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Normal Grief Reactions

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Normal Grief Reactions Grief Page 96 (PAD & D) an emotion or set of emotions due to a loss Grief is a normal reaction to loss. The absence of grief is abnormal ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Normal Grief Reactions


1
Normal Grief Reactions
2
Grief
  • Page 96 (PAD D)
  • an emotion or set of emotions due to a loss
  • Grief is a normal reaction to loss.
  • The absence of grief is abnormal in most cases.
  • Grief is based on the individual perceptions of
    the loss by the griever.

3
Mourning
  • an adjustment process which involves grief or
    sorrow over a period of time and helps in the
    reorganization of the life of an individual
    following a loss or death or someone loved
  • Mourning is the process of adjustment and
    adaptation to the loss.
  • Mourning is driven by the social and cultural
    influences to which the griever is exposed.

4
Characteristics of Grief
  • Page 97 (PAD D)
  • Lindemann
  • Somatic (bodily distress)
  • Preoccupation with the image of the deceased.
  • Guilt
  • Hostile reactions.
  • Loss of patterns of conduct (inability to
    function as before the loss)

5
Determinants of Grief
  • How the bereaved perceives the loss.
  • The bereaveds age.
  • The age of the person who died.
  • The degree to which the bereaved was prepared for
    the death.
  • The bereaveds inner strength and outer
    resources.
  • The nature of the relationship with the person
    who died.

6
Wordens Grief Characteristics
  • Feelings
  • Physical sensations
  • Cognitions
  • Behaviors

7
Wordens Tasks of Mourning
  • Page 99 (PAD D)
  • Accept the reality of the loss.
  • Experience the pain of grief.
  • Adjust to an environment in which the deceased is
    missing.
  • Withdraw emotional energy and reinvest in another
    relationship.

8
Psychological Factors Influencing Grief
  • Page 108 (PAD D)
  • Raphael
  • The preexisting relationship between the bereaved
    and the deceased.
  • The type of death.
  • Previous losses.

9
Randos Psychological Factors
  • Page 110 (PAD D)
  • Meaning of the loss.
  • Qualities of the relationship.
  • Roles of the deceased.
  • Age of the griever.
  • Grievers sex-role conditioning.
  • Deceaseds unique characteristics
  • Grievers mental state
  • Grievers maturity and intelligence.
  • Previous experience with loss.

10
Randos Psychological Factors (contd)
  • Cultural elements affecting the griever.
  • Fulfillment of the deceaseds life.
  • Context of the death.
  • Preventability of the death.
  • Timeliness of the death.
  • Expectation of death.
  • Length of illness.
  • Involvement with dying person.
  • Secondary losses.
  • Additional stressors.

11
Randos Sociological Factors
  • Page 118 (PAD D)
  • Available support systems.
  • Cultural background and context.
  • Socioeconomic status.
  • Funerary rituals.

12
Physiological Factors
  • Page 120 (PAD D)
  • Drugs and sedatives.
  • Nutrition.
  • Rest and sleep.
  • Exercise
  • Overall physical condition.

13
Theories of Grief
  • Page 123 (PAD D)
  • Freud psychoanalytic
  • Lindemann physical
  • Bowlby relational
  • Parkes clinical

14
Freud
  • Page 124 (PAD D)
  • grief is a process by which libido (energy) is
    withdrawn from a love object
  • The grief process absorbs the energies of the
    ego.
  • Grief is normal, appropriate and necessary.
  • Grief is painful.

15
Lindemann
  • Grief Syndrome
  • Physical expressions of grief
  • Somatic or bodily distress.
  • Preoccupation with the image of the deceased.
  • Guilt.
  • Hostile reactions.
  • Inability to function as one had before the loss.

16
Bowlby
  • Page 126 (PAD D)
  • Attachment Theory 4 aspects
  • Strength of attachment.
  • Security of attachment.
  • Reliance.
  • Involvement.

17
Parkes
  • Page 127 (PAD D)
  • Clinical viewpoint
  • Describes the experience of grief as a normal
    reaction to overwhelming loss.
  • Describes somatic distress as pangs.
  • Resistance to change and a reluctance to give up
    possessions, people, status and expectations are
    the basis of grief.
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