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Climate

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Climate Chapter 25 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Climate


1
Climate
  • Chapter 25

2
  • Climate the average weather conditions of an
    area over a long period of time
  • But weather is the day to day conditions
  • Climate you expect and weather is what you get

Questions Compare and contrast weather and
climate.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
3
  • An Areas Climate
  • Based on
  • Average temperature
  • Average precipitation

Questions What two factors are included in
climate?
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
4
  • Factors that influence climate
  • Latitude
  • Earths tilt
  • Earths revolution around the sun
  • Topography
  • Oceans present
  • Altitude
  • Wind present
  • Ice/glaciers present

Questions Explain how various factors
influence climate.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
5
  • Latitude
  • Different latitudes receive different intensities
    of solar energy
  • Equator direct and strong
  • Poles large angle so weak
  • This amount of solar energy effects the
  • Temperature
  • Precipitation
  • Wind patterns

Questions Explain how various factors
influence climate.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
6
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7
  • Earths axis
  • Earth is tilted and spins on an axis
  • The tilt determines the part of the Earth that
    faces the sun
  • Winter Earth is pointing away so angle is
    greater (rays are weaker) also there are less
    hours on light
  • Summer Earth is pointing toward so angle is
    less (rays are stronger) also we have more hours
  • As it spins it wobbles which causes different
    amounts of solar radiation to reach each part of
    the Earth

Questions Explain how various factors
influence climate.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
8
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9
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10
  • Wind and Ocean patterns
  • Difference in temperature, pressure, and density
    cause wind and ocean currents
  • Remember
  • Cold is denser and has higher pressure - So cold
    air and water at poles moves down toward equator
  • Warm is less dense and has a lower pressure so
    warmer air and water at equator moves up toward
    the poles

Questions Explain how various factors
influence climate.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
11
  • Topography
  • Topography - surface features of the Earth
  • Each type of feature absorbs and reflects
    different amounts of energy
  • Based on color, texture, and composition
  • These different rates of absorption and release
    of energy affect the climate in the area

Questions Explain how various factors
influence climate.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
12
(No Transcript)
13
  • Topography
  • Elevation
  • Higher up colder
  • A mountain has rain on one side and a drought on
    the other (called rain shadow)
  • Closer to water
  • Land absorbs and releases heat faster than ocean
    larger temperature difference
  • Near oceans - more moderate temperatures and more
    precipitation

Questions Explain how various factors
influence climate.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
14
http//www.teachersdomain.org/ext/ess05_int_climat
ezones/index.html
15
  • Climate zones
  • There are three climate zones each with its own
    characteristics
  • Three zones
  • Tropical
  • Middle latitude/Temperate
  • Polar

Questions Explain how various factors
influence climate.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
16
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17
  • Tropical zones
  • Characteristics
  • Hot yearly
  • Types
  • Tropical rain forest - dry
  • Tropical desert - rainy
  • Savanna wet seasons

Questions Explain how various factors
influence climate.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
18
Tropical Rainforest
19
Tropical desert
20
Savanna
21
  • Temperate latitude climates
  • Characteristics
  • Temperatures, rain and vegetation vary based on
    location
  • Temperature
  • Depends where equator location
  • Precipitation
  • Depends on water locations

Questions Explain how various factors
influence climate.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
22
Temperate forest
23
  • Polar climates
  • Characteristics
  • Temperatures are at or below freezing
  • Types
  • Subarctic
  • Largest temperature difference
  • Tundra
  • Polar ice caps
  • Mostly ice, never above freezing

Questions Explain how various factors
influence climate.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
24
Polar ice caps
25
Tundra
26
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27
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28
Subarctic
29
  • Local climates
  • Microclimates climate of small areas
  • Ex. Cities

Questions Explain how various factors
influence climate.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
30
  • Studying climate
  • Climatologist scientists who gather data to
    study past and present climate to find patterns
  • Types of data collected
  • Ice cores
  • Sea floor sediment
  • Fossils
  • Tree rings

Questions Explain the various methods used to
study climate
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
31
  • Climate models
  • Use computers to simulate factors of climate to
    see affects of various climate conditions

Questions Explain the various methods used to
study climate
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
32
  • Causes of climate change
  • Plate tectonics
  • Orbital changes
  • Human activity
  • Volcanic activity

Questions Explain how various factors cause
climate change.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
33
  • Plate tectonics
  • Changing continent location can change
  • Wind and currents
  • These effect temperature and precipitation

Questions Explain how various factors cause
climate change.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
34
  • Orbital changes
  • The shape of Earths orbit
  • Effect the distance from the sun (temp. affected)
  • The wobble on Earths axis can cause change
  • Change in tilt change angle toward (temp. and
    season changes)

Questions Explain how various factors cause
climate change.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
35
  • Human activity
  • Pollution
  • Cause global warming
  • Deforestation
  • Increases carbon dioxide and thus cause global
    warming

Questions Explain how various factors cause
climate change.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
36
  • Volcanic activity
  • Sulfur and ash collect in the air and block solar
    radiation
  • This decreases temp.

Questions Explain how various factors cause
climate change.
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
37
  • Impacts of climate change
  • Changes in one thing affects all because they are
    connected
  • Types of impacts
  • Global warming
  • Due to pollution
  • Cause droughts and its problems
  • Sea level changes
  • Melting icecaps raise water flooding places
  • Precipitation changes
  • Affect all living organisms

Questions What are some impacts of climate
changes?
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
38
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39
  • What can we do
  • Laws
  • Alternative energy
  • Reduce, reuse, recycle
  • Better cars and maintenance

Questions What can we do to limit climate
changes?
SC.912.E.7.4 Summarize the conditions that
contribute to the climate of an area, including
relationships to lakes and oceans. SC.912.E.7.7
Identify, analyze, and relate the internal
(Earth) and external (space) conditions that
contribute to global climate changes. SC.e.7.8
Explain how various atmospheric, oceanic, and
hydrologic conditions in Florida have influenced
human behavior, both individually and
collectively. SC.e.7.9 Cite evidence that the
ocean has had a significant influence on climate
changes by absorbing, storing, and moving heat,
carbon and water.
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