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Social Safety Nets


Social Safety Nets Issues and Future Strategies P. Sumanapala Director Department of National Planning Ministry of Finance and Planning – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Social Safety Nets

Social Safety Nets Issues and Future
P. Sumanapala Director Department of National
Planning Ministry of Finance and Planning
Social Sector at Glance
1990 2002
1. Human Development Index 0.67 0.75
2. Poverty ratio 26 23
3. Poverty gap ratio 5.6 5.1
4. Gini Coefficient 0.45 0.46
5. Unemployment rate 14 8
6. Net enrolment ratio in primary school 92 96
7. Literacy rate (15.24) 93 96
8. Mortality rate (under 5) 22 19
9. Share of women in wage employment (non agri) 29 31
10. Percentage of senior citizens - 10
11. Percentage of differently able persons - 2
  • Major Safety Net Programmes
  • Income transfers under the Samurdhi Programme
  • Micro Credit Schemes implemented by various
    public institutions/ banks/ NGOs
  • Infrastructure development at village level (eg.
    Gama Neguma)
  • Free distribution of school uniforms and text
  • Nutrition packages to pregnant and lactating
  • Flood and drought relief programmes
  • Public assistance to vulnerable groups (eg.
    Indigent elders)
  • Payments to disable soldiers
  • Assistance to conflict affected people/ IDPs

Major Shortcomings of the Safety Nets
  • Overlapping programmes by various Ministries/
    Institutions/ Agencies/ NGOs
  • Poor targeting in the Samurdhi programme
  • Inadequacy of income transfers
  • Negligence of non-income aspects
  • Limited payments for disable people
  • Insufficient quantity of dry ration to IDPs

Proposed Policy Options
  • Re-vamping cash transfer programme
  • - Suitable entry mechanism
  • - Suitable exit mechanism
  • Helping to the poor escape poverty
  • - Income generating projects
  • - Skills development
  • Addressing individual vulnerabilities
  • - Make people aware of benefits of preventing
  • - Help reducing stigma about the disabled
  • - Develop measures to improve safety
  • - Promote disable people to participate fully
    in the socio-economic life
  • - Ensure better coverage of the disabled in
    safety net programmes
  • Developing Comprehensive Package of Intervention
    for Disaster Relief
  • - Cash grants
  • - Livelihood programme
  • - Work fare

Key Strategies of the Government
  • Vision
  • Creation of a safe, free and caring society for
    all through protection and empowerment of the
    most vulnerable and disadvantaged groups and
    adoption of appropriate risk minimizing
  • Policy Direction
  • Protecting the rights of disadvantaged groups
    and upgrading their skills to make them active
    partners of economic development.

Key Elements of the New Strategy
  • Poverty Stricken Community
  • Objective Improved capacity to cope with risks
    and shocks
  • Gradual reduction of Samurdhi cash beneficiaries
    and directing them to engage in gainful economic
  • Diverting more resources from recurrent items to
    capital items (eg. micro credit, village
    infrastructure, skills development, access to
  • Strengthening social insurance and other safety
    measures for Samurdhi beneficiaries. (eg.
    Payments in the event of death in the family,
    scholarship allowance for children etc.)

  • Differently Able Community
  • Objective Better social integration and
    enhanced employment opportunities
  • Equal education Enrolment of differently able
    children to normal schools
  • Shelter and vocational training Rekawarana
    Niwasa Homes for the disabled
  • Financial assistance Monthly grant of Rs.
  • Employment opportunities Reservation of at
    least 3 of employment opportunities in work
  • Social equity Enacting legislation to
    protect the social rights

  • Children
  • Objective Ensuring universal access to the
    services that children require for their
    full and free development
  • Improving health and nutrition Provide
    monthly allowance to purchase milk
  • Safe homes for orphans Improvement of
    childrens homes with adequate financial
  • Quality pre-school education Improvement of
    standards of pre- schools/ day care centres

  • Senior Citizens
  • Objective Improved quality of life with social
    dignity and independence
  • Improving living standards Upgrading homes
    for aged
  • Ensuring adequate income Increase the
    pensions/ EPF benefits
  • Providing in-kind assistance Provision of
    spectacles at free of charge
  • Free railway warrants
  • Subsidized transport

  • Destitute Women
  • Objective Empowered women in a discrimination
    free society
  • Undertaking in-kind transfer Nutrition
    package for pregnant programmes and lactating
  • Promoting gainful employment Financial
    assistance through Lanka Putra Bank
  • Providing legal and counseling Assistance to
    affected women assistance (eg. tortured,
    sexually abused)
  • Enacting new laws Removing inequalities
    relating to salaries, property rights, etc.
  • Enacting Womens Charter of Rights
  • Fair political representation Increased
    representation at provincial and local level

Thank You