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The Nile Valley Chapter 2:ib The Old Kingdom 2700

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The Nile Valley Chapter 2:ib The Old Kingdom 2700 2200 B.C The Land of the Pharaohs. [Image source: http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Academy/6539/pic.htm] – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Nile Valley Chapter 2:ib The Old Kingdom 2700


1
The Nile Valley Chapter 2ibThe Old
Kingdom2700 2200 B.C
  • The Land of the Pharaohs.
  • Image source http//www.geocities.com/Athens/Ac
    ademy/6539/pic.htm
  • Image source http//www.library.nwu.edu/class/h
    istory/B94/nilevall.gif
  • Image source http//www.library.nwu.edu/class/h
    istory/B94/delta185.gif

2
Historians have organized ancient Egyptian
dynasties into three great periods
  • Old Kingdom (2700 to 2200 B.C.)
  • Middle Kingdom (2050 to 1800 B.C.)
  • New Kingdom (1600 to 300 B.C.)

3
(No Transcript)
4
A strong, centralized national government
developed under the Egyptian pharaohs.
  • Image source http//www.siue.edu/COSTUMES/COSTU
    ME1_INDEX.HTMLPlate1

5
The title pharaoh means great house.
  • Image source http//www.unites.uqam.ca/dhist/pa
    gesp/pagemg3.htm

6
Egyptian society revolved around providing for
the great house.
  • Image source http//www.library.nwu.edu/class/h
    istory/B94/society.gif

7
Egypt was a theocracy, where the pharaoh was both
the religious and political leader of Egypt.
  • Image source http//www.pharaonicarts.com/ramse
    s-horus.htm

8
The pharaoh was aided in governing his realm by a
bureaucracy, or group of government officials.
  • Image source http//www.artchive.com/ftp_site.h
    tm

9
The highest ranking official - second only to
pharaoh in power - was the vizier, or prime
minister.
  • http//www.elkhound.demon.co.uk/pictures/imhotepp
    ics.htm

10
To honour their god-kings, Egyptians built
houses of eternity, or pyramids, to entomb
their remains.
  • http//web.kyoto-inet.or.jp./org/orion/eng/hst/eg
    ypt/giza.html

11
The first pyramid constructed was the
stepped-pyramid of Saqqara built for King Djoser.
  • Image source http//www.okanagan.bc.ca/hist/his
    t110/Egscene.html

12
Egyptians preserved the bodies of theirkings
fromdecay throughembalming.
  • Image source http//www.ccer.ggl.ruu.nl/abu_sim
    bel/ramses.html

13
Ones entry into the afterlife was determined by
the weighing of the heart.
  • Image source http//www.natashascafe.com/cgi-bi
    n/dbase.cgi?judge

14
Around 2200 B.C. the kings in Memphis began to
lose control and powerful nobles fought each
other for control of Egypt.
15
The kings of Thebes brought unruly local
governments under control and restored order.
16
The Nile Valley Chapter 2icThe Middle
Kingdom2200- 1800 B.C.
  • The Land of the Pharaohs.

17
The Theban kings established a new dynasty that
ushered-in the period known as the Middle Kingdom.
  • Image source http//pages.ancientsites.com/Dua
    t_Ramesses/wast_plaque.htm

18
The Theban kings conquered the kingdom of Nubia
on the upper Nile River south of the first
cataract.
  • Image source http//www.library.nwu.edu/class/h
    istory/B94/nubgeog.html

19
Nubian warriors ultimately played an important
role as mercenaries in the Egyptian army.
20
Theban kings also promoted trade by constructing
a canal that connected the Nile River to the Red
Sea.
21
The Hyksos conquered Lower Egypt using bronze
weapons and horse-drawnchariots.
22
The Hyksos ruled Lower Egypt for about 110 years.
  • Image source http//www.library.nwu.edu/class/h
    istory/B94/delta185.gif

23
About 1600 B.C. Prince Ahmose raised an army and,
using Hyksos tactics and technology, drove them
from Egypt.
24
The Nile Valley Chapter 2icThe Middle
Kingdom2200- 1800 B.C.
  • The Land of the Pharaohs.

25
Around 2200 B.C. the kings in Memphis began to
lose control and powerful nobles fought each
other for control of Egypt.
26
The kings of Thebes brought unruly local
governments under control and restored order.
27
The Theban kings established a new dynasty that
ushered-in the period known as the Middle Kingdom.
  • Image source http//pages.ancientsites.com/Dua
    t_Ramesses/wast_plaque.htm

28
The Theban kings conquered the kingdom of Nubia
on the upper Nile River south of the first
cataract.
  • Image source http//www.library.nwu.edu/class/h
    istory/B94/nubgeog.html

29
Nubian warriors ultimately played an important
role as mercenaries in the Egyptian army.
30
Theban kings also promoted trade by constructing
a canal that connected the Nile River to the Red
Sea.
31
The Hyksos conquered Lower Egypt using bronze
weapons and horse-drawnchariots.
32
The Hyksos ruled Lower Egypt for about 110 years.
  • Image source http//www.library.nwu.edu/class/h
    istory/B94/delta185.gif

33
About 1600 B.C. Prince Ahmose raised an army and,
using Hyksos tactics and technology, drove them
from Egypt.
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