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Geography 101

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After Objectivism? Ethnocentrism and Racism Our way is best Civilizing Natives Non-whites Environmental Determinism The belief that certain physical ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geography 101


1
After Objectivism?
2
Ethnocentrism and Racism
  • Our way is best
  • Civilizing
  • Natives
  • Non-whites

3
Environmental Determinism
  • The belief that certain physical environments
    (climates) are more inclined to produce advanced
    civilizations than others
  • Torrid (tropics)
  • Temperate (mid-latitudes)
  • MediterraneanMiddle of the Earth
  • Frigid (polar regions)
  • Theorized that this region was the most likely
    to produce an advanced civilization

4
Mid-Latitudes (40º-50º N)
5
Environmental DeterminismExample
  • Q Is it true that tropical climates cause
  • laziness and promiscuity?

6
Birth Rate Income PC
  • Tropics
  • Liberia 42.25 500
  • Afghanistan 38.37 800
  • Haiti 29.10 1,300
  • Burundi 41.76 300
  • Mid-Latitudes
  • Belgium 10.15 36,600
  • Japan 7.64 32,600
  • Australia 12.47 38,500
  • United States 13.83 46,400

CIA World Factbook Estimates for 2009
7
Is it true?
  • The stats are accurate.
  • Must be true then?
  • If so, then do Western cultures, based on the
    statistics, have a right to conquer / colonize
    these uncivilized lazy, promiscuous people to
    show them how to live more civilized?
  • Lets ask the Nazis, the Spanish, the English.

Or the Yanks?
8
World divisions Late 20th century
  • 1st World (Developed World, MDCs)
  • 2nd World
  • 3rd World (Undeveloped World, LDCs)
  • 4th World

Industrialized capitalist countries of Western
Europe, North America
Centrally-planned socialist countries of the
former USSR, Cuba, and others
Ex-colonies Vietnam, Brazil, Algeria, etc.
Indigenous and Tribal Communities
9
Global North vs. Global South
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