvest with toxic species

Opiates (Narcotics)
  • Derived from opium plant, obtainable only through
    prescription used to relieve pain
  • Morphine
  • Codeine
  • Oxycodone also known as OxyContin
  • Heroin

Illegal Drugs
  • Chapter 22, Lesson 4
  • Living drug-free

Resisting Pressure
  • Everybody is NOT doing it! almost 62 of high
    school students have never tried marijuana and
    90 have never tried cocaine.
  • Commit to be drug free choose friends with same
    values avoid places of availability
  • Refusal Skills plan ahead, what will you say?
  • Healthy Alternatives hobbies, sports, community
    activities, school organizations/clubs

Becoming Drug Free
  • Recognize warning signs page 614, Figure 22.15
  • Identify help in community
  • Talk to person when he/she is sober express
    concern and care without being judgmental
  • Listen to response be prepared for anger and
  • Offer support

Getting Help
  • Outpatient drug-free treatment
  • Short-term treatment
  • Maintenance therapy
  • Therapeutic communities
  • Behavioral change strategies through counseling
    adjusting to life w/o drugs
  • Support groups long-term support
  • Family support

  • What is the CNS and what is its function?
  • Central Nervous System
  • Functions brain and spinal cord receives
    impulses to/from nerves to body coordinating all
    body activities (breathing, digesting food,
    sensing pain, feeling fear moving fingers, legs,
    speaking, swallowing, thinking, doing)