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The Vietnam War, 1954-1975

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The Vietnam War 1954 - 1975 Mr. Brink United States History 20.1 Southeast Asia Background to the War France controlled Indochina since the late 19th century ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Vietnam War, 1954-1975


1
The Vietnam War 1954 - 1975
Mr. Brink United States History 20.1
2
Southeast Asia
3
Background to the War
  • France controlled Indochina since the late 19th
    century
  • Japan took control during World War II
  • With U.S. aid, France attempted re-colonization
    in the postwar period

4
The Pleas of Ho Chi Minh
  • Rebuked by Wilson after WWI
  • Rebuked by US after WWII
  • French serve as bulwark against communism

5
The Domino Theory
6
Background to the War
  • The French lost control to Ho Chi Minhs Viet
    Minh forces in 1954 at Dien Bien Phu
  • President Eisenhower declined to intervene on
    behalf of France.

7
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8
Background to the War
  • International Conference at Geneva
  • Vietnam was divided at 17th parallel
  • Ho Chi Minhs nationalist forces controlled the
    North
  • Ngo Dinh Diem, a French-educated, Roman Catholic
    claimed control of the South

9
Ngo Dinh Diem
  • Corrupt US-Backed Dictator of South Vietnam
  • Persecutes Buddhist majority
  • Ho has support of peasants, so Ngo blocks
    election
  • Causes civil war in 1955

10
Background to the War
  • A date was set for democratic elections to
    reunify Vietnam
  • Diem backed out of the elections, leading to
    military conflict between North and South(US
    Doesnt Want Them)

11
Civil War
  • North Vietnamese Army (NVA or Vietminh)
  • VietCong (VC) guerrilla groups in South Vietnam

12
U.S. Military Involvement Begins
  • Repressive dictatorial rule by Diem
  • Diems family holds all power
  • Wealth is hoarded by the elite
  • Buddhist majority persecuted
  • Torture, lack of political freedom prevail
  • The U.S. aided Diems government
  • Ike sent financial and military aid
  • 900 U.S. Army advisors sent by 1960.

13
U.S. Military Involvement Begins
  • Kennedy elected 1960
  • Increases military advisors to 16,000
  • 1963 JFK supports a Vietnamese military coup
    detat Diem and his brother are murdered (Nov.
    2)
  • Kennedy was assassinated just weeks later (Nov.
    22)

14
Early Protests of Diems Government
Self-Emolation by a Buddhist Monk
15
Johnson Sends Ground Forces
  • Remembers Trumans loss of China ? Domino
    Theory revived

Im not going to be the president who saw
Southeast Asia go the way China went.
16
Johnson Sends Ground Forces
  • Advised to rout the communists by Secretary of
    State, Robert S. McNamara
  • Tonkin Gulf Incident ? 1964(acc. to Johnson, the
    attacks were unprovoked)
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution
  • The Blank Check

17
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18
U.S. Troop Deployments in Vietnam
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