Origins of the Cold War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Origins of the Cold War PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 75e831-ZjY1N



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Origins of the Cold War

Description:

* 1 1 Origins of the Cold War U.S.-Soviet Relations to 1945 Allies in World War II Postwar Cooperation the U.N Satellite States in Eastern Europe Occupation Zones ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:177
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 26
Provided by: Owne3213
Category:
Tags: cold | korea | nuclear | origins | power | war

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Origins of the Cold War


1
(No Transcript)
2
Origins of the Cold War
  • U.S.-Soviet Relations to 1945
  • Allies in World War II
  • Postwar Cooperation the U.N
  • Satellite States in Eastern Europe
  • Occupation Zones in Germany
  • Iron Curtain

3
THE COLD WAR
coldwar
vs
  • Uneasy peace between the U.S. and the Soviet
    Union.
  • Competition for world dominance and global power.
  • Fought on political and economic fronts rather
    than on military battlefields---------Even though
    the threat of war was always present.
  • Defined Americas foreign policy from 1946 to
    1989.
  • It affected domestic politics and how Americans
    viewed the world and themselves.
  • Constant state of military preparedness and arms
    race
  • Propaganda war----Democracy vs Communism
  • US policy Support nations threatened by
    Communism

4
NATO
NATO ALLIANCE AND WARSAW PACT
Communistic Warsaw Pact
Communistic Warsaw Pact
5
The Bi-Polarization of Europe The Beginning of
the Cold War
map/cold war
1950s
Democracy vs. Communism Bi-Polarization of the
World
Soviet Union/China and Allies..
US, Allied Nations and Allied colonies.
6
The Cold War Roots of the Conflict
Soviet Expansion The Soviet Union occupied
most of Eastern Europe by the end of World War II.
7
Satellite State
  • When a nation is under the control of another.
  • Ex. Part of Germany was under the control of the
    Soviet Union.
  • Other examples Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary,
    Romania and Bulgaria

8
The Iron Curtain
From Stettin in the Balkans, to Trieste in the
Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across
the Continent. Behind that line lies the ancient
capitals of Central and Eastern Europe.
-- Sir Winston Churchill, 1946
9
Truman Doctrine 1947
  1. Civil War in Greece.
  2. Turkey under pressure from the USSR for
    concessions in the Dardanelles.
  3. The U. S. should support free peoples throughout
    the world who were resisting takeovers by armed
    minorities or outside pressuresWe must assist
    free peoples to work out their own destinies in
    their own way.
  4. The U.S. gave Greece Turkey 400 million in aid.

10
Marshall Plan 1948
  1. European Recovery Program.
  2. Secretary of State, George Marshall
  3. The U. S. should provide aid to all European
    nations that need it. This move is not against
    any country or doctrine, but against hunger,
    poverty, desperation, and chaos.
  4. 12.5 billion of US aid to Western Europe
    extended to Eastern Europe USSR, but this was
    rejected.

11
The U.S. gave over 12 billion in aid to
European countries between 1948 and 1952, helping
to improve their economies and lessen the chance
of communist revolutions.
12
map/cold war
CONTAINMENT POLICY
1950s
Containment Stop the expansion of Communism in
Asia and Europe
Soviet Union/China and Allies..
US, Allied Nations and Allied colonies.
13
Communist Expansion A Chronology of Events
Soviet Union 1918
Berlin Blockade 1947-8
Eastern Europe 1946
China 1949
Korean War 1950 to 1953
CONTAINMENT Marshall Plan Berlin
Airlift NATO Korean War
14
Focus on Berlin
  • After World War II, Germany was divided into four
    zones, occupied by French, British, American, and
    Soviet troops.

Occupation zones after 1945. Berlin is the
multinational area within the Soviet zone.
15
Soviet blockade
East Berlin
West Berlin
East Germany
West Germany
In June of 1948, the French, British and
American zones were joined into the nation of
West Germany after the Soviets refused to end
their occupation of Germany.
16
In response, the Soviets cut off West Berlin
from the rest of the world with a blockade.
Eventual site of the Berlin Wall
17
Berlin Airlift
President Truman decided to avoid the blockade
by flying in food and other supplies to the needy
people of West Berlin.
At times, over 5,000 tons of supplies arrived
daily.
18
Berlin Blockade Airlift (1948-49)
19
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949)
Military alliance to counter Soviet expansion.
  • United States
  • Belgium
  • Britain
  • Canada
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Iceland
  • Italy
  • Luxemburg
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Portugal
  • 1952 Greece Turkey
  • 1955 West Germany
  • 1983 Spain

20
NATO
NATO ALLIANCE AND WARSAW PACT
21
Warsaw Pact (1955)
Soviet Union and satellite states rival alliance
to NATO
  • U. S. S. R.
  • Albania
  • Bulgaria
  • Czechoslovakia
  • East Germany
  • Hungary
  • Poland
  • Rumania

22
NATO
1949, THE YEAR OF SHOCK
Mao Tse Tung
  • Mao Tse Tung, defeats Chang Kai Shek in the
    Chinese Civil War..
  • China became a communistic country.
  • Chang Kai Shak is exiled to Taiwan.
  • Mao Tse Tung becomes the Communistic leader of
    China.
  • US believed there was a communistic plot to rule
    the world

Chang Kai Shek
23
KOREAN WAR
  • 1950 to 1953, North Korea invades South Korea.
  • North Korea was a communist nation and South
    Korea was a democracy.
  • First war of containment policy to stop
    communism
  • Police Action not a declared war
  • President Truman leads United Nations.
  • General Douglas MacArthur commands US and UN
    troops.
  • Called forgotten war.

24
KOREAN WAR
  • Truman vs. MacArthur
  • Truman fires General MacArthur when he advises
    Truman he would use nuclear weapons against the
    Chinese.

25
KOREAN WAR
  • Stalemate by 1953.
  • Pres. Eisenhower negotiated an end to war
  • Divided at 38th parallel
  • Communism contained
  • Remains divided today
About PowerShow.com